24 Facts About Sudan

1. On 1 January 1956, Sudan was duly declared an independent state.

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2. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

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3. Country's name Sudan is a name given historically to the large Sahel region of West Africa to the immediate West of modern day Sudan.

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4. Sudan routed Tantamani near Memphis and, pursuing him, sacked Thebes.

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5. The Egyptian policy of conquest was expanded and intensified by Ibrahim Pasha's son, Isma?il, under whose reign most of the remainder of modern-day Sudan was conquered.

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6. From his announcement of the Mahdiyya in June 1881 until the fall of Khartoum in January 1885, Muhammad Ahmad led a successful military campaign against the Turco-Egyptian government of the Sudan, known as the Turkiyah.

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7. In 1899, Britain and Egypt reached an agreement under which Sudan was run by a governor-general appointed by Egypt with British consent.

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8. In reality, Sudan was effectively administered as a Crown colony.

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9. The continued British administration of Sudan fuelled an increasingly strident nationalist backlash, with Egyptian nationalist leaders determined to force Britain to recognise a single independent union of Egypt and Sudan.

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10. Sudan became a one-party state under the National Congress Party.

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11. The United Nations Mission in Sudan was established under the UN Security Council Resolution 1590 to support its implementation.

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12. Sudan initiated talks with the IMF and World Bank aimed at stabilising the economy, which was in dire straits because of shortages of food, fuel and hard currency.

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13. Rich mineral resources are available in Sudan including asbestos, chromite, cobalt, copper, gold, granite, gypsum, iron, kaolin, lead, manganese, mica, natural gas, nickel, petroleum, silver, tin, uranium and zinc.

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14. Sudan suspended the constitution and dissolved the bicameral parliament — the National Legislature, with its National Assembly and the Council of States (upper chamber).

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15. The 2005 Naivasha Agreement, ending the civil war between north and south Sudan, established some protections for non-Muslims in Khartoum.

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16. In December 2005, Sudan became one of the few states to recognise Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara.

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17. In 2015, Sudan participated in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against the Shia Houthis and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was deposed in the 2011 uprising.

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18. The attention of NGOs shifted shortly after the war broke out in the western part of Sudan known as Darfur.

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19. The most visible organisation in South Sudan is the Operation Lifeline Sudan consortium.

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20. Sudan is a party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.

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21. The vast majority of Arab tribes in Sudan migrated into Sudan in the 12th century, intermarried with the indigenous Nubian and other African populations and gradually introduced Islam.

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22. Northern Sudan listens to different music than the rest of Sudan.

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23. Cinema of Sudan began with cinematography by the British colonial presence in the early 20th century.

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24. Use of photography in Sudan goes back to the 1880s and the Anglo-Egyptian rule.

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