103 Facts About Jesus Christ


Jesus Christ is the central figure of Christianity, the world's largest religion.

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Jesus Christ was a Galilean Jew who underwent circumcision, was baptized by John the Baptist, and began his own ministry.

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Jesus Christ's teachings were initially conserved by oral transmission and he himself was often referred to as "rabbi".

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Jesus Christ debated with fellow Jews on how to best follow God, engaged in healings, taught in parables and gathered followers.

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Jesus Christ was arrested and tried by the Jewish authorities, turned over to the Roman government, and crucified on the order of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect of Jerusalem.

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Christian doctrines include the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin named Mary, performed miracles, founded the Christian Church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement for sin, rose from the dead, and ascended into Heaven, from where he will return.

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Jesus Christ's crucifixion is honored on Good Friday and his resurrection on Easter Sunday.

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In Islam, Jesus Christ is considered the penultimate prophet of God and the messiah.

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Muslims believe Jesus Christ was born of the virgin Mary, but was neither God nor a son of God.

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In contrast, Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus Christ was the awaited messiah, arguing that he did not fulfill messianic prophecies, and was neither divine nor resurrected.

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Typical Jew in Jesus Christ' time had only one name, sometimes followed by the phrase "son of [father's name]", or the individual's hometown.

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Jesus Christ's will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.

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The word Jesus Christ was a title or office, not a given name.

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In Mark, Jesus Christ is the Son of God whose mighty works demonstrate the presence of God's Kingdom.

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Jesus Christ is a tireless wonder worker, the servant of both God and man.

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The Gospel of Matthew emphasizes that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of God's will as revealed in the Old Testament, and the Lord of the Church.

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Jesus Christ is the friend of sinners and outcasts, come to seek and save the lost.

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Jesus Christ is not only greater than any past human prophet but greater than any prophet could be.

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Matthew and Luke each describe Jesus Christ' birth, especially that Jesus Christ was born to a virgin named Mary in Bethlehem in fulfillment of prophecy.

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Matthew focuses on an event after the Luke Nativity where Jesus Christ was an infant.

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Jesus Christ is called a te?t?? in Mark 6:3, traditionally understood as carpenter but it could cover makers of objects in various materials, including builders.

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The Gospels indicate that Jesus Christ could read, paraphrase, and debate scripture, but this does not necessarily mean that he received formal scribal training.

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Synoptic accounts of Jesus Christ' baptism are all preceded by information about John the Baptist.

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Later, Jesus Christ identifies John as "the Elijah who was to come", the prophet who was expected to arrive before the "great and terrible day of the Lord".

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The first takes place north of Judea, in Galilee, where Jesus Christ conducts a successful ministry, and the second shows Jesus Christ rejected and killed when he travels to Jerusalem.

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Notably, Jesus Christ forbids those who recognize him as the messiah to speak of it, including people he heals and demons he exorcises .

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The Baptist sees Jesus Christ and calls him the Lamb of God; the two hear this and follow Jesus Christ.

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Jesus Christ calls people to repent their sins and to devote themselves completely to God.

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Jesus Christ tells his followers to adhere to Jewish law, although he is perceived by some to have broken the law himself, for example regarding the Sabbath.

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In John, Jesus Christ' miracles are described as "signs", performed to prove his mission and divinity.

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In John's Gospel, Jesus Christ is presented as unpressured by the crowds, who often respond to his miracles with trust and faith.

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The gospel episodes that include descriptions of the miracles of Jesus Christ often include teachings, and the miracles themselves involve an element of teaching.

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Description of the last week of the life of Jesus Christ occupies about one third of the narrative in the canonical gospels, starting with Jesus Christ' triumphal entry into Jerusalem and ending with his Crucifixion.

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Jesus Christ next expels the money changers from the Second Temple, accusing them of turning it into a den of thieves through their commercial activities.

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Jesus Christ warns that these wonders will occur in the lifetimes of the hearers.

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Jesus Christ comes into conflict with the Jewish elders, such as when they question his authority and when he criticizes them and calls them hypocrites.

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In John, Jesus Christ has already cleansed the Second Temple during an earlier Passover visit to Jerusalem.

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Jesus Christ then has them all drink from a cup, saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood, " The Christian sacrament or ordinance of the Eucharist is based on these events.

