18 Facts About Red Sea


Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.

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Red Sea has extensive shallow shelves, noted for their marine life and corals.

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Red Sea is a direct translation of the Greek Erythra Thalassa .

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Red Sea is one of four seas named in English after common color terms – the others being the Black Sea, the White Sea and the Yellow Sea.

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Darius the Great of Persia sent reconnaissance missions to the Red Sea, improving and extending navigation by locating many hazardous rocks and currents.

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Climate of the Red Sea is the result of two monsoon seasons; a northeasterly monsoon and a southwesterly monsoon.

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Red Sea is one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world, owing to high evaporation and low precipitation; no significant rivers or streams drain into the sea, and its southern connection to the Gulf of Aden, an arm of the Indian Ocean, is narrow.

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The central Red Sea is therefore almost tideless, and as such the annual water level changes are more significant.

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Coral reefs in the Red Sea are near Egypt, Eritrea, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan.

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Red Sea was formed by the Arabian peninsula being split from the Horn of Africa by movement of the Red Sea Rift.

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Red Sea contains many offshore reefs including several true atolls.

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Divers and snorkellers should be aware that although most Red Sea species are innocuous, a few are hazardous to humans.

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Red Sea serves an important role in the global economy, with cargo vessels travelling between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea every year, thus shortening the path between Asia and Europe almost twice .

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Red Sea is known for its recreational diving sites, such as Ras Mohammed, SS Thistlegorm, Elphinstone Reef, The Brothers, Daedalus Reef, St John's Reef, Rocky Island in Egypt and less known sites in Sudan such as Sanganeb, Abington, Angarosh and Shaab Rumi.

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Red Sea became a popular destination for diving after the expeditions of Hans Hass in the 1950s, and later by Jacques-Yves Cousteau.

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The Red Sea Project is building highest quality accommodation and a wide range of facilities on the coast line in Saudi Arabia.

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Red Sea is part of the sea roads between Europe, the Persian Gulf and East Asia, and as such has heavy shipping traffic.

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Government-related bodies with responsibility to police the Red Sea area include the Port Said Port Authority, Suez Canal Authority and Red Sea Ports Authority of Egypt, Jordan Maritime Authority, Israel Port Authority, Saudi Ports Authority and Sea Ports Corporation of Sudan.

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