15 Facts About Crimea


Crimea has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the steppe.

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The Soviet fleet in Crimea was in contention but a 1997 treaty allowed Russia to continue basing its fleet in Sevastopol.

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North and centre of Crimea fell to the Mongol Golden Horde, although the south coast was still controlled by the Christian Principality of Theodoro and Genoese colonies.

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The ASSR was dissolved in 1945, and the Crimea became an oblast which and was then transferred to the Ukrainian SSR in 1954, on the 300th anniversary of the Treaty of Pereyaslav.

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In 2014, Crimea saw intense demonstrations against the removal of the Russia-leaning Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych in Kyiv.

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Crimea is located between the temperate and subtropical climate belts and is characterized by warm and sunny weather.

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The northern parts of Crimea have a moderate continental climate with short but cold winters and moderately hot dry summers.

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Climate of Crimea is influenced by its geographic location, relief, and influences from the Black sea.

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Black Sea ports of Crimea provide quick access to the Eastern Mediterranean, Balkans and Middle East.

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In 2016 Crimea had Nominal GDP of US$7 billion and US$3, 000 per capita.

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Crimea possesses several natural gas fields both onshore and offshore, which were starting to be drilled by western oil and gas companies before annexation.

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Crimea has 540 MW of its own electricity generation capacity, including the 100 MW Simferopol Thermal Power Plant, the 22 MW Sevastopol Thermal Power Plant and the 19 MW Kamish-Burunskaya Thermal Power Plant.

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Crimea contains the longest trolleybus route in the world, founded in 1959, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta.

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Crimea is divided into the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol.

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Ethnic composition of Crimea's population has changed dramatically since the early 20th century.

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