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In Matthew 26:57, Mark 14:53 and Luke 22:54, Jesus Christ is taken to the house of the high priest, Caiaphas, where he is mocked and beaten that night.

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In Matthew and Luke, Jesus Christ' answer is more ambiguous: in Matthew 26:64 he responds, "You have said so", and in Luke 22:70 he says, "You say that I am".

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Jesus Christ gives the people a choice between Jesus and a murderer called Barabbas .

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At Calvary, Jesus Christ is offered a sponge soaked in a concoction usually offered as a painkiller.

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Jesus Christ tells the beloved disciple to take care of his mother.

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Since the 18th century, three separate scholarly quests for the historical Jesus Christ have taken place, each with distinct characteristics and based on different research criteria, which were often developed during the quest that applied them.

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Approaches to the historical reconstruction of the life of Jesus Christ have varied from the "maximalist" approaches of the 19th century, in which the gospel accounts were accepted as reliable evidence wherever it is possible, to the "minimalist" approaches of the early 20th century, where hardly anything about Jesus Christ was accepted as historical.

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For example, Thomas confirms that Jesus Christ blessed the poor and that this saying circulated independently before being combined with similar sayings in the Q source.

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Early non-Christian sources that attest to the historical existence of Jesus include the works of the historians Josephus and Tacitus.

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Scholars generally consider Tacitus's reference to the execution of Jesus Christ to be both authentic and of historical value as an independent Roman source.

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Second, they present a rough picture of Jesus that is compatible with that found in the Christian sources: that Jesus was a teacher, had a reputation as a miracle worker, had a brother James, and died a violent death.

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Recent archaeological work, for example, indicates that Capernaum, a city important in Jesus Christ' ministry, was poor and small, without even a forum or an agora.

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Jesus Christ was a Galilean Jew, born around the beginning of the 1st century, who died in 30 or 33 AD in Judea.

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The general scholarly consensus is that Jesus Christ was a contemporary of John the Baptist and was crucified as ordered by the Roman governor Pontius Pilate, who held office from 26 to 36 AD.

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Date range for Jesus Christ' ministry has been estimated using several different approaches.

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Geza Vermes says that the doctrine of the virgin birth of Jesus Christ arose from theological development rather than from historical events.

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Sanders says that the genealogies of Jesus Christ are based not on historical information but on the authors' desire to show that Jesus Christ was the universal Jewish savior.

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The Gospel of Luke reports that Jesus Christ was a blood relative of John the Baptist, but scholars generally consider this connection to be invented.

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Jesus Christ taught about the Jewish Law, seeking its true meaning, sometimes in opposition to other traditions.

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Jesus Christ put love at the center of the Law, and following that Law was an apocalyptic necessity.

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Funk and Hoover note that typical of Jesus Christ were paradoxical or surprising turns of phrase, such as advising one, when struck on the cheek, to offer the other cheek to be struck as well.

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Gospels portray Jesus Christ teaching in well-defined sessions, such as the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew or the parallel Sermon on the Plain in Luke.

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Jesus Christ chose twelve disciples, evidently as an apocalyptic message.

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Sanders says that Jesus Christ' mission was not about repentance, although he acknowledges that this opinion is unpopular.

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Jesus Christ argues that repentance appears as a strong theme only in Luke, that repentance was John the Baptist's message, and that Jesus' ministry would not have been scandalous if the sinners he ate with had been repentant.

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Jesus Christ taught that an apocalyptic figure, the "Son of Man", would soon come on clouds of glory to gather the elect, or chosen ones.

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The tradition is ambiguous enough to leave room for debate as to whether Jesus Christ defined his eschatological role as that of the messiah.

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Bart Ehrman argues that Jesus Christ did consider himself to be the messiah, albeit in the sense that he would be the king of the new political order that God would usher in, not in the sense that most people today think of the term.

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Jesus Christ caused a disturbance in the Second Temple, which was the center of Jewish religious and civil authority.

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Gospels say that Jesus Christ was betrayed to the authorities by a disciple, and many scholars consider this report to be highly reliable.

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Jesus Christ was executed on the orders of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect of Judaea.

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The Sadducean high-priestly leaders of the Temple more plausibly had Jesus Christ executed for political reasons than for his teaching.

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The followers of Jesus Christ formed a community to wait for his return and the founding of his kingdom.

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The portraits of Jesus Christ constructed in these quests often differ from each other, and from the image portrayed in the Gospels.

