29 Facts About Nile


The Nile is the longest river in Africa and has historically been considered the longest river in the world, though this has been contested by research suggesting that the Amazon River is slightly longer.

FactSnippet No. 989,512

In particular, the Nile is the primary water source of Egypt, Sudan and South Sudan.

FactSnippet No. 989,513

Additionally, the Nile is an important economic river, supporting agriculture and fishing.

FactSnippet No. 989,514

The White Nile is traditionally considered to be the headwaters stream.

FactSnippet No. 989,515

The Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and flows into Sudan from the southeast.

FactSnippet No. 989,516

The Nile is, with the Rhone and Po, one of the three Mediterranean rivers with the largest water discharge.

FactSnippet No. 989,517

In Egyptian Arabic, the Nile is called en-Nil, while in Standard Arabic it is called an-Nil.

FactSnippet No. 989,518

The Nile basin is complex, and because of this, the discharge at any given point along the main stem depends on many factors including weather, diversions, evaporation and evapotranspiration, and groundwater flow.

FactSnippet No. 989,519

The White Nile starts in equatorial East Africa, and the Blue Nile begins in Ethiopia.

FactSnippet No. 989,520

Source of the Blue Nile is Lake Tana in the Gish Abay region in the Ethiopian Highlands.

FactSnippet No. 989,521

The most remote source that is indisputably a source for the White Nile is the Kagera River; however, the Kagera has tributaries that are in contention for the farthest source of the White Nile.

FactSnippet No. 989,522

The Bahr al Ghazal, 716 kilometers long, joins the Bahr al Jabal at a small lagoon called Lake No, after which the Nile becomes known as the Bahr al Abyad, or the White Nile, from the whitish clay suspended in its waters.

FactSnippet No. 989,523

Yellow Nile is a former tributary that connected the Ouaddai highlands of eastern Chad to the Nile River Valley c 8000 to c 1000 BCE.

FactSnippet No. 989,524

Nile has been the lifeline of civilization in Egypt since the Stone Age, with most of the population and all of the cities of Egypt developing along those parts of the Nile valley lying north of Aswan.

FactSnippet No. 989,525

However, the Nile used to run much more westerly through what is Wadi Hamim and Wadi al Maqar in Libya and flow into the Gulf of Sidra.

FactSnippet No. 989,526

The Nile was much longer at that time, with its furthest headwaters in northern Zambia.

FactSnippet No. 989,527

The currently existing Nile first flowed during the former parts of the Wurm glaciation period.

FactSnippet No. 989,528

Egyptian Nile connected to the Sudanese Nile, which captures the Ethiopian and Equatorial headwaters during the current stages of tectonic activity in the Eastern, Central and Sudanese Rift systems.

FactSnippet No. 989,529

The Nile was a convenient and efficient means of transportation for people and goods.

FactSnippet No. 989,530

Nile was an important part of ancient Egyptian spiritual life.

FactSnippet No. 989,531

The Nile was considered to be a causeway from life to death and the afterlife.

FactSnippet No. 989,532

Akhet, which means inundation, was the time of the year when the Nile flooded, leaving several layers of fertile soil behind, aiding in agricultural growth.

FactSnippet No. 989,533

Agatharchides records that in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, a military expedition had penetrated far enough along the course of the Blue Nile to determine that the summer floods were caused by heavy seasonal rainstorms in the Ethiopian Highlands, but no European of antiquity is known to have reached Lake Tana.

FactSnippet No. 989,534

Paez's account of the source of the Nile is a long and vivid account of Ethiopia.

FactSnippet No. 989,535

The Nile is the area's natural navigation channel, giving access to Khartoum and Sudan by steamer.

FactSnippet No. 989,536

Nile has long been used to transport goods along its length.

FactSnippet No. 989,537

Nile's water has affected the politics of East Africa and the Horn of Africa for many decades.

FactSnippet No. 989,538

The expedition began at the White Nile's beginning at Lake Victoria in Uganda, on 17 January 2004 and arrived at the Mediterranean in Rosetta, four and a half months later.

FactSnippet No. 989,539

Blue Nile Expedition, led by geologist Pasquale Scaturro and his partner, kayaker and documentary filmmaker Gordon Brown became the first known people to descend the entire Blue Nile, from Lake Tana in Ethiopia to the beaches of Alexandria on the Mediterranean.

FactSnippet No. 989,540