26 Facts About Campania


Campania is an administrative region of Italy; most of it is in the south-western portion of the Italian peninsula, but it includes the small Phlegraean Islands and the island of Capri.

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Campania's hinterland was inhabited from the beginning of the 1st millennium BC by the Osci, Samnites and Etruscans while its coastal areas were colonised by the ancient Greeks between the 8th and 7th centuries BC, making those areas part of the so-called Magna Graecia.

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At that time, Capua was Campania's leading city, while Naples was an anomaly, being predominantly Greek-speaking.

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Campania is rich in culture, especially with regard to food, music, architecture, and archaeological and ancient sites—such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, Paestum, Aeclanum, Stabiae, and Velia.

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The name "Campania" is derived from Latin; the Romans knew the region as Campania felix .

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The rich natural beauty of Campania makes it important to the tourism industry: the city of Naples, the Amalfi Coast, Mount Vesuvius, and the islands of Capri and Ischia have long been major attractions.

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Campania was a full-fledged part of the Roman Republic by the end of the 4th century BC, valued for its pastures and rich countryside.

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Campania is famous for its gulfs as well as for three islands .

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GDP per capita in Campania is rank 18 from 20 Italian regions, surpassed only Sicily and Calabria.

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Campania mainly produces fruit and vegetables, but has expanded its production of flowers grown in greenhouses, becoming one of the leading regions of the sector in Italy.

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Campania had a massive automotive industrial production till 2011, focused on Alfa Romeo.

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Politics of Campania, takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.

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Regional Council of Campania is composed of 60 members, of which 47 are elected in provincial constituencies with proportional representation, 12 from the so-called "regional list" of the elected president and the last one is for the candidate for president who comes second, who usually becomes the leader of the opposition in the council.

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Campania is divided into four provinces and one metropolitan city:.

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Campania produces wines including Lacryma Christi, Fiano, Aglianico, Greco di Tufo, Falerno del Massico, Taburno, Solopaca, and Taurasi.

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The cheeses of Campania consist of Mozzarella di Bufala, fiordilatte a mozzarella made from cow's milk, ricotta from sheep or buffalo milk, provolone from cow milk, and caciotta made from goat milk.

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Campania produces many nuts, especially in the area of Avellino, Salerno and Benevento.

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Campania wrote a love story involving a noblewoman close to the King of Naples.

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Campania was the first to theorize infinite suns and infinite worlds in the universe.

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Campania was burnt in Rome by the Spanish Inquisition in 1600.

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Campania contributed to the construction of many neoclassic-style palaces in which the nobles of Naples spent their holidays.

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Campania issued the first modern laws in Europe to protect, defend and preserve archaeological sites.

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Campania deplored their condition, and in April and July, he published two Letters to the Earl of Aberdeen against the Neapolitan government, followed by An Examination of the Official Reply of the Neapolitan Government in 1852.

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Campania is home to the former Prime Minister and 6th President of the Republic Giovanni Leone, as well as the 11th President, Giorgio Napolitano.

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Campania is home to several national football, water polo, volleyball, basketball and tennis clubs.

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Many sailors from Naples and Campania participate as crew in the America's Cup sailing competition.

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