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Jesus Christ is seen as the founder of, in the words of Sanders, a "renewal movement within Judaism".

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Since the 18th century, scholars have occasionally put forth that Jesus Christ was a political national messiah, but the evidence for this portrait is negligible.

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Likewise, the proposal that Jesus Christ was a Zealot does not fit with the earliest strata of the Synoptic tradition.

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Jesus Christ grew up in Galilee and much of his ministry took place there.

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Jesus Christ likely had a beard that was not particularly long or heavy.

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Stories of Jesus Christ' birth, along with other key events, have so many mythic elements that some scholars have suggested that Jesus Christ himself was a myth.

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Christian views of Jesus are derived from various sources, including the canonical gospels and New Testament letters such as the Pauline epistles and the Johannine writings.

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Jesus Christ is thus seen as the new and last Adam, whose obedience contrasts with Adam's disobedience.

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Judaism rejects the idea of Jesus Christ being God, or a mediator to God, or part of a Trinity.

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Jews argue that Jesus Christ did not fulfill prophesies to build the Third Temple, gather Jews back to Israel, bring world peace, and unite humanity under the God of Israel.

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Judaic criticism of Jesus Christ is long-standing, and includes a range of stories in the Talmud, written and compiled from the 3rd to the 5th century AD.

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The Mishneh Torah, a late 12th-century work of Jewish law written by Moses Maimonides, states that Jesus Christ is a "stumbling block" who makes "the majority of the world to err and serve a god other than the Lord".

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Jesus Christ is considered one of the four prophets, along with Zoroaster, Gautama Buddha and Mani.

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Major figure in Islam, Jesus Christ is considered to be a messenger of God and the messiah who was sent to guide the Children of Israel with a new scripture, the Gospel .

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Belief in Jesus Christ is a requirement for being a Muslim.

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The Quran mentions Jesus Christ by name 25 times—more often than Muhammad—and emphasizes that Jesus Christ was a mortal human who, like all other prophets, had been divinely chosen to spread God's message.

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Jesus Christ is called a "spirit from God" because he was born through the action of the Spirit, but that belief does not imply his pre-existence.

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However, Jesus is a central figure in Islamic eschatology: Muslims believe that he will return to Earth at the end of time and defeat the Antichrist by killing him.

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Jesus Christ says that Mary, the mother of Jesus, is a metaphor for someone who nurtured and instructed Jesus, rather than physically giving birth to him.

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Qadi al-Nu'man explains that Jesus Christ was from the pure progeny of Abraham, just as Ali and his sons were from the pure progeny of Muhammad, through Fatima.

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In Baha'i thought, Jesus Christ was a perfect incarnation of God's attributes, but Baha'i teachings reject the idea that "ineffable essence" of the Divinity was contained within a single human body because of their beliefs regarding "omnipresence and transcendence of the essence of God".

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In Christian Gnosticism, Jesus was sent from the divine realm and provided the secret knowledge necessary for salvation.

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Some Gnostics were docetics, believed that Jesus Christ did not have a physical body, but only appeared to possess one.

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Paramahansa Yogananda, an Indian guru, taught that Jesus Christ was the reincarnation of Elisha and a student of John the Baptist, the reincarnation of Elijah.

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Antony Theodore in the book Jesus Christ in Love writes that there is an underlying oneness of Jesus' teachings with the messages contained in Quran, Vedas, Upanishads, Talmud and Avesta.

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Thereafter, despite the lack of biblical references or historical records, a wide range of depictions of Jesus Christ appeared during the last two millennia, often influenced by cultural settings, political circumstances and theological contexts.

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The use of depictions of Jesus Christ is advocated by the leaders of denominations such as Anglicans and Catholics and is a key element of the Eastern Orthodox tradition.

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Jesus Christ is typically joined by Mary, Joseph, animals, shepherds, angels, and the Magi.

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However, throughout the history of Christianity, a number of relics attributed to Jesus have been claimed, although doubt has been cast on them.

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Similarly, while experts debate whether Jesus Christ was crucified with three nails or with four, at least thirty holy nails continue to be venerated as relics across Europe.

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Some relics, such as purported remnants of the crown of thorns placed on the head of Jesus Christ, receive only a modest number of pilgrims, while the Shroud of Turin, has received millions, including popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI.

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