28 Facts About Tallinn


Tallinn is the most populous, primate, and capital city of Estonia.

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Tallinn is the main financial, industrial, and cultural centre of Estonia.

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Tallinn has the highest number of start-ups per person among European countries and is the birthplace of many international high-technology companies, including Skype, Bolt and Wise.

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In 2007, Tallinn was listed among the top-10 digital cities in the world, and in 2022, Tallinn was listed among the top-10 "medium-sized European cities of future".

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Tallinn became the capital of a de facto independent country on 20 August 1991.

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Tallinn was the 2011 European Capital of Culture, and will be the 2023 European Green Capital Award.

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Tallinn is situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in north-western Estonia.

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The only significant river in Tallinn nowadays is the Pirita River, in the eponymous Pirita city district.

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Geology under the city of Tallinn is made up of rocks and sediments of different composition and age.

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The buried valleys of Tallinn are carved into older rock likely by ancient rivers to be later modified by glaciers.

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Tallinn has a humid continental climate with mild, rainy summers and cold, snowy winters.

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Tallinn was one of the urban areas with industrial and military significance in northern Estonia that during the period of Soviet occupation underwent extensive russification of its ethnic composition due to large influx of immigrants from Russia and other parts of the former USSR.

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In recent years, Tallinn has gradually been becoming one of the main IT centres of Europe, with the Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence of NATO, eu-LISA, the EU Digital Agency and the IT development centres of large corporations, such as TeliaSonera and Kuehne + Nagel being based in the city.

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Tallinn's Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a major tourist attraction; others include the Seaplane Harbour of Estonian Maritime Museum, the Tallinn Zoo, Kadriorg Park, and the Estonian Open Air Museum.

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Tallinn is the financial centre of Estonia and a strong economic centre in the Scandinavian-Baltic region.

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Port of Tallinn is one of the biggest ports in the Baltic sea region, and the largest cargo port of Estonia, the Port of Muuga, which belongs to the same entity, is located in the neighboring town of Maardu.

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Tallinn's industries include shipbuilding, machine building, metal processing, electronics, textile manufacturing.

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Air Maintenance Estonia and AS Panaviatic Maintenance, both based in Tallinn Airport, provide MRO services for aircraft, largely expanding their operations in recent years.

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Tallinn was a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with Turku, Finland.

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One of the most visited historical museums in Tallinn is the Estonian History Museum, located in Great Guild Hall at Vanalinn, the old part of the city.

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Tallinn is home to two major natural science museums – Estonian Museum of Natural History and Estonian Health Care Museum, both located in Old Town.

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Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival, is an annual film festival held since 1997 in Tallinn, the capital city of Estonia.

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Traditional cuisine of Tallinn reflects culinary traditions of north Estonia, the role of the city as a fishing port, and historical German influences.

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The modern era of marzipan in Tallinn began in 1806, when the Swiss confectioner Lorenz Caviezel set up his confectionery on Pikk Street.

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In January 2013, Tallinn became the first European capital to offer a fare-free service on buses, trams and trolleybuses within the city limits.

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Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport is about 4 kilometres from Town Hall square .

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Tallinn has a commuter rail service running from Tallinn's main rail station in two main directions: east and to several western destinations .

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The first electrified train service in Tallinn was opened in 1924 from Tallinn to Paaskula, a distance of 11.

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