39 Facts About Xinjiang


Xinjiang is divided into the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south by a mountain range, and only about 9.

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In 1955, Xinjiang was administratively changed from a province into an autonomous region.

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General region of Xinjiang has been known by many different names in earlier times, in indigenous languages as well as other languages.

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The Han Communists in the central government denied the name Xinjiang was colonialist and that the central government could be colonialists both because they were communists and because China was a victim of colonialism.

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Xinjiang is a large, sparsely populated area, spanning over 1.

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Present-day Xinjiang consisted of the Tarim Basin and Dzungaria, and was originally inhabited by Indo-European Tocharians and Iranian Sakas who practiced Buddhism and Zoroastrianism.

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Xinjiang was a stronghold of Ogedei Khan and later came under the control of his descendant, Kaidu.

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Xinjiang was primarily semi-arid or desert and unattractive to non-trading Han settlers, and others settled there.

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Xinjiang'sng ruled Xinjiang for the next decade with support from the Soviet Union, many of whose ethnic and security policies he instituted.

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Xinjiang'sng invited a group of Chinese Communists to Xinjiang, but executed them all in 1943 in fear of a conspiracy.

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Southern Xinjiang is home to most of the Uyghur population, about nine million people, out of a total population of twenty million; fifty-five percent of the Han population, mainly urban, live in northern Xinjiang.

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Han in Xinjiang are older, better-educated and work in higher-paying professions than their Uyghur counterparts.

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Xinjiang has 81 public libraries and 23 museums, compared to none in 1949.

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Ongoing Xinjiang conflict includes the 2007 Xinjiang raid, a thwarted 2008 suicide-bombing attempt on a China Southern Airlines flight, the 2008 Kashgar attack which killed 16 police officers four days before the Beijing Olympics, the August 2009 syringe attacks, the 2011 Hotan attack, the 2014 Kunming attack, the April 2014 Urumqi attack, and the May 2014 Urumqi attack.

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In 2014, Chinese Communist Party leadership in Xinjiang commenced a People's War against the "Three Evil Forces" of separatism, terrorism, and extremism.

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Xinjiang instructed his subordinated to "Take this crackdown as the top project, " and "to preempt the enemy, to strike at the outset.

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Xinjiang is divided into thirteen prefecture-level divisions: four prefecture-level cities, six prefectures and five autonomous prefectures for Mongol, Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Hui minorities.

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Xinjiang is the largest political subdivision of China, accounting for more than one sixth of China's total territory and a quarter of its boundary length.

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Xinjiang is mostly covered with uninhabitable deserts and dry grasslands, with dotted oases conducive to habitation accounting for 9.

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Xinjiang is split by the Tian Shan mountain range, which divides it into two large basins: the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south.

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Elsewhere, most of Xinjiang's rivers are comparatively short streams fed by the snows of the several ranges of the Tian Shan.

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Xinjiang is in the same time zone as the rest of China, Beijing time, UTC+8.

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The campaign over the past four years in Xinjiang has been labeled by some experts as a form of "demographic genocide.

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The Xinjiang conflict is an ongoing separatist conflict in the northwestern part of China.

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Religiously, the Uyghur peoples of Xinjiang follow Islam; in the large cities of Han China many are Buddhist, Taoist and Confucian, although many follow Islam as well, such as the Hui ethnic subgroup of the Han ethnicity, comprising some 10 million people.

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The capital of Xinjiang, Urumqi, was originally a Han and Hui city with few Uyghur people before recent Uyghur migration to the city.

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Xinjiang has traditionally been an agricultural region, but is rich in minerals and oil.

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Local governments in China's 19 provinces and municipalities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Zhejiang and Liaoning, are engaged in the commitment of "pairing assistance" support projects in Xinjiang to promote the development of agriculture, industry, technology, education and health services in the region.

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Xinjiang is a major producer of solar panel components due to its large production of the base material polysilicon.

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Xinjiang produces peppers and pepper pigments used in cosmetics such lipstick for export.

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Xinjiang was known for producing salt, soda, borax, gold, and jade in the 19th century.

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Xinjiang opened its second border trade market to Kazakhstan in March 2006, the Jeminay Border Trade Zone.

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In 1995, there were 50 minority-language newspapers published in Xinjiang, including the Qapqal News, the world's only Xibe language newspaper.

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Han Chinese of Xinjiang arrived at different times from different directions and social backgrounds.

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In general, Uyghurs are the majority in Southwestern Xinjiang, including the prefectures of Kashgar, Khotan, Kizilsu and Aksu as well as Turpan Prefecture, in Eastern Xinjiang.

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Major religions in Xinjiang are Islam, among the Uyghurs and the Hui Chinese minority, while many of the Han Chinese practice Chinese folk religions, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism.

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In 1950, there were 29, 000 mosques and 54, 000 imams in Xinjiang, which fell to 14, 000 mosques and 29, 000 imams by 1966.

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Construction of the first expressway in the mountainous area of Xinjiang began a new stage in its construction on 24 July 2007.

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Highway 312 national highway Xinjiang section, connects Xinjiang with China's east coast, Central and West Asia, plus some parts of Europe.

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