11 Facts About Anglo-Egyptian Sudan


Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the Sudans region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, corresponding mostly to the territory of present-day Sudan and South Sudan.

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In 2011, the south of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan itself became independent as the Republic of South Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.

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In contrast, the British military presence in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was comparatively limited, and eventually revolt broke out.

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Abdalla's religious government imposed traditional Islamic laws upon Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and stressed the need to continue the armed struggle until the British had been completely expelled from the country, and all of Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan had been Incorporated under his Mahdiya.

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From 1885 to 1898, I the population of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan collapsed from eight to three million due to war, famine, disease and persecution.

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Successive governments in Cairo, repeatedly declaring their abrogation of the condominium agreement, declared the British presence in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan to be illegitimate, and insisted on full British recognition of King Farouk as "King of Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan", a recognition which the British were loath to grant; not least because Farouk was secretly negotiating with Mussolini for an Italian invasion.

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The defeat of this damaging demarche of 1940 for Anglo-Egyptian Sudan relations helped to turn the tide of the Second World War.

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Since the British claim to control in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan theoretically depended upon Egyptian sovereignty, the revolutionaries calculated that this tactic would leave the UK with no option but to withdraw.

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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was granted self-government in March 1953 and Ismail al-Azhari became Chief Minister in 1954.

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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan become an independent sovereign state, the Republic of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1 January 1956, bringing to an end its nearly 136-year union with Egypt and its 56-year occupation by the British.

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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was divided into eight provinces, which were ambiguous when created but became well defined by the beginning of World War II.

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