23 Facts About Roman Catholics


The administrative body of the Holy See, the Roman Catholics Curia, has its principal offices in Vatican City, a small enclave of the Italian city of Rome, of which the pope is head of state.

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Roman Catholics's theses protested key points of Catholic doctrine as well as the sale of indulgences, and along with the Leipzig Debate this led to his excommunication in 1521.

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Roman Catholics attempted to mediate between the powers and established a Vatican relief office, to assist victims of the war and reunite families.

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Roman Catholics expressed concern against race killings on Vatican Radio, and intervened diplomatically to attempt to block Nazi deportations of Jews in various countries from 1942 to 1944.

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Roman Catholics gave SS General Wolff a corresponding order to prepare for the action.

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Roman Catholics instituted World Youth Day as a "worldwide encounter with the pope" for young people; it is held every two to three years.

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Roman Catholics travelled more than any other pope, visiting 129 countries, and used television and radio as means of spreading the church's teachings.

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Roman Catholics emphasised the dignity of work and natural rights of labourers to have fair wages and safe conditions in Laborem exercens.

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Roman Catholics emphasised several church teachings, including moral exhortations against abortion, euthanasia, and against widespread use of the death penalty, in Evangelium Vitae.

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Roman Catholics was known for upholding traditional Christian values against secularisation, and for increasing use of the Tridentine Mass as found in the Roman Missal of 1962, which he titled the "Extraordinary Form".

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Roman Catholics's resignation has caused controversy among a minority of Catholics who say Benedict did not fully resign the papacy.

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Roman Catholics's installation was attended by Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the first time since the Great Schism of 1054 that the Eastern Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople has attended a papal installation.

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The Roman Catholics Curia has a specific department, the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, to maintain relations with them.

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Roman Catholics believe that Jesus Christ is the "Second Person" of the Trinity, God the Son.

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Roman Catholics are normally obliged to abstain from eating for at least an hour before receiving the sacrament.

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Non-Roman Catholics are ordinarily prohibited from receiving the Eucharist as well.

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Roman Catholics Rite is the most common rite of worship used by the Catholic Church, with the Ordinary Form of the Roman Catholics Rite form of the Mass.

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The present ordinary form of Mass in the Roman Catholics Rite, found in the post-1969 editions of the Roman Catholics Missal, is usually celebrated in the local vernacular language, using an officially approved translation from the original text in Latin.

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An instruction issued four years later spoke of the two forms or usages of the Roman Catholics Rite approved by the pope as the ordinary form and the extraordinary form .

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Pope Pius V's Roman Catholics Missal was subjected to minor revisions by Pope Clement VIII in 1604, Pope Urban VIII in 1634, Pope Pius X in 1911, Pope Pius XII in 1955, and Pope John XXIII in 1962.

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Since 2014, clergy in the small personal ordinariates set up for groups of former Anglicans under the terms of the 2009 document Anglicanorum Coetibus are permitted to use a variation of the Roman Catholics Rite called "Divine Worship" or, less formally, "Ordinariate Use", which incorporates elements of the Anglican liturgy and traditions, an accommodation protested by Anglican leaders.

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Many Western Roman Catholics have voiced significant disagreement with the church's teaching on contraception.

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Use of natural family planning methods among United States Roman Catholics purportedly is low, although the number cannot be known with certainty.

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