39 Facts About Jerusalem

1. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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2. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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3. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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4. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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5. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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6. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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7. Jerusalem is revered by Muslims as the third holiest place on earth, and the pilgrimage to Jerusalem is viewed as an optional complement to the pilgrimage to Mecca, the hajj.

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8. City Council in occupied Jerusalem ordered the family to pay a fine of 160.000 Shekels.

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9. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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10. Jerusalem is served by Ben Gurion Airport, some 50 kilometres northwest of the Jerusalem, on the route to Tel Aviv.

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11. Jerusalem is the capital city of both Israel and Palestine.

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12. At an elevation of 2,600 feet, Jerusalem belongs to a stretch of mountains known as the Central Mountain Range, or Central Ridge.

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13. Jerusalem is located in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea.

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14. Jerusalem is Islam's third holiest city, after Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia.

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15. Until the 20th century, Jerusalem was a part of the Ottoman Empire.

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16. Jerusalem is about 40 miles east of the Mediterranean Sea.

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17. The Roman Catholic Church in Jerusalem, established in 1099 during the First Crusade, was dissolved when the Muslims won the city in 1244.

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18. Jerusalem is the centre of Jewish religious reverence and aspiration.

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19. Jerusalem is surrounded by mountains so that the forces of the sitra ahra cannot penetrate it (Sefer ha-*Temunah), and the angels of the Shekhinah are the guardians of the walls (Zohar, 2:89b, 240b).

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20. Jerusalem is located on the ridge of the Judean Mountains between the mountains of Beth-El in the north and of Hebron in the south.

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21. East Jerusalem was connected to the Israel water supply network and the water shortage was overcome.

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22. East Jerusalem now turned to the east bank of the Jordan, through which all its relations with the world at large were conducted.

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23. East Jerusalem was entirely cut off from an approach to the Mediterranean coast, and the conversion of the former British military airfield of Qalandiya into a civil airport for the town alleviated its isolation only slightly.

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24. In 1967, the Old City of Jerusalem, including the Temple Mount, was seized by Israeli soldiers, but the Dome of the Rock remains available for worship by Muslims and visitation by others at scheduled times.

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25. The Old CityThe eastern part of Jerusalem is the Old City, a quadrangular area built on two hills and surrounded by a wall completed in 1542 by the Ottoman sultan Sulayman I Within the wall are four quarters.

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26. Jerusalem is the seat of the government of the state of Israel, and the site of the Knesset, Supreme Court, Chief Rabbinate, and the offices of many Jewish institutions.

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27. Jerusalem is home to the headquarters of the Israel Broadcasting Association, which operates two public television stations.

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28. Jerusalem is so central to Jewish culture and civilization that memory of its destruction by imperial Rome and hope for sovereign restoration are included in numerous Jewish customs and holidays.

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29. Jerusalem is the capital of the modern State of Israel.

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30. Jerusalem is the focal point of the three Jewish holidays of Sukkot, Pesach, and Shavuot.

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31. Jerusalem is home to the Palestinian National Theatre, which engages in cultural preservation as well as innovation, working to rekindle Palestinian interest in the arts.

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32. Jerusalem is home to several prestigious universities offering courses in Hebrew, Arabic and English.

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33. In 2005, 2,850 new immigrants settled in Jerusalem, mostly from the United States, France and the former Soviet Union.

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34. Jerusalem is 60 kilometers east of Tel Aviv and the Mediterranean Sea.

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35. Along the southern side of old Jerusalem is the Valley of Hinnom, a steep ravine associated in biblical eschatology with the concept of Gehenna or Hell.

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36. Jerusalem is situated on the southern spur of a plateau in the Judaean Mountains, which include the Mount of Olives and Mount Scopus (North East).

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37. Jerusalem is called Urusalim in the Amarna letters of Abdi-Heba.

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38. Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

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39. In 2015, Jerusalem had a population of some 850,000 residents, comprising approximately 200,000 secular Jewish Israelis, 350,000 Haredi Jews and 300,000 Palestinians.

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