59 Facts About Naples


Naples is considered a capital of the Baroque, beginning with the artist Caravaggio's career in the 17th century and the artistic revolution he inspired.

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Between 1925 and 1936, Naples was expanded and upgraded by Benito Mussolini's government.

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Since the late 20th century, Naples has had significant economic growth, helped by the construction of the Centro Direzionale business district and an advanced transportation network, which includes the Alta Velocita high-speed rail link to Rome and Salerno and an expanded subway network.

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Naples is the third-largest urban economy in Italy by GDP, after Milan and Rome.

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Naples is known for its natural beauties, such as Posillipo, Phlegraean Fields, Nisida and Vesuvius.

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Restaurants in the Naples' area have earned the most stars from the Michelin Guide of any Italian province.

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Naples was expected to keep in contact with the Exarchate of Ravenna, which was the centre of Byzantine power on the Italian Peninsula.

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Naples allied with the Muslim Saracens in 836 and asked for their support to repel the siege of Lombard troops coming from the neighbouring Duchy of Benevento.

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Naples thus joined the Kingdom of Sicily, with Palermo as the capital.

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Many examples of Gothic architecture sprang up around Naples, including the Naples Cathedral, which remains the city's main church.

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The Angevin Kingdom of Naples included the southern part of the Italian peninsula, while the island of Sicily became the Aragonese Kingdom of Sicily.

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Sicily and Naples were separated since 1282, but remained dependencies of Aragon under Ferdinand I The new dynasty enhanced Naples' commercial standing by establishing relations with the Iberian Peninsula.

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Naples became a centre of the Renaissance, with artists such as Laurana, da Messina, Sannazzaro and Poliziano arriving in the city.

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In 1501, Naples came under direct rule from France under Louis XII, with the Neapolitan king Frederick being taken as a prisoner to France; however, this state of affairs did not last long, as Spain won Naples from the French at the Battle of Garigliano in 1503.

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In 1714, Spanish rule over Naples came to an end as a result of the War of the Spanish Succession; the Austrian Charles VI ruled the city from Vienna through viceroys of his own.

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In 1755, the Duke of Noja commissioned an accurate topographic map of Naples, later known as the Map of the Duke of Nojo, employing rigorous surveying accuracy and becoming an essential urban planning tool for Naples.

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In 1839, Naples became the first city on the Italian peninsula to have a railway, with the construction of the Naples–Portici railway.

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Naples was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II.

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The symbol of the rebirth of Naples was the rebuilding of the church of Santa Chiara, which had been destroyed in a United States Army Air Corps bombing raid.

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Naples hosted the sixth World Urban Forum in September 2012 and the 63rd International Astronautical Congress in October 2012.

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Naples has a total of 448 historical churches, making it one of the most Catholic cities in the world in terms of the number of places of worship.

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In 1995, the historic centre of Naples was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, a United Nations programme which aims to catalogue and conserve sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of mankind.

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Naples is one of the most ancient cities in Europe, whose contemporary urban fabric preserves the elements of its long and eventful history.

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Naples is well known for its castles: The most ancient is Castel dell'Ovo, which was built on the tiny islet of Megarides, where the original Cumaean colonists had founded the city.

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Naples is widely known for its wealth of historical museums.

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In front of the Royal Palace of Naples stands the Galleria Umberto I, which contains the Coral Jewellery Museum.

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Naples is the seat of the Archdiocese of Naples; there are hundreds of churches in the city.

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Naples is noted for its numerous stately villas, fountains and stairways, such as the Neoclassical Villa Floridiana, the Fountain of Neptune and the Pedamentina stairways.

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Naples has a Mediterranean climate in the Koppen climate classification.

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The climate and fertility of the Gulf of Naples made the region famous during Roman times, when emperors such as Claudius and Tiberius holidayed near the city.

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Naples currently has a higher birth rate than other parts of Italy, with 10.

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Naples's population rose from 621, 000 in 1901 to 1, 226, 000 in 1971, declining to 910, 000 in 2022 as city dwellers moved to the suburbs.

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Statistics show that, in the past, the vast majority of immigrants in Naples were female; this happened because male immigrants in Italy tended to head to the wealthier north.

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Naples is noted for its numerous higher education institutes and research centres.

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Naples is served by the "Second University", a modern university which opened in 1989, and which has strong links to the nearby province of Caserta.

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Since World War II, the political landscape of Naples has been neither strongly right-wing nor left-wing – both Christian democrats and democratic socialists have governed the city at different times, with roughly equal frequency.

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Naples is a major cargo terminal, and the port of Naples is one of the Mediterranean's largest and busiest.

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Naples is a major national, and international tourist destination, one of Italy's and Europe's top tourist cities.

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Naples is, with Florence, Rome, Venice and Milan, one of the main Italian tourist destinations.

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Daily visits to Naples are carried out by various Roman tour operators and by all the main tourist resorts of Campania: as of 2019, Naples is the tenth most visited municipality in Italy and the first in the South.

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Naples' streets are famously narrow, so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit.

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Naples has an extensive public transport network, including trams, buses and trolleybuses, most of which are operated by the municipally owned company Azienda Napoletana Mobilita.

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Naples has long been a centre of art and architecture, dotted with Medieval-, Baroque- and Renaissance-era churches, castles and palaces.

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Naples is known for its theatres, which are among the oldest in Europe: the Teatro di San Carlo opera house dates back to the 18th century.

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Naples is the home of the artistic tradition of Capodimonte porcelain.

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Naples is internationally famous for its cuisine and wine; it draws culinary influences from the numerous cultures which have inhabited it throughout its history, including the Greeks, Spanish and French.

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Naples is well known for its sweet dishes, including colourful gelato, which is similar to ice cream, though more fruit-based.

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Cultural significance of Naples is often represented through a series of festivals held in the city.

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Naples language, considered to be a distinct language and mainly spoken in the city, is found in the region of Campania and has been diffused into other areas of Southern Italy by Neapolitan migrants, and in many different places in the world.

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Naples is one of the leading centres of Italian literature.

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The Tuscan poet Boccaccio lived for many years at the court of King Robert the Wise and his successor Joanna of Naples, using Naples as a setting for The Decameron and a number of his later novels.

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Naples's works influenced Francesco de Sanctis, who studied in Naples and eventually became Minister of Instruction during the Italian kingdom.

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Naples was one of the centres of the peninsula from which originated the modern theatre genre as nowadays intended, evolving from 16th century "comedy of art".

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Naples has played an important role in the history of Western European art music for more than four centuries.

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Giuliani, who was actually from Apulia but lived and worked in Naples, is widely considered to be one of the greatest guitar players and composers of the 19th century, along with his Catalan contemporary Fernando Sor.

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Naples was the location for several early Italian cinema masterpieces.

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Naples is home to one of the first Italian colour films, Toto in Color, starring Toto (Antonio de Curtis), a famous comedic actor born in Naples.

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Naples has appeared in episodes of TV serials such as The Sopranos and the 1998 version of The Count of Monte Cristo, starring Gerard Depardieu.

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Naples is the birthplace of numerous prominent professional footballers, including Ciro Ferrara and Fabio Cannavaro.

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