17 Facts About Sevastopol


Sevastopol, sometimes written Sebastopol, is the largest city in Crimea and a major port on the Black Sea.

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Sevastopol visited the city in 1787, accompanied by Joseph II, the Emperor of Austria, and other foreign dignitaries.

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The modern day city of Sevastopol has no connection to the ancient and medieval Greek city, but the ruins are a popular tourist attraction located on the outskirts of the city.

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The front settled into the siege of Sevastopol, involving brutal conditions for troops on both sides.

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Sevastopol finally fell after eleven months, after the French had assaulted Fort Malakoff.

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Administratively, Sevastopol was a municipality excluded from the adjacent Crimean Oblast.

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Sevastopol remained the location of the Russian Black Sea Fleet headquarters, and the Ukrainian Naval Forces Headquarters were located in the city.

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Russian society in general and even some outspoken government representatives never accepted the loss of Sevastopol and tended to regard it as temporarily separated from Russia.

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City of Sevastopol is located at the southwestern tip of the Crimean peninsula in a headland known as Heracles peninsula on a coast of the Black Sea.

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Away in a remote location southeast of Sevastopol is located the former city of Balaklava, the bay of which in Soviet times served as a main port for the Soviet diesel-powered submarines.

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Sevastopol has a mediterranean climate, closely bordering on a humid subtropical climate.

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Executive power in Sevastopol is exercised by the Sevastopol City State Administration, led by a chairman appointed by the Ukrainian president.

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On 18 March 2014, Russia formally annexed Crimea with Sevastopol being administered as a federal city of Russia, the others being Moscow and St Petersburg.

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Sevastopol maintains a large port facility in the Bay of Sevastopol and in smaller bays around the Heracles peninsula.

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Population of Sevastopol is 509,992, consisting of 479,394 urban residents and 30,598 rural, making it the most populous city of the Crimean Peninsula.

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In 2015, Sevastopol had the largest decrease in life expectancy at birth among all regions of Russia.

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In 2020, after beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Sevastopol became the only region of Russia where there was increase of life expectancy.

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