14 Facts About Homeric


Homeric is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential authors of all time.

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Homeric epics were a defining influence on ancient Greek culture and education.

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Poems are in Homeric Greek, known as Epic Greek, a literary language which shows a mixture of features of the Ionic and Aeolic dialects from different centuries; the predominant influence is Eastern Ionic.

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Nonetheless, the aims of Homeric studies have changed over the course of the millennia.

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The earliest modern Homeric scholars started with the same basic approaches towards the Homeric poems as scholars in antiquity.

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In 1664, contradicting the widespread praise of Homer as the epitome of wisdom, Francois Hedelin, abbe d'Aubignac wrote a scathing attack on the Homeric poems, declaring that they were incoherent, immoral, tasteless, and without style, that Homer never existed, and that the poems were hastily cobbled together by incompetent editors from unrelated oral songs.

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The Homeric epics are largely set in the east and center of the Mediterranean, with some scattered references to Egypt, Ethiopia and other distant lands, in a warlike society that resembles that of the Greek world slightly before the hypothesized date of the poems' composition.

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Some aspects of the Homeric world are simply made up; for instance, the Iliad 22.

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Homeric epics are written in an artificial literary language or 'Kunstsprache' only used in epic hexameter poetry.

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Linguistic analysis suggests that the Iliad was composed slightly before the Odyssey, and that Homeric formulae preserve older features than other parts of the poems.

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For instance, the main words of a Homeric sentence are generally placed towards the beginning, whereas literate poets like Virgil or Milton use longer and more complicated syntactical structures.

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Homeric noted that Homer often, when describing frequently recurring activities such as eating, praying, fighting and dressing, used blocks of set phrases in sequence that were then elaborated by the poet.

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Orally transmitted Homeric poems were put into written form at some point between the eighth and sixth centuries BC.

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The idea that the Homeric poems were originally transmitted orally and first written down during the reign of Peisistratos is referenced by the first-century BC Roman orator Cicero and is referenced in a number of other surviving sources, including two ancient Lives of Homer.

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