36 Facts About Calabria


Calabria therefore was the first region to be called Italia .

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In Calabria they founded Chone, Cosentia, Clampetia, Scyllaeum, Sybaris, Hipponion, Locri Epizefiri, Kaulon, Krimisa, Kroton, Laus, Medma, Metauros, Petelia, Rhegion, Scylletium, Temesa, Terina, Pandosia and Thurii, .

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The Greek cities of Calabria came under the pressure from these Lucanians, an Oscan people who lived in the present day region of Basilicata.

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Calabria set up his headquarters in Kroton and stayed there for four years until he was recalled to Carthage.

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Calabria contracted malaria and died in Cosentia, probably of fever.

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Calabria was an administrator, politician, scholar and historian who was born in Scylletium .

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Calabria spent most of his career trying to bridge the divides of East and West, Greek and Latin cultures, Romans and Goths, and official Christianity and Arian Christianity, which was the form of Christianity of the Ostrogoths and which had earlier been banned.

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Calabria oversaw the collation of three editions of the Bible in Latin.

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Calabria was praetorian prefect under the successors of Theodoric: under Athalaric in 533 and, between 535 and 537, under Theodahad and Witiges .

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Around the year 800, Saracens began invading the shores of Calabria, attempting to wrest control of the area from the Byzantines.

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Under the Byzantine dominion, between the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century, Calabria was one of the first regions of Italy to introduce silk production to Europe.

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The purpose of this strategic presence in Calabria was to lay the foundations for the Crusades 30 years later, and for the creation of two Kingdoms: the Kingship of Jerusalem, and the Kingdom of Sicily.

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In 1147, Roger II of Sicily attacked Corinth and Thebes, two important centres of Byzantine silk production, capturing the weavers and their equipment and establishing his own silkworks in Calabria, thereby causing the Norman silk industry to flourish.

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Calabria created a kingdom that blended cultures, philosophy and customs and would build several castles while fortifying existing ones which the Normans previously constructed.

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In 1282, under Charles d'Anjou, Calabria became a domain of the newly created Kingdom of Naples, and no longer of the Kingdom of Sicily, after he lost Sicily due to the rebellion of the Sicilian Vespers.

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In 1501 Calabria came under the control of Ferdinand II of Aragon, whose wife Queen Isabella of Castille is famed for sponsoring the first voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492.

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Calabria suffered greatly under Aragonese rule with heavy taxes, feuding landlords, starvation and sickness.

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Calabria introduced a new kind of machine which was able to work the yarns faster and more precisely.

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Calabria experienced a series of peasant revolts as part of the European Revolutions of 1848.

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On 19 August 1860, Calabria was invaded from Sicily by Giuseppe Garibaldi and his Redshirts as part of the Expedition of the Thousand.

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Likewise, the prefects and the policemen of Calabria were conservatives who saw themselves as serving King Victor Emmanuel III first and Mussolini second, but supported Fascism as preferable to Socialism and Communism and persecuted anti-Fascists.

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Traditional elites in Calabria joined the Fascist Party to pursue their own interests, and local branches of Fascist Party were characterized by much jostling for power and influence between elite families.

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Under the Fascist regime, several concentration camps were built in Calabria and used to imprison foreigners whose presence in Italy was considered undesirable, such as Chinese immigrants and foreign Jews together with members of the Roma minority, whose nomadic lifestyle was viewed as anti-social.

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However, the landings in Calabria were a feint and the main Allied blow came on 8 September 1943 with the landing of the American 5th Army at Salerno in Campania that was intended to cut off Axis forces in the Mezzogiorno.

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The Italian troops in Calabria mostly surrendered to the advancing 5th British Division and the 1st Canadian Division while there were relatively few German forces in the region to oppose their advance.

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Under the Allied occupation, some Fascists in Calabria waged a terrorist struggle on behalf of the Salo republic, though significantly many of the Fascists tended to be from well-off families concerned about the possibility of social reforms that might weaken their power and only a minority such as Prince Valerio Pignatelli were ideological Fascists.

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Attempts by the peasants of Calabria to take over the land owned by the elite were usually resisted by the authorities.

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The failure to complete the A3 highway after 52 years of effort is regarded as a scandal in Italy, and many parts of Calabria were described as an "industrial graveyard" full of the closed down steel mills and chemical plants that all went bankrupt.

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Calabria is agriculturally rich, with the Italy's second highest number of organic farmers after Sicily.

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Calabria is the largest producer of porcini mushrooms in Italy, thanks to the heavily wooded forests of the mountains ranges of Pollino, Sila, Serre and Aspromonte.

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Peaches and nectarines from Calabria have greatly improved in terms of flavour, quality, safety and service.

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Calabria has long coast and produce some distinctive fish products:.

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The sea around Calabria is clear, and there is a good level of tourist accommodation.

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In 2012, the Calabria Region unified 11 Azienda Sanitaria Locale into 5 provincial units, when came into force a regional law approved on 11 May 2007.

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Calabria has another patron saint called Saint Bruno of Cologne who was the founder of the Carthusian Order.

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Calabria was an important teacher of Ancient Greek and translator, and he helped Giovanni Boccaccio in the translations of Homer's works.

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