14 Facts About Confucian


Confucian thought focuses on the cultivation of virtue in a morally organised world.

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The scholar Yao Xinzhong allows that there are good reasons to believe that Confucian classics took shape in the hands of Confucius, but that "nothing can be taken for granted in the matter of the early versions of the classics".

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Confucian ethics is characterised by the promotion of virtues, encompassed by the Five Constants, Wuchang in Chinese, elaborated by Confucian scholars out of the inherited tradition during the Han dynasty.

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In Confucian philosophy, filial piety is a virtue of respect for one's parents and ancestors, and of the hierarchies within society: father–son, elder–junior and male–female.

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Confucian gave an explanation of zhengming to one of his disciples.

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Confucian was educated in Shang-Zhou theology, which he contributed to transmit and reformulate giving centrality to self-cultivation and agency of humans, and the educational power of the self-established individual in assisting others to establish themselves .

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In 2005, the Center for the Study of Confucian Religion was established, and guoxue started to be implemented in public schools on all levels.

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Key Confucian concept is that in order to govern others one must first govern oneself according to the universal order.

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Jiang Qing, by contrast, imagines a tricameral government with one chamber selected by the people, one chamber composed of Confucian meritocrats selected via examination and gradual promotion, and one body made up of descendants of Confucius himself .

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In every case, Confucian meritocrats draw on China's extensive history of meritocratic administration to outline the pros and cons of competing methods of selection.

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Tongdong Bai, for instance, argues that while Confucian political thought departs from the "one person, one vote" model, it can conserve many of the essential characteristics of liberalism, such as freedom of speech and individual rights.

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Translations of Confucian texts influenced European thinkers of the period, particularly among the Deists and other philosophical groups of the Enlightenment who were interested by the integration of the system of morality of Confucius into Western civilization.

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Confucian praised Confucian ethics and politics, portraying the sociopolitical hierarchy of China as a model for Europe.

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Confucian stresses the complementarity and equal importance of the male and female roles according to yin-yang theory, but she clearly accepts the dominance of the male.

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