46 Facts About Saint Petersburg


In Russia, Saint Petersburg is historically and culturally associated with the birth of the Russian Empire and Russia's entry into modern history as a European great power.

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The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Saint Petersburg has been traditionally called the "Window to Europe" and the "Window to the West" by the Russians.

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Saint Petersburg needed a better seaport than the country's main one at the time, Arkhangelsk, which was on the White Sea in the far north and closed to shipping during the winter.

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Saint Petersburg surpassed Moscow in population and industrial growth; it developed as one of the largest industrial cities in Europe, with a major naval base, river, and seaport.

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In 1995 a northern section of the Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line of the Saint Petersburg Metro was cut off by underground flooding, creating a major obstacle to the city development for almost ten years.

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Saint Petersburg is on the middle taiga lowlands along the shores of the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland, and islands of the river delta.

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Floods in Saint Petersburg are triggered by a long wave in the Baltic Sea, caused by meteorological conditions, winds and shallowness of the Neva Bay.

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The climate of Saint Petersburg is close to that of Helsinki, although colder in winter and warmer in summer because of its more eastern location.

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Since the prefix "Saint Petersburg" was omitted, this act changed the eponym and the "patron" of the city from Saint Petersburg Peter to Peter the Great, its founder.

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Saint Petersburg is a federal subject of Russia .

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The political life of Saint Petersburg is regulated by the Charter of Saint Petersburg adopted by the city legislature in 1998.

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Saint Petersburg has a single-chamber legislature, the Saint Petersburg Legislative Assembly, which is the city's regional parliament.

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Saint Petersburg's was the only woman governor in the whole of Russia until her resignation on 22 August 2011.

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Matviyenko stood for elections as member of the Regional Council of Saint Petersburg and won comprehensively with allegations of rigging and ballot stuffing by the opposition.

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Saint Petersburg is the unofficial but de facto administrative centre of Leningrad Oblast, and of the Northwestern Federal District.

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Major local industries are Admiralty Shipyard, Baltic Shipyard, LOMO, Kirov Plant, Elektrosila, Izhorskiye Zavody; registered in Saint Petersburg are Sovkomflot, Petersburg Fuel Company and SIBUR among other major Russian and international companies.

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Port of Saint Petersburg has three large cargo terminals, Bolshoi Port Saint Petersburg, Kronstadt, and Lomonosov terminal.

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Saint Petersburg Mint, founded in 1724, is one of the largest mints in the world, it mints Russian coins, medals and badges.

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Saint Petersburg is home to the oldest and largest Russian foundry, Monumentskulptura, which made thousands of sculptures and statues that now grace the public parks of Saint Petersburg and many other cities.

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Saint Petersburg has the second-largest construction industry in Russia, including commercial, housing, and road construction.

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In 2015, St Saint Petersburg was ranked in 4th place economically amongst all federal subjects of the Russian Federation, surpassed only by Moscow, the Tyumen and Moscow Region.

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Since 1991 the Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast have been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

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For various reasons, Saint Petersburg has become a unique reserve of European architectural styles of the past three centuries.

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Saint Petersburg is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list as an area with 36 historical architectural complexes and around 4000 outstanding individual monuments of architecture, history and culture.

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Musical life of Saint Petersburg is rich and diverse, with the city now playing host to a number of annual carnivals.

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Contemporary Saint Petersburg ballet is made up not only of traditional Russian classical school but ballets by those like Boris Eifman, who expanded the scope of strict classical Russian ballet to almost unimaginable limits.

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Saint Petersburg is home to more than two hundred museums, many of them in historic buildings.

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Dmitri Shostakovich, who was born and raised in Saint Petersburg, dedicated his Seventh Symphony to the city, calling it the "Leningrad Symphony".

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Saint Petersburg wrote the symphony while based in the city during the siege of Leningrad.

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Saint Petersburg has been home to the newest movements in popular music in the country.

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White Nights Festival in Saint Petersburg is famous for spectacular fireworks and a massive show celebrating the end of the school year.

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Saint Petersburg has a longstanding and world-famous tradition in literature.

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Well over a thousand feature films about tsars, revolution, people and stories set in Saint Petersburg have been produced worldwide but not filmed in the city.

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The first foreign feature movie filmed entirely in Saint Petersburg was the 1997 production of Tolstoy's Anna Karenina, starring Sophie Marceau and Sean Bean and made by an international team of British, American, French and Russian filmmakers.

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St Saint Petersburg has a number of dramatic theatres and drama schools.

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SKA Saint Petersburg is one of the most popular in the KHL, consistently being at or near the top of the league in attendance.

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BC Spartak Saint Petersburg won two championships in the USSR Premier League, two USSR Cups, and a Russian Cup title .

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Saint Petersburg has an extensive city-funded network of public transport and several hundred routes served by marshrutkas.

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Trams in Saint Petersburg used to be the main means of transport; in the 1980s this was the largest tram network globally, but many tracks were dismantled in the 2000s.

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The M11 Neva, known as the Moscow-Saint Petersburg Motorway, is a federal highway, and connects Saint Petersburg to Moscow by a freeway.

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Saint Petersburg is an important transport corridor linking Scandinavia to Russia and Eastern Europe.

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Saint Petersburg has international railway connections to Helsinki, Finland, Berlin, Germany, and many former republics of the USSR.

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Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway opened in 1851, and is 651 kilometers long; the commute to Moscow now requires from three and a half to nine hours.

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One of the oldest air carriers of the Russian Federation Rossiya is registered in Saint Petersburg and is the largest and the base carrier of Pulkovo Airport.

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Milan and Venice were formerly twin cities of Saint Petersburg, but suspended this link due to St Petersburg's ban on "gay propaganda".

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