38 Facts About Sudan


Between 1989 and 2019, Sudan experienced a 30-year-long military dictatorship led by Omar al-Bashir, who was accused of human rights abuses, including torture, persecution of minorities, allegations of sponsoring global terrorism, and ethnic genocide due to its actions in the War in the Darfur region that broke out in 2003.

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Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

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Country's name Sudan is a name given historically to the large Sahel region of West Africa to the immediate West of modern day Sudan.

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Sudan routed Tantamani near Memphis and, pursuing him, sacked Thebes.

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Sudan was left in the hands of the Khedivial government, and the mismanagement and corruption of its officials.

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In 1899, Britain and Egypt reached an agreement under which Sudan was run by a governor-general appointed by Egypt with British consent.

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The continued British administration of Sudan fuelled an increasingly strident nationalist backlash, with Egyptian nationalist leaders determined to force Britain to recognise a single independent union of Egypt and Sudan.

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Mussolini made it clear that he could not invade Abyssinia without first conquering Egypt and Sudan; they intended unification of Libya with Italian East Africa.

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Sudan became a one-party state under the National Congress Party.

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The United Nations Mission in Sudan was established under the UN Security Council Resolution 1590 to support its implementation.

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The Chad–Sudan Conflict had erupted after the Battle of Adre triggered a declaration of war by Chad.

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Sudan later broke his promise and sought re-election in 2015, winning through a boycott from the opposition who believed that the elections would not be free and fair.

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Sudan's youth had been reported to be driving the protests.

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Sudan initiated talks with the IMF and World Bank aimed at stabilising the economy, which was in dire straits because of shortages of food, fuel and hard currency.

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Rich mineral resources are available in Sudan including asbestos, chromite, cobalt, copper, gold, granite, gypsum, iron, kaolin, lead, manganese, mica, natural gas, nickel, petroleum, silver, tin, uranium and zinc.

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Politics of Sudan formally took place within the framework of a federal representative democratic republic until April 2019, when President Omar al-Bashir's regime was overthrown in a military coup led by Vice President Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf.

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Sudan suspended the constitution and dissolved the bicameral parliament — the National Legislature, with its National Assembly and the Council of States (upper chamber).

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The 2005 Naivasha Agreement, ending the civil war between north and south Sudan, established some protections for non-Muslims in Khartoum.

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Since the secession of South Sudan there was some uncertainty as to whether Sharia law would apply to the non-Muslim minorities present in Sudan, especially because of contradictory statements by al-Bashir on the matter.

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Sudan has had a troubled relationship with many of its neighbours and much of the international community, owing to what is viewed as its radical Islamic stance.

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Sudan has a territorial dispute with Egypt over the Hala'ib Triangle.

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In December 2005, Sudan became one of the few states to recognise Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara.

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In 2015, Sudan participated in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against the Shia Houthis and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was deposed in the 2011 uprising.

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In June 2019, Sudan was suspended from the African Union over the lack of progress towards the establishment of a civilian-led transitional authority since its initial meeting following the coup d'etat of 11 April 2019.

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In July 2019, UN ambassadors of 37 countries, including Sudan, have signed a joint letter to the UNHRC defending China's treatment of Uyghurs in the Xinjiang region.

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On 23 October 2020, U S President Donald Trump announced that Sudan will start to normalize ties with Israel, making it the third Arab state to do so as part of the U S -brokered Abraham Accords.

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The military of Sudan has become a well-equipped fighting force; a result of increasing local production of heavy and advanced arms.

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Since Sudan has experienced civil war for many years, many non-governmental organisations are involved in humanitarian efforts to help internally displaced people.

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Report published by Human Rights Watch in 2018 revealed that Sudan has made no meaningful attempts to provide accountability for past and current violations.

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In 2010, Sudan was considered the 17th-fastest-growing economy in the world and the rapid development of the country largely from oil profits even when facing international sanctions was noted by The New York Times in a 2006 article.

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The economy of Sudan has been steadily growing over the 2000s, and according to a World Bank report the overall growth in GDP in 2010 was 5.

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Sudan is a party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.

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The vast majority of Arab tribes in Sudan migrated into Sudan in the 12th century, intermarried with the indigenous Nubian and other African populations and gradually introduced Islam.

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Sudan has multiple regional sign languages, which are not mutually intelligible.

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Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox communities exist in Khartoum and eastern Sudan, largely made up of refugees and migrants from the past few decades.

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Sudan has a rich and unique musical culture that has been through chronic instability and repression during the modern history of Sudan.

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Cinema of Sudan began with cinematography by the British colonial presence in the early 20th century.

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However, before the foundation of the Football Association, Sudan had started experiencing football brought to the country by the British colonizers since early 20th century via Egypt.

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