12 Facts About Ancient Greek


Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC.

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Ancient Greek was the language of Homer and of fifth-century Athenian historians, playwrights, and philosophers.

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Ancient Greek was a pluricentric language, divided into many dialects.

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Homeric Ancient Greek is a literary form of Archaic Ancient Greek used in the epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, and in later poems by other authors.

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West vs non-West Ancient Greek is the strongest-marked and earliest division, with non-West in subsets of Ionic-Attic and Aeolic vs Arcadocypriot, or Aeolic and Arcado-Cypriot vs Ionic-Attic.

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Ancient Greek had long and short vowels; many diphthongs; double and single consonants; voiced, voiceless, and aspirated stops; and a pitch accent.

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Latin was emphasized in American colleges, but Greek was required in the Colonial and Early National eras, and the study of ancient Greece became increasingly popular in the mid-to-late Nineteenth Century, the age of American philhellenism.

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Ancient Greek is taught at most major universities worldwide, often combined with Latin as part of the study of classics.

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Ancient Greek is taught as a compulsory subject in all gymnasiums and lyceums in Greece.

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Ancient Greek is used by organizations and individuals, mainly Greek, who wish to denote their respect, admiration or preference for the use of this language.

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Ancient Greek is often used in the coinage of modern technical terms in the European languages: see English words of Greek origin.

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Latinized forms of ancient Greek roots are used in many of the scientific names of species and in scientific terminology.

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