The Nile is the longest river in Africa and has historically been considered the longest river in the world, though this has been contested by research suggesting that the Amazon River is slightly longer.
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Additionally, the Nile is an important economic river, supporting agriculture and fishing.
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The White Nile is traditionally considered to be the headwaters stream.
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In Egyptian Arabic, the Nile is called en-Nil, while in Standard Arabic it is called an-Nil.
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The Nile basin is complex, and because of this, the discharge at any given point along the main stem depends on many factors including weather, diversions, evaporation and evapotranspiration, and groundwater flow.
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Source of the Blue Nile is Lake Tana in the Gish Abay region in the Ethiopian Highlands.
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However, the Nile used to run much more westerly through what is Wadi Hamim and Wadi al Maqar in Libya and flow into the Gulf of Sidra.
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The currently existing Nile first flowed during the former parts of the Wurm glaciation period.
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Egyptian Nile connected to the Sudanese Nile, which captures the Ethiopian and Equatorial headwaters during the current stages of tectonic activity in the Eastern, Central and Sudanese Rift systems.
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The Nile was a convenient and efficient means of transportation for people and goods.
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Nile was an important part of ancient Egyptian spiritual life.
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The Nile was considered to be a causeway from life to death and the afterlife.
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Akhet, which means inundation, was the time of the year when the Nile flooded, leaving several layers of fertile soil behind, aiding in agricultural growth.
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Agatharchides records that in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, a military expedition had penetrated far enough along the course of the Blue Nile to determine that the summer floods were caused by heavy seasonal rainstorms in the Ethiopian Highlands, but no European of antiquity is known to have reached Lake Tana.
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Paez's account of the source of the Nile is a long and vivid account of Ethiopia.
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Nile has long been used to transport goods along its length.
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