16 Facts About Chess


Chess is an abstract strategy game and involves no hidden information.

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Chess sets come in a wide variety of styles; for competition, the Staunton pattern is preferred.

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Chess's international governing body is usually known by its French acronym FIDE (French: Federation internationale des echecs), or International Chess Federation.

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World Chess Solving Championship and World Correspondence Chess Championships include both team and individual events; these are held independently of FIDE.

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Chess strategy is concerned with the evaluation of chess positions and with setting up goals and long-term plans for future play.

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Chess problems became a regular part of 19th-century newspapers; Bernhard Horwitz, Josef Kling, and Samuel Loyd composed some of the most influential problems.

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In 1927, the Women's World Chess Championship was established; the first to hold the title was Czech-English master Vera Menchik.

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Chess's successor was the Russian-French Alexander Alekhine, a strong attacking player who died as the world champion in 1946.

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Chess won the world championship tournament in 1948 and retained the title in tied matches in 1951 and 1954.

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Chess-playing computer programs began to appear in the 1960s.

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Chess defended his title 4 times since then and is the reigning world champion.

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Game of Chess is not merely an idle amusement; several very valuable qualities of the mind, useful in the course of human life, are to be acquired and strengthened by it, so as to become habits ready on all occasions; for life is a kind of Chess, in which we have often points to gain, and competitors or adversaries to contend with, and in which there is a vast variety of good and ill events, that are, in some degree, the effect of prudence, or the want of it.

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Chess was occasionally criticized in the 19th century as a waste of time.

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Chess is taught to children in schools around the world today.

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The first World Computer Chess Championship, held in 1974, was won by the Soviet program Kaissa.

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Internet Chess Servers allow people to find and play opponents worldwide.

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