67 Facts About Yemen


Yemen's constitutionally stated capital, and largest city, is the city of Sanaa.

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The Zaydi Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen was established after World War I before the creation of the Yemen Arab Republic in 1962.

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South Yemen remained a British protectorate as the Aden Protectorate until 1967 when it became an independent state and later, a Marxist-Leninist state.

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Since 2011, Yemen has been in a state of political crisis starting with street protests against poverty, unemployment, corruption, and president Saleh's plan to amend Yemen's constitution and eliminate the presidential term limit.

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Yemen is a member of the Arab League, the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

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The historical Yemen included much greater territory than the current nation, stretching from northern 'Asir in southwestern Saudi Arabia to Dhofar in southern Oman.

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Esimiphaios was displaced in 531 by a warrior named Abraha, who refused to leave Yemen and declared himself an independent king of Himyar.

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Yemen wanted the officially Christian Himyarites to use their influence on the tribes in inner Arabia to launch military operations against Persia.

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Yemen was a religious cleric and judge who was invited to come to Saada from Medina to arbitrate tribal disputes.

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Yemen tried to capture Sana'a from the Yufirids in 901 AD but failed miserably.

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Yemen was in turmoil as Sana'a became a battlefield for the three dynasties, as well as independent tribes.

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Yemen's sent Ismaili missionaries to India, where a significant Ismaili community was formed that exists to this day.

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Yemen subsequently declared himself an independent king by assuming the title "al-Malik Al-Mansur".

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Yemen chose the city of Taiz to become the political capital of the kingdom because of its strategic location and proximity to Aden.

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Yemen's pens used to break our lances and swords to pieces.

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Yemen urged Oais Pasha, the Ottoman colonial governor in Zabid, to attack his father.

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Yemen was considered a competent ruler given Yemen's notorious lawlessness, garrisoning the main cities, building new fortresses, and rendering secure the main routes.

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Yemen used his authority to take over several castles, some of which belonged to the former Rasulid kings.

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Yemen executed a number of sanjak-beys in Egypt and ordered Sinan Pasha to lead the entire Turkish army in Egypt to reconquer Yemen.

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Yemen reconquered Aden, Taiz, and Ibb, and besieged Shibam Kawkaban in 1570 for seven months.

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Hassan Pasha was appointed governor of Yemen and enjoyed a period of relative peace from 1585 to 1597.

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Yemen declined at first, but the promotion of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence at the expense of Zaydi Islam infuriated al-Mansur al-Qasim.

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Yemen was succeeded by Al-Mutawakkil Isma'il, another son of al-Mansur al-Qasim, who conquered Yemen in its entirety, from Asir in the north to Dhofar in the east.

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Some citizens of Sana'a were desperate to return law and order to Yemen and asked the Ottoman Pasha in Tihama to pacify the country.

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Yemen dreamed of Greater Yemen stretching from Asir to Dhofar.

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Yemen continued to follow and attack the Idrisids until Asir fell under the control of the imam's forces, forcing the Idrisi to request an agreement that would enable them to administer the region in the name of the imam.

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That same year, a group of Hejazi liberals fled to Yemen and plotted to expel Ibn Saud from the former Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz, which had been conquered by the Saudis seven years earlier.

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The National Liberation Front of Yemen was formed with the leadership of Qahtan Muhammad Al-Shaabi.

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Yemen was succeeded by his son, but army officers attempted to seize power, sparking the North Yemen Civil War.

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Israel covertly supplied weapons to the royalists to keep the Egyptian military busy in Yemen and make Nasser less likely to initiate a conflict in the Sinai.

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On 30 November 1967, the state of South Yemen was formed, comprising Aden and the former Protectorate of South Arabia.

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However, by the end of the year, Yemen claimed that 3, 000 soldiers had been killed in renewed fighting.

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Since December 2009, U S strikes in Yemen have been carried out by the U S military with intelligence support from the CIA.

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Controversy over U S policy for drone attacks mushroomed after a September 2011 drone strike in Yemen killed Anwar al-Awlaki and Samir Khan, both U S citizens.

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Yemen promptly gave a televised speech rescinding his resignation, condemning the coup, and calling for recognition as the constitutional president of Yemen.

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Yemen has been suffering from a famine since 2016 as a result of the Civil War.

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Yemen is in Western Asia, in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and Oman to the east.

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Yemen can be divided geographically into four main regions: the coastal plains in the west, the western highlands, the eastern highlands, and the Rub' al Khali in the east.

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Yemen contains six terrestrial ecoregions: Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert, Socotra Island xeric shrublands, Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna, Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands, Arabian Desert, and Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert.

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Flora of Yemen is a mixture of the tropical African, Sudanian plant geographical region and the Saharo-Arabian region.

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Geography and ruling imams of North Yemen kept the country isolated from foreign influence before 1962.

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Saudi Arabia remained hostile to any form of political and social reform in Yemen and continued to provide financial support for tribal elites.

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In February 1989, North Yemen joined Iraq, Jordan, and Egypt in forming the Arab Cooperation Council, an organization created partly in response to the founding of the Gulf Cooperation Council and intended to foster closer economic cooperation and integration among its members.

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Yemen is not a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council mainly for its republican government.

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Yemen is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and participates in the nonaligned movement.

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Yemen has acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

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Yemen settled its dispute with Eritrea over the Hanish Islands in 1998.

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The Saudi – Yemen barrier was constructed by Saudi Arabia against an influx of illegal immigrants and against the smuggling of drugs and weapons.

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Yemen is ranked last of 135 countries in the 2012 Global Gender Gap Report.

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Yemen officially abolished slavery in 1962, but it is still being practiced.

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Yemen had reserves of foreign exchange and gold of around $5.

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In early 1995, the government of Yemen launched an economic, financial, and administrative reform program with the support of the World Bank and the IMF, as well as international donors.

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Yemen is both the poorest country and the most water-scarce country in the Arab world.

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Yemen's groundwater is the main source of water in the country but the water tables have dropped severely leaving Yemen without a viable source of water.

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Yemen is the birthplace of the Arabs and the language; Qahtanite Arabs —the original Arabs — originated in Yemen and they are the ancestors — at least partially — of all Arab tribes.

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Yemen is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that is signatory to two international accords dating back to 1951 and 1967 governing the protection of refugees.

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Yemen hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 124, 600 in 2007.

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Refugees and asylum seekers living in Yemen were predominantly from Somalia, Iraq (11, 000), Ethiopia (2, 000), and Syria.

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Yemen is part of the homeland of the South Semitic languages.

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Yemen is number five on Open Doors' 2022 World Watch List, an annual ranking of the 50 countries where Christians face the most extreme persecution.

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Yemen was ranked 131st in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 129th in 2019.

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Yemen is a culturally rich country with influence from many civilizations, such as the early civilization of Saba'.

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Radio broadcasting in Yemen began in the 1940s when it was still divided into the South by the British and the North by the Imami ruling system.

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The Yemen Football Association is a member of FIFA and AFC.

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Yemen's mountains provide many opportunities for outdoor sports, such as biking, rock climbing, trekking, hiking, and other more challenging sports, including mountain climbing.

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Many thought Yemen was the strongest competitor, but it was defeated in the first three matches of the tournament.

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Close to the Red Sea Coast, the historic town of Zabid, inscribed in 1993, was Yemen's capital from the 13th to the 15th century, and is an archaeological and historical site.

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