39 Facts About Yemen

1. The Zaydi Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen was established after World War I before the creation of the Yemen Arab Republic in 1962.

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2. Yemen is a member of the Arab League, the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

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3. The historical Yemen included much greater territory than the current nation, stretching from northern 'Asir in southwestern Saudi Arabia to Dhofar in southern Oman.

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4. Under their rule, most of Yemen enjoyed great autonomy except for Aden and Sana'a.

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5. At the time, Yemen was the most advanced region in Arabia.

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6. Yemen was a religious cleric and judge who was invited to come to Saada from Medina to arbitrate tribal disputes.

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7. Yemen tried to capture Sana'a from the Yufirids in 901 AD but failed miserably.

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8. Yemen was in turmoil as Sana'a became a battlefield for the three dynasties, as well as independent tribes.

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9. Sulayhid dynasty was founded in the northern highlands around 1040; at the time, Yemen was ruled by different local dynasties.

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10. Yemen's sent Ismaili missionaries to India, where a significant Ismaili community was formed that exists to this day.

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11. Yemen chose the city of Taiz to become the political capital of the kingdom because of its strategic location and proximity to Aden.

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12. Yemen urged Oais Pasha, the Ottoman colonial governor in Zabid, to attack his father.

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13. Yemen used his authority to take over several castles, some of which belonged to the former Rasulid kings.

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14. Yemen executed a number of sanjak-beys in Egypt and ordered Sinan Pasha to lead the entire Turkish army in Egypt to reconquer Yemen.

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15. Yemen reconquered Aden, Taiz, and Ibb, and besieged Shibam Kawkaban in 1570 for seven months.

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16. Yemen declined at first, but the promotion of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence at the expense of Zaydi Islam infuriated al-Mansur al-Qasim.

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17. Yemen was succeeded by Al-Mutawakkil Isma'il, another son of al-Mansur al-Qasim, who conquered Yemen in its entirety, from Asir in the north to Dhofar in the east.

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18. Yemen dreamed of Greater Yemen stretching from Asir to Dhofar.

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19. The National Liberation Front of Yemen was formed with the leadership of Qahtan Muhammad Al-Shaabi.

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20. On 30 November 1967, the state of South Yemen was formed, comprising Aden and the former Protectorate of South Arabia.

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21. Yemen is in Western Asia, in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and Oman to the east.

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22. Yemen contains six terrestrial ecoregions: Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert, Socotra Island xeric shrublands, Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna, Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands, Arabian Desert, and Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert.

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23. Flora of Yemen is a mixture of the tropical African, Sudanian plant geographical region and the Saharo-Arabian region.

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24. Geography and ruling imams of North Yemen kept the country isolated from foreign influence before 1962.

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25. In February 1989, North Yemen joined Iraq, Jordan, and Egypt in forming the Arab Cooperation Council, an organization created partly in response to the founding of the Gulf Cooperation Council and intended to foster closer economic cooperation and integration among its members.

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26. Yemen is not a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council mainly for its republican government.

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27. Yemen settled its dispute with Eritrea over the Hanish Islands in 1998.

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28. Yemen is ranked last of 135 countries in the 2012 Global Gender Gap Report.

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29. In early 1995, the government of Yemen launched an economic, financial, and administrative reform program with the support of the World Bank and the IMF, as well as international donors.

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30. Yemen is both the poorest country and the most water-scarce country in the Arab world.

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31. Yemen is the birthplace of the Arabs and the language; Qahtanite Arabs —the original Arabs — originated in Yemen and they are the ancestors — at least partially — of all Arab tribes.

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32. Yemen is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that is signatory to two international accords dating back to 1951 and 1967 governing the protection of refugees.

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33. Yemen hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 124,600 in 2007.

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34. Refugees and asylum seekers living in Yemen were predominantly from Somalia, Iraq (11,000), Ethiopia (2,000), and Syria.

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35. Yemen is part of the homeland of the South Semitic languages.

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36. Yemen was ranked 131st in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 129th in 2019.

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37. Yemen is a culturally rich country with influence from many civilizations, such as the early civilization of Saba'.

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38. Radio broadcasting in Yemen began in the 1940s when it was still divided into the South by the British and the North by the Imami ruling system.

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39. Many thought Yemen was the strongest competitor, but it was defeated in the first three matches of the tournament.

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