30 Facts About Hamburg

1. One of Germany's 16 federated states, Hamburg is surrounded by Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the south.

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2. Hamburg is Europe's third largest port, after Rotterdam and Antwerp.

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3. Hamburg is the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank.

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4. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions.

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5. Hamburg is known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows.

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6. Hamburg is at a sheltered natural harbour on the southern fanning-out of the Jutland Peninsula, between Continental Europe to the south and Scandinavia to the north, with the North Sea to the west and the Baltic Sea to the northeast.

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7. Name Hamburg comes from the first permanent building on the site, a castle which the Emperor Charlemagne ordered constructed in AD 808.

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8. In 834, Hamburg was designated as the seat of a bishopric.

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9. Hamburg was briefly annexed by Napoleon I to the First French Empire.

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10. Hamburg acceded to the German Customs Union or Zollverein in 1888, the last of the German states to join.

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11. Hamburg was the departure port for many Germans and Eastern Europeans to emigrate to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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12. Hamburg is made up of seven boroughs and subdivided into 104 quarters (German: Stadtteile).

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13. The Act of the Constitution and Administration of Hanseatic city of Hamburg established Hamburg as a state and a municipality.

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14. Lavish and spacious Planten un Blomen park located in the centre of Hamburg is the green heart of the city.

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15. Botanischer Garten Hamburg is a modern botanical garden maintained by the University of Hamburg.

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16. In 2014 Hamburg celebrated a birthday of park culture, where many parks were reconstructed and cleaned up.

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17. The Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg opened in the HafenCity quarter in 2008.

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18. Hamburg is the birthplace of Johannes Brahms, who spent his formative early years in the city, and the birthplace and home of the famous waltz composer Oscar Fetras, who wrote the well-known "Mondnacht auf der Alster" waltz.

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19. Hamburg was an important center of rock music in the early 1960s.

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20. One of the members of the band Frumpy was the Hamburg-born singer and composer Inga Rumpf.

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21. Hamburg is home to many music labels, music distributors and publishers.

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22. Hamburg was one of the locations for the James Bond series film Tomorrow Never Dies.

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23. Hamburg was shown in An American Tail where Fievel Mousekewitz and his family immigrate to America in the hopes to escape cats.

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24. Hamburg is a major transportation hub, connected to four Autobahnen and the most important railway junction on the route to Scandinavia.

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25. Hamburg is a secondary hub for Lufthansa, which is the largest carrier at the airport, and the airline operates one of its biggest Lufthansa Technik maintenance facilities there.

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26. In June 2019 City of Hamburg introduced a law governing the phasing out of coal based thermal and electric energy production.

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27. BCJ Hamburg played in the Basketball Bundesliga from 1999 to 2001.

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28. Hamburg is the nation's field hockey capital and dominates the men's as well as the women's Bundesliga.

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29. Hamburg made a bid for the 2024 Olympic Games, but 51.7 percent of those city residents participating in a referendum in November 2015 voted against continuing Hamburg's bid to host the games.

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30. Hamburg is home to one of the oldest international schools in Germany, the International School of Hamburg.

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