39 Facts About Kyiv


Kyiv is an important industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural center in Eastern Europe.

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From 1921 onwards, Kyiv was a city of Soviet Ukraine, which was proclaimed by the Red Army, and, from 1934, Kyiv was its capital.

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Kyiv emerged as the most pro-Western region of Ukraine; parties advocating tighter integration with the European Union dominate during elections.

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Kyiv is the romanized official Ukrainian name for the city, and it is used for legislative and official acts.

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Historian Julius Brutzkus in his work The Khazar Origin of Ancient Kiev hypothesizes that both Sambat and Kyiv are of Khazar origin meaning "hill fortress" and "lower settlement" respectively.

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Place name Kyiv is standardized in the authoritative database of Ukraine's toponyms maintained by Ukraine's mapping agency Derzhheokadastr.

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City of Kyiv stood on the trade route between the Varangians and the Greeks.

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Kyiv took many pieces of religious artwork - including the Theotokos of Vladimir icon - from Vyshhorod.

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Finally, as a result of the Battle of Blue Waters in 1362, Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, incorporated Kyiv and surrounding areas into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

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The 1658 Treaty of Hadiach envisaged Kyiv becoming the capital of the Grand Duchy of Rus' within the Polish–Lithuanian–Ruthenian Commonwealth, but this provision of the treaty never went into operation.

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Kyiv prospered during the late 19th century Industrial Revolution in the Russian Empire, when it became the third most important city of the Empire and the major centre of commerce of its southwest.

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Kyiv changed hands sixteen times from the end of 1918 to August 1920.

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Kyiv recovered economically in the post-war years, becoming the third-most important city of the Soviet Union.

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Geographically, Kyiv is located on the border of the Polesia woodland ecological zone, a part of the European mixed woods area, and the East European forest steppe biome.

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Originally on the west bank, today Kyiv is located on both sides of the Dnieper, which flows southwards through the city towards the Black Sea.

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Kyiv is a part of the larger Dnieper Upland adjoining the western bank of the Dnieper in its mid-flow, and which contributes to the city's elevation change.

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Kyiv expanded into the Dnieper Lowland on the left bank as late as the 20th century.

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In total, there are 448 bodies of open water within the boundaries of Kyiv, which include the Dnieper itself, its reservoirs, and several small rivers, dozens of lakes and artificially created ponds.

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Municipality of the city of Kyiv has a special legal status within Ukraine compared to the other administrative subdivisions of the country.

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Kyiv is further informally divided into historical or territorial neighbourhoods, each housing from about 5,000 to 100,000 inhabitants.

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The centre of Kyiv has been cleaned up and buildings have been restored and redecorated, especially Khreshchatyk and Maidan Nezalezhnosti.

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At the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009, Kyiv was the only Commonwealth of Independent States city to have been inscribed into the TOP30 European Green City Index.

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One of Kyiv's widely recognized modern landmarks is the highly visible giant Mother Motherland statue made of titanium standing at the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War on the Right bank of the Dnieper.

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Kyiv retained through centuries its cultural importance and even at times of relative decay, it remained the centre of primary importance of Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

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In 1946 Kyiv had four theatres, one opera house and one concert hall, but most tickets then were allocated to "privileged groups".

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In 2005, Kyiv hosted the 50th annual Eurovision Song Contest and in 2017 the 62nd annual Eurovision Song Contest.

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Kyiv is known as a green city with two botanical gardens and numerous large and small parks.

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Centre of Kyiv becomes a large outdoor party place at night during summer months, with thousands of people having a good time in nearby restaurants, clubs and outdoor cafes.

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The hill is the site of the Castle of Richard the Lionheart; the baroque-style St Andrew's Church; the home of Kyiv born writer, Mikhail Bulgakov; the monument to Yaroslav the Wise, the Grand Prince of Kyiv and of Novgorod; and numerous other monuments.

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Kyiv has numerous recreational attractions like bowling alleys, go-cart tracks, paintball venues, billiard halls and even shooting ranges.

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The 100-year-old Kyiv Zoo is located on 40 hectares and according to CBC "the zoo has 2,600 animals from 328 species".

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Kyiv fortress is the 19th-century fortification buildings situated in Ukrainian capital Kyiv, that once belonged to western Russian fortresses.

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Primary industries in Kyiv include utilities – i e, electricity, gas and water supply, manufacture of food, beverages and tobacco products, chemical, mechanical engineering and manufacture of paper and paper products, including publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media.

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Kyiv is home to Ukraine's ministry of education and science, and is noted for its contributions to medical and computer science research.

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Local public transportation in Kyiv includes the Metro, buses and minibuses, trolleybuses, trams, taxi and funicular.

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Publicly owned and operated Kyiv Metro is the fastest, the most convenient and affordable network that covers most, but not all, of the city.

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Kyiv represents the focal point of Ukraine's "national roads" system, thus linked by road to all cities of the country.

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In 2009, Kyiv's roads were in poor technical condition and maintained inadequately.

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Kyiv is served by two international passenger airports: the Boryspil Airport located 30 kilometres away, and the smaller, municipally owned Zhulyany Airport on the southern outskirts of the city.

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