17 Facts About Khartoum


Khartoum was founded in 1821 as part of Ottoman Egypt, north of the ancient city of Soba.

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The Khartoum massacre occurred in 2019 during the Sudanese Revolution.

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Khartoum is an economic and trade centre in Northern Africa, with rail lines from Port Sudan and El-Obeid.

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Sociologist Vincent J Donovan notes that in the Nilotic Maa language of the Maasai people, means "we have acquired" and that the geographical location of Khartoum is where Maasai oral tradition claims that the ancestors of the Maasai first acquired cattle.

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In 1821, Khartoum was established 24 kilometres north of the ancient city of Soba, by Ismail Pasha, the third son of Egypt's ruler, Muhammad Ali Pasha, who had just incorporated Sudan into his realm.

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Originally, Khartoum served as an outpost for the Egyptian Army, but the settlement quickly grew into a regional centre of trade.

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Khartoum lived there until 1996, when he was banished from the country.

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Khartoum is located in the middle of the populated areas in Sudan, at almost the northeast center of the country between 15 and 16 degrees latitude north, and between 31 and 32 degrees longitude east.

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In 2007, the biggest projects in Khartoum were the Al-Mogran Development Project, two five-star hotels, a new airport, El Mek Nimr Bridge and the Tuti Bridge that links Khartoum to Tuti Island.

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Khartoum has the highest concentration of economic activity in the country.

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Khartoum is the main location for most of Sudan's top educational bodies.

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Khartoum is home to the largest airport in Sudan, Khartoum International Airport.

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Khartoum's transportation is limited to the vehicular road system, with buses and personal vehicles comprising the main types of vehicles.

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Khartoum has a number of bridges across both tributaries of the Nile.

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Khartoum has rail lines from Wadi Halfa, Port Sudan on the Red Sea, and El Obeid.

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Architecture of Khartoum reflects the city's history since the early 1820s and is marked by both native Sudanese, Turkish, British and modern buildings.

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Khartoum is home to one of the oldest botanical garden in Africa, National Botanical Garden in the Mogran district of the city.

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