11 Facts About Scandinavia


Scandinavia is a subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples.

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Southern regions of Scandinavia, which are the most populous regions, have a temperate climate.

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Scandinavia extends north of the Arctic Circle, but has relatively mild weather for its latitude due to the Gulf Stream.

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The earliest identified source for the name Scandinavia is Pliny the Elder's Natural History, dated to the first century AD.

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Term Scandinavia is ordinarily used locally for Denmark, Norway and Sweden as a subset of the Nordic countries .

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However, in English usage, the term Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym or near-synonym for what are known locally as Nordic countries.

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The majority of the population of Scandinavia today derive their language from several North Germanic tribes who once inhabited the southern part of Scandinavia and spoke a Germanic language that evolved into Old Norse and from Old Norse into Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Faroese, and Icelandic.

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Key ancient description of Scandinavia was provided by Pliny the Elder, though his mentions of and surrounding areas are not always easy to decipher.

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The belief that Scandinavia was an island became widespread among classical authors during the first century and dominated descriptions of Scandinavia in classical texts during the centuries that followed.

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Pliny mentions Scandinavia one more time: in Book VIII he says that the animal called was born on the island of Scandinavia.

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Scandinavia used the name for the biggest, most easterly of the three islands, which according to him were all located east of Jutland.

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