Pompeii is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy, with approximately 2.
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Pompeii in Latin is a second declension masculine plural noun.
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Pompeii was one of the towns of Campania that rebelled against Rome in the Social Wars and in 89 BC it was besieged by Sulla, who targeted the strategically vulnerable Porta Ercolano with his artillery as can still be seen by the impact craters of thousands of ballista shots in the walls.
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The result was that Pompeii became a Roman colony named Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum.
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From about 20 BC, Pompeii was fed with running water by a spur from the Serino Aqueduct, built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.
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Multidisciplinary volcanological and bio-anthropological study of the eruption products and victims, merged with numerical simulations and experiments, indicates that at Pompeii and surrounding towns heat was the main cause of death of people, previously believed to have died by ash suffocation.
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Pompeii visited Pompeii once after the eruption and again the following year but no work was done on recovery.
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Pompeii's aqueduct passed through and underneath a large part of the city and would have had to pass through many buildings and foundations, as they still can be seen in many places today.
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Pompeii was followed in 1764 by military engineer Franscisco la Vega, who was succeeded by his brother, Pietro, in 1804.
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The land on which Pompeii lies was confiscated, and up to 700 workers were employed in the excavations.
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Pompeii divided the city into today's nine areas and blocks (insulae) and numbered the entrances of the individual houses (domus).
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Objects buried beneath Pompeii were well-preserved for almost 2, 000 years as the lack of air and moisture allowed little to no deterioration.
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However, Pompeii has been exposed to natural and anthropic deterioration following excavation.
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In 1996 the organisation claimed that Pompeii "desperately need[ed] repair" and called for the drafting of a general plan of restoration and interpretation.
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In June 2013, UNESCO warned that if restoration and preservation works "fail to deliver substantial progress in the next two years, " Pompeii could be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
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Pompeii was fortunate to have had fertile soil for crop cultivation.
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The nutrient-rich lands near Pompeii were extremely efficient and often capable of largely exceeding these requirements, providing the incentive for local wineries to establish themselves.
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Pompeii has been a popular tourist destination for over 250 years; it was on the Grand Tour.
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Pompeii is a driving force behind the economy of the nearby town of Pompei.
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Originally built by Giuseppe Fiorelli between 1873 and 1874, the Antiquarium of Pompeii began as an exhibition venue displaying archaeological finds that represented the daily life of the ancient city.
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Pompeii featured in the second episode of the fourth season of revived BBC science fiction series Doctor Who, named "The Fires of Pompeii", which featured Caecilius as a character.
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Pompeii is a 2003 Robert Harris novel featuring an account of the aquarius's race to fix the broken aqueduct in the days before the eruption of Vesuvius.
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Pompeii is a 2014 German-Canadian historical disaster film produced and directed by Paul W S Anderson.
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