18 Facts About East Prussia


East Prussia was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and again from 1878 ; following World War I it formed part of the Weimar Republic's Free State of Prussia, until 1945.

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East Prussia was the main part of the region of Prussia along the southeastern Baltic Coast.

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Between 1829 and 1878, the Province of East Prussia was joined with West Prussia to form the Province of Prussia.

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Kingdom of East Prussia became the leading state of the German Empire after its creation in 1871.

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Eastern Prussia remained under the Knights but as a fief of Poland.

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When Maximilian died, Albert's line died out, and the Duchy of East Prussia passed to the Electors of Brandenburg, forming Brandenburg-East Prussia.

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The designation "Kingdom of East Prussia" was gradually applied to the various lands of Brandenburg-East Prussia.

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Until the Prussian reforms of 1808, the administration in East Prussia was transferred to the General War and Finance Directorate in Berlin, represented by two local chamber departments:.

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From 1905, the southern districts of East Prussia formed the separate Regierungsbezirk of Allenstein.

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East and West Prussia were first united in personal union in 1824 and then merged in a real union in 1829 to form the Province of Prussia.

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From 1824 to 1878, East Prussia was combined with West Prussia to form the Province of Prussia, after which they were reestablished as separate provinces.

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At the German entry into World War I, East Prussia became a theatre of war when the Russian Empire invaded the country.

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East Prussia became an exclave, being separated from mainland Germany.

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East Prussia had long-term plans for mass-scale industrialization of the largely agricultural province.

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Southern East Prussia was placed under Polish administration, while northern East Prussia was divided between the Soviet republics of Russia and Lithuania.

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Many more were prevented from returning, and the German population of East Prussia was almost completely expelled by the communist regimes.

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In year 1817, East Prussia had 796,204 Evangelical Christians, 120,123 Roman Catholics, 864 Mennonites and 2,389 Jews.

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The provincial diet of East Prussia elected a provincial executive body, the provincial committee, and a head of province, the Landeshauptmann.

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