84 Facts About Lithuania


Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is a country in the Baltic region of Europe.

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The Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were in a de facto personal union from 1386 with the marriage of the Polish queen Hedwig and Lithuania's Grand Duke Jogaila, who was crowned King jure uxoris Wladyslaw II Jagiello of Poland.

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In World War II, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany.

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On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania passed the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania, becoming the first Soviet republic to proclaim its independence.

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Lithuania is a developed country, with a high income advanced economy; ranking very high in the Human Development Index.

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Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, the Nordic Investment Bank, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD.

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The inhabitants of what is Lithuania then travelled less and engaged in local hunting, gathering and fresh-water fishing.

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Jogaila embarked on gradual Christianization of Lithuania and established a personal union between Poland and Lithuania.

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Lithuania was one of the last pagan areas of Europe to adopt Christianity.

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From 1573, the Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania were elected by the nobility, who were granted ever-increasing Golden Liberties.

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The state of Lithuania which had been built within the framework of the Act lasted from 1918 until 1940.

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Lithuania continued to claim Vilnius as its de jure capital and relations with Poland remained particularly tense and hostile for the entire interwar period.

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In January 1923, Lithuania staged the Klaipeda Revolt and captured Klaipeda Region which was detached from East Prussia by the Treaty of Versailles.

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On 20 March 1939, after years of rising tensions, Lithuania was handed an ultimatum by Nazi Germany demanding it relinquish the Klaipeda Region.

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When Nazi Germany and Soviet Union concluded the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Lithuania was initially assigned to the German sphere of influence but was later transferred to the Soviet sphere.

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Lithuania became part of the Reichskommissariat Ostland, German civil administration.

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Lithuania became the first Soviet-occupied state to announce the restitution of independence.

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People from all over Lithuania flooded to Vilnius to defend their legitimately elected Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania and independence.

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On 25 October 1992, the citizens of Lithuania voted in a referendum to adopt the current constitution.

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On 1 January 2015, Lithuania joined the eurozone and adopted the European Union's single currency as the last of the Baltic states.

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On 24 February 2022, Lithuania declared the state of emergency in response to 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

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Lithuania has a temperate climate with both maritime and continental influences.

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Lithuania experienced a drought in 2002, causing forest and peat bog fires.

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Lithuania is home to two terrestrial ecoregions: Central European mixed forests and Sarmatic mixed forests.

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Lithuania has five national parks, 30 regional parks, 402 nature reserves, 668 state-protected natural heritage objects.

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In 2018 Lithuania was ranked fifth, second to Sweden in the Climate Change Performance Index .

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Since Lithuania declared the restoration of its independence on 11 March 1990, it has maintained strong democratic traditions.

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Lithuania was one of the first countries in the world to grant women a right to vote in the elections.

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President of Lithuania is the head of state of the country, elected to a five-year term in a majority vote.

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Law enforcement in Lithuania is primarily the responsibility of local Lietuvos policija commissariats.

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Capital punishment in Lithuania was suspended in 1996 and fully eliminated in 1998.

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Lithuania has the highest number of prison inmates in the EU.

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Lithuania became a member of the United Nations on 18 September 1991, and is a signatory to a number of its organizations and other international agreements.

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Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization on 31 May 2001, and joined the OECD on 5 July 2018, while seeking membership in other Western organizations.

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In 2011, Lithuania hosted the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Ministerial Council Meeting.

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Lithuania is active in developing cooperation among northern European countries.

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Lithuania cooperates with Nordic and the two other Baltic countries through the NB8 format.

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Nordic Council of Ministers and Lithuania engage in political cooperation to attain mutual goals and to determine new trends and possibilities for joint cooperation.

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Lithuania, together with the five Nordic countries and the two other Baltic countries, is a member of the Nordic Investment Bank and cooperates in its NORDPLUS programme, which is committed to education.

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Lithuania maintains greatly warm mutual relations with Georgia and strongly supports its European Union and NATO aspirations.

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In 2013, Lithuania was elected to the United Nations Security Council for a two-year term, becoming the first Baltic country elected to this post.

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In 2019 Lithuania condemned the Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria.

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In December 2021, Lithuania reported that in an escalation of the diplomatic spat with China over its relations with Taiwan, China had stopped all imports from Lithuania.

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Since the summer of 2005, Lithuania has been part of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, leading a Provincial Reconstruction Team in the town of Chaghcharan in the province of Ghor.

