33 Facts About Turin


Turin is sometimes called "the cradle of Italian liberty" for having been the political and intellectual centre of the Risorgimento as well as the birthplace of notable individuals who contributed to it, such as Cavour.

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Turin is home to much of the Italian automotive industry, hosting the headquarters of FIAT, Lancia and Alfa Romeo.

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Turin is well known for its Baroque, Rococo, Neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture.

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Turin's attractions make it one of the world's top 250 tourist destinations and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008.

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Turin is worldwide famous for icons like the gianduja, the Holy Shroud, the automobile brand FIAT and the association football club Juventus, which competes with its rival Torino in the Derby della Mole, the city's derby.

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The city, among other events, was one of the host cities of the 1934 and 1990 FIFA World Cups, along with hosting the 2006 Winter Olympics; Turin hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 2022 and is hosting the tennis ATP Finals from 2021 until 2025.

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Turin reached about 5, 000 inhabitants at the time, all living inside the high city walls.

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In 1861, Turin became the capital of the newly proclaimed united Kingdom of Italy having been the political and intellectual centre of the Risorgimento movement, until 1865, when the capital was moved to Florence, and then to Rome after the 1870 conquest of the Papal States.

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Turin was then a target of Allied strategic bombing during World War II, being heavily damaged by the air raids in its industrial areas as well as in the city centre.

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Turin was not captured by the Allies until the end of Spring Offensive of 1945.

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The number of immigrants was so big that Turin was said to be "the third southern Italian city after Naples and Palermo".

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Turin is split up into 8 boroughs, locally called circoscrizioni; these do not necessarily correspond to the historical districts of the city, which are rather called quartieri, rioni, borghi, borgate or zone.

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Just behind Piazza Castello stands the Turin Cathedral, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, which is the major church of the city.

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In 1961, during the celebrations of Italia61, an important international exhibition (FLOR61: Flowers of the world in Turin) took place in the park with 800 exhibitors from 19 countries.

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Turin's was made Countess of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda, but never Queen of Italy.

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Turin developed as a Fordist city in the early twentieth century, which meant a shift from a service-based economy to an industry-based one.

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Tech and innovation industries are booming in Turin, which was ranked third in number of innovative startups and firms in the information-tech sector, and has some of the most patent applications to the European Patent Office of any city.

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Turin is home to Palazzo Chiablese, the Royal Armoury, the Royal Library, Palazzo Madama, Palazzo Carignano, Villa della Regina, and the Valentino Castle.

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In recent years, Turin has become an increasingly popular tourist destination, ranking 203rd in the world and tenth in Italy in 2008, with about 240, 000 tourist arrivals.

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Artists born in Turin include the sculptor Umberto Mastroianni and the architect Carlo Mollino.

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The contest took place at the Pala Alpitour, with both semi-finals of the contest took place on 10 and 12 May, and the grand final on 14 May It was the first time that Turin has hosted the contest and the third time that Italy has hosted the contest overall, with the last being in Rome in 1991.

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Literary centre for many centuries, Turin began to attract writers only after the establishment of the court of the Dukes of Savoy.

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Turin had a very important role in Italian literature after World War II.

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Turin had an Astronomical observatory where was active Giovanni Plana.

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Turin is home to one of Italy's principal national newspapers, La Stampa, and the sports daily newspaper Tuttosport.

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Turin is the largest city to have ever hosted a Winter Olympics, and was the largest metropolitan area to host them at the time.

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Turin is the Italian city where film chromatography was first established.

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Turin-based company Ambrosio Film, established in 1906 by Arturo Ambrosio, was one of the leading forces in Italian cinema and boosted the importance of the city as a filmmaking destination.

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Turin, noted in particular for its historical epics, produced a large number of films until it was dissolved in 1924.

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Today Turin is one of the main cinematographic and television centres in Italy, thanks to the role of the Turin Film Commission that reports the production of many feature films, soap operas and commercials.

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Turin became the capital of the tsar for The Demons of St Petersberg.

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Turin is well known for its chocolate production, especially for its traditional, ingot-shaped chocolate called gianduiotto, named after Gianduja, a local commedia dell'arte mask.

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Turin is home to one of Italy's oldest universities, the University of Turin, including its affiliated Collegio Carlo Alberto, which ranks among the best universities in the country.

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