23 Facts About Tridentine Mass


Tridentine Mass, known as the Traditional Latin Mass or Traditional Rite, is the liturgy of Mass in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church that appears in typical editions of the Roman Missal published from 1570 to 1962.

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Edition promulgated by Pope John XXIII in 1962 and Tridentine Mass celebrated in accordance with it are described in the 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum as an authorized form of the Church's liturgy, and sometimes spoken of as the Extraordinary Form, or the usus antiquior .

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The 1962 Tridentine Mass is sometimes referred to as the "usus antiquior" or "forma antiquior", to differentiate it from the Mass of Paul VI, again in the sense of being the only one of the older forms for which authorization has been granted.

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Portions of these circumstances for celebration of the 1962 Tridentine Mass were replaced and abrogated by Pope Francis's motu proprio Traditionis Custodes in 2021, imposing additional restrictions.

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Term "Tridentine Mass" applies to celebrations in accordance with the successive editions of the Roman Missal whose title attribute them to the Council of Trent and to the pope or popes who made the revision represented in the edition in question.

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Sometimes the term "Tridentine Mass" is applied restrictively to Masses in which the final 1962 edition of the Tridentine Roman Missal is used, the only edition still authorized, under certain conditions, as an extraordinary form of the Roman Rite Mass.

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The term "Tridentine Mass Rite" is sometimes met with, but Pope Benedict XVI declared it inappropriate to speak of the 1962 version and that published by later Popes as if they were two "rites".

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Traditionalist Catholics, whose best-known characteristic is an attachment to the Tridentine Mass, frequently refer to it as the "Traditional Mass" or the "Traditional Latin Mass".

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Tridentine Mass allowed only those rites that were at least 200 years old to survive the promulgation of his 1570 Missal.

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Part of that earlier Tridentine Mass was revived in the Tridentine Mass that Pope Pius IX ordered to be used on the feast.

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John XXIII's 1960 Code of Rubrics were incorporated in the final 1962 typical edition of the Tridentine Mass Missal, replacing both Pius X's "Additions and Changes in the Rubrics of the Missal" and the earlier "General Rubrics of the Missal".

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Later editions add, after the three that in the original Missal are only optional, prayers to the Blessed Virgin, Saint Joseph, all the angels and saints, and the saint whose Tridentine Mass is to be celebrated, but, as has been said, treats as optional all the prayers before Tridentine Mass, even those originally given as obligatory.

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Original Tridentine Missal proposes for recitation by the priest after Mass three prayers, including the Adoro te devote.

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Participation of the congregation at the Tridentine Mass is interior, involving eye and heart, and exterior by mouth.

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Tridentine Mass revised the rubrics to the Order of Mass and the Breviary.

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Permission was given for use, only in Tridentine Mass celebrated with the people, of the vernacular language, especially in the Biblical readings and the reintroduced Prayers of the Faithful, but, "until the whole of the Ordinary of the Tridentine Mass has been revised, " in the chants and in the parts that involved dialogue with the people, and in the Our Father, which the people could now recite entirely together with the priest.

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The Canon of the Tridentine Mass, which continued to be recited silently, was kept in Latin.

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Three years later, the instruction Tres abhinc annos of 4 May 1967 gave permission for use of the vernacular even in the Canon of the Tridentine Mass, and allowed it to be said audibly and even, in part, to be chanted; the vernacular could be used even at Tridentine Mass celebrated without the people being present.

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Opponents of the revision of the Tridentine Mass liturgy argue, citing opinion poll evidence in their support, that the revision contributed to this decline.

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In England and Wales, occasional celebrations of the Tridentine Mass were allowed in virtue of what became known as the "Agatha Christie indult".

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Tridentine Mass criticized the erratic way in which, contrary to official policy, many priests celebrated the post-Vatican II form.

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Tridentine Mass replaced with new rules those of Quattuor Abhinc Annos on use of the older form: essentially, authorization for using the 1962 form for parish Masses and those celebrated on public occasions such as a wedding is devolved from the local bishop to the priest in charge of a church, and "any priest of the Latin rite" may use the 1962 Roman Missal in "Masses celebrated without the people", a term that does not exclude attendance by other worshippers, lay or clergy.

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In December 2021, in an interview with the National Catholic Register, Arthur Roche, the Prefect for the Congregation in charge of the implementation of Traditionis Custodes, reiterated Pope Francis' statement that the Tridentine Mass according to the Missal promulgated by Paul VI and John Paul II, is "the unique expression of the lex orandi of the Roman Rite".

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