37 Facts About South Sudan


South Sudan, officially the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East Africa.

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South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following 98.

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Name Sudan is a name given to a geographical region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western Africa to eastern Central Africa.

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British colonial policy in Sudan had a long history of emphasizing development of the Arab north, and largely ignoring the Black African south, which lacked schools, hospitals, roads, bridges, and other basic infrastructure.

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Between 9 and 15 January 2011, a referendum was held to determine whether South Sudan should become an independent country and separate from Sudan, with 98.

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On 9 July 2011, South Sudan became the 54th independent country in Africa and since 14 July 2011, South Sudan is the 193rd member of the United Nations.

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In 2011 it was reported that South Sudan was at war with at least seven armed groups in 9 of its 10 states, with tens of thousands displaced.

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South Sudan acceded to the Treaty of the East Africa Community on 15 April 2016 and become a full Member on 15 August 2016.

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Capital of South Sudan is located at Juba, which is the state capital of Central Equatoria and the county seat of the eponymous Juba County, and is the country's largest city.

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Under the terms of a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020, South Sudan is divided into 10 states, two administrative areas and one area with special administrative status.

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South Sudan had been reportedly embedded with the opposition forces in South Sudan for a week before he was killed.

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South Sudan is a member state of the United Nations, the African Union, and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa.

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The New York Times reported that "South Sudan is in many ways an American creation, carved out of war-torn Sudan in a referendum largely orchestrated by the United States, its fragile institutions nurtured with billions of dollars in American aid.

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In July 2019, UN ambassadors of 37 countries, including South Sudan, have signed a joint letter to the UNHRC defending China's treatment of Uyghurs in the Xinjiang region.

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On 22 December 2017, at the conclusion of a 12-day visit to the region, the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan said, "Four years following the start of the current conflict in South Sudan, gross human rights violations continue to be committed in a widespread way by all parties to the conflict, in which civilians are bearing the brunt.

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South Sudan's protected area of Bandingilo National Park hosts the second-largest wildlife migration in the world.

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Surveys begun in 2005 by WCS in partnership with the semi-autonomous government of Southern Sudan revealed that significant, though diminished wildlife populations still exist, and that, astonishingly, the huge migration of 1.

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South Sudan has a tropical climate, characterized by a rainy season of high humidity and large amounts of rainfall followed by a drier season.

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South Sudan has a population of approximately 11 million and a predominantly rural, subsistence economy.

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Major ethnic groups present in South Sudan are the Dinka at more than 1 million, the Nuer (approximately five percent), the Bari, and the Azande.

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In 2007, South Sudan adopted English as the official language of communication.

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All indigenous languages spoken in South Sudan are national languages of which Dinka, Nuer, Murle, Luo, Ma'di, Otuho, and Zande are the most widely spoken.

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Interim constitution of 2005 declared in Part 1, Chapter 1, No 6 that "[a]ll indigenous languages of Southern Sudan are national languages and shall be respected, developed and promoted.

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On 6 July 2017, South Sudan stated that it might adopt Swahili as an additional official language due to seeking Tanzania's help to send Swahili teachers to the country as it introduces the language in school curriculum ahead of its possible adoption as an official language.

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Nevertheless, South Sudan submitted an application to join the Arab League as a member state on 25 March 2014, which is still pending.

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The Presbyterian Church in Sudan is the third largest denomination in Southern Sudan.

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South Sudan competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics with three athletes in track and field.

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Economy of South Sudan is one of the world's most underdeveloped with South Sudan having little existing infrastructure and the highest maternal mortality and female illiteracy rates in the world as of 2011.

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South Sudan has the third-largest oil reserves in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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However, after South Sudan became an independent nation in July 2011, southern and northern negotiators were not immediately able to reach an agreement on how to split the revenue from these southern oilfields.

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South Sudan's economy is under pressure to diversify away from oil as oil reserves will likely halve by 2020 if no new finds are made, according to the International Monetary Fund.

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South Sudan was eventually approved for membership in East African Community in March 2016, and formally acceded with the signature of the treaty in April 2016.

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South Sudan has applied to join the Commonwealth of Nations, considering that South Sudan was part of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and has 2 republics in the Commonwealth of Nations, Kenya and Uganda as neighbouring countries.

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Busiest and most developed airport in South Sudan is Juba Airport, which has regular international connections to Asmara, Entebbe, Nairobi, Cairo, Addis Ababa, and Khartoum.

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Southern Sudan Airlines serves Nimule and Akobo, which have unpaved runways.

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South Sudan is acknowledged to have some of the worst health indicators in the world.

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South Sudan is one of the few countries where dracunculiasis still occurs.

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