27 Facts About Kashgar


Kashgar or Kashi is an oasis city in the Tarim Basin region of Southern Xinjiang.

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At the convergence point of widely varying cultures and empires, Kashgar has been under the rule of the Chinese, Turkic, Mongol and Tibetan empires.

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Kashgar located at the convergence point of widely varying cultures and empires, it has been under the rule of the historically Chinese, Turkic, Mongol, and Tibetan empires.

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Kashgar appointed Zhong, the son of the elder brother of Cheng, to be king of Shule .

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Kashgar beheaded several hundred people, and released his soldiers to plunder freely.

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Kashgar replaced the king [of Jumi] by installing Chengguo from the family of [the previous king] Xing, and then he returned.

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An embassy sent during the reign of Wencheng Di from the king of Kashgar presented a supposed sacred relic of the Buddha; a dress which was incombustible.

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Early in the 6th century Kashgar is included among the many territories controlled by the Yeda or Hephthalite Huns, but their empire collapsed at the onslaught of the Western Turks between 563 and 567 who then probably gained control over Kashgar and most of the states in the Tarim Basin.

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Kashgar reported that Kashgar had abundant crops, fruits and flowers, wove fine woolen stuffs and rugs.

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Kashgar again reached Kashgar on his return trip from India in 786 and mentions a Chinese deputy governor as well as the local king.

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Kashgar was the capital of the Karakhanid state for a time but later the capital was moved to Balasaghun.

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Karakhanid Khanate however was beset with internal strife, and the khanate split into two, the Eastern and Western Karakhanid Khanates, with Kashgar falling within the domain of the Eastern Karakhanid state.

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The Kara-Khitan rulers followed a policy of religious tolerance, Islamic religious life continued uninterrupted and Kashgar was a Nestorian metropolitan see.

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The last Karakhanid of Kashgar was killed in a revolt in 1211 by the city's notables.

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Kashgar endured a troubled time, and in 1514, on the invasion of the Khan Sultan Said, was destroyed by Mirza Ababakar, who with the aid of ten thousand men built a new fort with massive defences higher up on the banks of the Tuman river.

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Kashgar dispatched an ambassador to Beijing to discuss the situation of the Afaqi Khojas, but the representative was not well received, and Ahmed Shah was too busy fighting off the Sikhs to attempt to enforce his demands through arms.

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The inhabitants of Kashgar, rising in their turn against their masters, invoked the aid of Sadik Beg, a Kyrgyz chief, who was reinforced by Buzurg Khan, the heir of Jahanghir Khoja, and his general Yakub Beg.

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Kashgar was the scene of continual battles from 1933 to 1934.

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Kashgar was joined by another Chinese Muslim general, Ma Zhancang.

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Kashgar freed another 36th division general, Ma Zhancang, who was trapped with his Chinese Muslim and Han Chinese troops in Kashgar New City by the Uighurs and Kyrgyz since 22 May 1933.

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Kashgar was incorporated into the People's Republic of China in 1949.

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Kashgar and surrounding regions have been the site of Uyghur unrest since the 1990s.

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Kashgar was made into a Special Economic Zone in 2010, the first such zone in China's far west.

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Kashgar is one of the driest cities on the planet, averaging only 71.

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Kashgar Airport serves mainly domestic flights, the majority of them from Urumqi.

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Travel time to Urumqi from Kashgar is approximately 25 hours, while travel time to Hotan is approximately ten hours.

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Kashgar is located on China National Highways G314, and G315, which runs to Xining, Qinghai from Kashgar.

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