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Lithuania has an open and mixed economy that is classified as high-income economy by the World Bank.

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Lithuania joined NATO in 2004, EU in 2004, Schengen in 2007 and OECD in 2018.

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FDI into Lithuania spiked in 2017, reaching its highest ever recorded number of greenfield investment projects.

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In 2017, Lithuania was third country, after Ireland and Singapore by the average job value of investment projects.

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Lithuania has a flat tax rate rather than a progressive scheme.

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Lithuania has granted a total of 39 e-money licenses, second in the EU only to the U K with 128 licenses.

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In 1999, the Seimas of Lithuania adopted a Law on Product Safety, and in 2000 it adopted a Law on Food.

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Foundation of the University of Vilnius in 1579 was a major factor of establishing local scientist community in Lithuania and making connections with other universities and scientists of Europe.

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Lithuania was ranked 39th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021.

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Lithuania has launched three satellites to space: LitSat-1, Lituanica SAT-1 and LituanicaSAT-2.

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In 2017, Lithuania was top 30 in the world by average mobile broadband speeds and top 20 by average fixed broadband speeds.

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Lithuania was top 7 in 2017 in the List of countries by 4G LTE penetration.

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In 2016, Lithuania was ranked 17th in United Nations' e-participation index.

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Lithuania is 44th globally ranked country on data center density according to Cloudscene.

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Lithuania received its first railway connection in the middle of the 19th century, when the WarsawSaint Petersburg Railway was constructed.

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In 2017, Lietuvos Gelezinkeliai, a company that operates most railway lines in Lithuania, received EU penalty for breaching EU's antitrust laws and restricting competition.

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Lithuania has one of the largest fresh water supplies, compared with other countries in Europe.

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Consequently, Lithuania is one of very few European countries where groundwater is used for centralized water supply.

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Lithuania has a sub-replacement fertility rate: the total fertility rate in Lithuania was 1.

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Poles in Lithuania are the largest minority, concentrated in southeast Lithuania .

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Russians in Lithuania are the second largest minority, concentrated mostly in two cities.

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Lithuania provides free state-funded healthcare to all citizens and registered long-term residents.

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In 2016, Lithuania ranked 27th in Europe in the Euro health consumer index, a ranking of European healthcare systems based on waiting time, results and other indicators.

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Suicide in Lithuania has been a subject of research, but the main reasons behind the high rate are thought to be both psychological and economic, including: social transformations and economic recessions, alcoholism, lack of tolerance in the society, bullying.

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Lithuania has one of the lowest health care prices in Europe.

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Lithuania was historically home to a significant Jewish community and was an important centre of Jewish scholarship and culture from the 18th century until the eve of World War II.

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The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania proposes national educational policies and goals that are then voted for in the Seimas.

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Several famous Lithuania-related architects are notable for their achievements in the field of architecture.

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Lithuania has some very famous theatre directors well known in the country and abroad.

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Lithuania was awarded more than forty times with special prizes.

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Lithuania has been considered one of the pioneers of abstract art in Europe.

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Lithuania has a long farmhouse beer tradition, first mentioned in 11th century chronicles.

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Lithuania is top 5 by consumption of beer per capita in Europe in 2015, counting 75 active breweries, 32 of them are microbreweries.

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The microbrewery scene in Lithuania has been growing in later years, with a number of bars focusing on these beers popping up in Vilnius and in other parts of the country.

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Constitution of Lithuania provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights in practice.

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Lithuania has produced a number of NBA players, including Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductees Arvydas Sabonis and Sarunas Marciulionis, and current NBA players Jonas Valanciunas, Domantas Sabonis, and Ignas Brazdeikis.

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Lithuania has won a total of 26 medals at the Olympic Games, including 6 gold medals in athletics, modern pentathlon, shooting, and swimming.

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Discus thrower Virgilijus Alekna is the most successful Olympic athlete of independent Lithuania, having won gold medals in the 2000 Sydney and 2004 Athens games, as well as a bronze in 2008 Summer Olympics and numerous World Championship medals.

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Lithuania has produced prominent athletes in athletics, modern pentathlon, road and track cycling, chess, rowing, aerobatics, strongman, wrestling, boxing, mixed martial arts, Kyokushin Karate, and other sports.

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Lithuania hosted the 2021 FIFA Futsal World Cup, the first time Lithuania had hosted a FIFA tournament.

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