14 Facts About Christian Church


Christian Church is an ecclesiological term referring to what different Christian denominations conceive of as being the true body of Christians or the original institution established by Jesus.

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Many Protestant Christians, the Christian Church has two components: the church visible, institutions in which "the Word of God purely preached and listened to, and the sacraments administered according to Christ's institution", as well as the church invisible—all "who are truly saved".

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Four Marks of the Christian Church first expressed in the Nicene Creed are that the Christian Church is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.

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Christian Church gradually spread throughout the Roman Empire and beyond, gaining major establishments in cities such as Jerusalem, Antioch, and Edessa.

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The Christian Church was legalized in the Roman empire, and then promoted by Emperors Constantine I and Theodosius I in the 4th century as the State Christian Church of the Roman Empire.

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Church Fathers like Ignatius of Antioch, Irenaeus, Tertullian and Cyprian held to the view that the Christian Church was a visible entity, not an invisible body of believers.

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The Church came to be a central and defining institution of the Empire, especially in the East or Byzantine Empire, where Constantinople came to be seen as the center of the Christian world, owing in great part to its economic and political power.

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Once the Western Empire fell to Germanic incursions in the 5th century, the Christian Church became for centuries the primary link to Roman civilization for medieval Western Europe and an important channel of influence in the West for the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, emperors.

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In 1448, not long before the Byzantine Empire collapsed, the Russian Orthodox Christian Church gained independence from the Patriarch of Constantinople.

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Catholic Christian Church teaches in its doctrine that it is the original church founded by Christ on the Apostles in the 1st century AD.

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Catholic Church teaches that only corporate bodies of Christians led by bishops with valid holy orders can be recognized as "churches" in the proper sense.

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Local Evangelical Christian Church is the organization that represents the universal Christian Church and is seen by evangelicals as the body of Jesus Christ.

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Individual Christian Church groups vary widely in the degree to which they recognize one another.

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Many Anglicans, Lutherans, Old Catholics, and Independent Catholics view unity as a mark of catholicity, but see the institutional unity of the Catholic Christian Church as manifested in the shared apostolic succession of their episcopacies, rather than a shared episcopal hierarchy or rites.

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