26 Facts About Tyumen


Tyumen is among the largest cities of the Ural region and the Ural Federal District.

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Tyumen is often regarded as the first Siberian city, from the western direction.

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The central part of Old Tyumen retains many historic buildings from throughout the city's history.

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Tyumen has a humid continental climate with warm, somewhat humid summers and long, cold winters.

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Tyumen stood on the "Tyumen Portage", part of the historical trade route between Central Asia and the Volga region.

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Tyumen had become an important industrial center, known for leatherworkers, blacksmiths, and other craftsmen.

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For some years, Tyumen was Russia's easternmost railhead, and the site of transhipment of cargoes between the railway and the cargo boats plying the Tura, Tobol, Irtysh, and Ob Rivers.

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Additionally, war-time Tyumen became a "hospital city", where thousands of wounded soldiers were treated.

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Between 1941 and 1945 more than 20,000 Tyumen natives fought at the front, and some 6,000 were killed.

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Tyumen is divided into four administrative okrugs: Kalininsky, Leninsky, Tsentralny, and Vostochny.

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Since Tyumen is the administrative center of the oblast, all the governing bodies of the oblast are located in the city.

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Tyumen's population grew steadily from the 16th century through the 19th century.

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Tyumen rapidly became the largest town in the region, with about 30,000 inhabitants by the beginning of the 20th century.

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Tyumen again experienced rapid population growth with the coming of World War II.

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However, within five or six years Tyumen was again a major economic center with a rising population.

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The Tyumen Mosque was completely destroyed, but its reconstruction on the same site caused controversy.

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The Tyumen synagogue collapsed in 2000, but was reconstructed on the same site.

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Tyumen is an important service center for the gas and oil industries in Russia.

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Public transportation in Tyumen is dominated by both municipal bus services and by numerous private operators, which account for nearly a third of all transport capacity.

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Tyumen is a major hub for intercity bus service, centered on the bus terminal, which was constructed in 1972, and greatly expanded between 2006 and 2008.

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Tyumen is served by the international Roschino Airport located 13 kilometres west of the city.

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Tyumen is divided by the Tura River, the Tyumneka River, and the Trans-Siberian Railroad, creating several isolated zones.

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Historically, Tyumen occupied a small area on the high bank of the Tura River around the foundation site of the city.

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When viewed from above, present-day Tyumen appears to be a collection of low-rise towns with occasional clusters of tall buildings.

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Tyumen's nickname is the Capital of Villages because the most of its territory is built up by lumber houses.

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Tyumen has a national level ice hockey team, soccer team and futsal team.

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