52 Facts About Hamburg


One of Germany's 16 federated states, Hamburg is surrounded by Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the south.

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Hamburg is Europe's third largest port, after Rotterdam and Antwerp.

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Hamburg is the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank.

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Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions.

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Hamburg is known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows.

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Hamburg is at a sheltered natural harbour on the southern fanning-out of the Jutland Peninsula, between Continental Europe to the south and Scandinavia to the north, with the North Sea to the west and the Baltic Sea to the northeast.

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Hamburg has an oceanic climate, influenced by its proximity to the coast and maritime influences that originate over the Atlantic Ocean.

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Name Hamburg comes from the first permanent building on the site, a castle which the Emperor Charlemagne ordered constructed in AD 808.

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Hamburg was briefly annexed by Napoleon I to the First French Empire.

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Hamburg re-assumed its pre-1811 status as a city-state in 1814.

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Hamburg acceded to the German Customs Union or Zollverein in 1888, the last of the German states to join.

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Hamburg was the departure port for many Germans and Eastern Europeans to emigrate to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Hamburg was a Gau within the administrative division of Nazi Germany from 1934 until 1945.

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Inner German border – only 50 kilometres east of Hamburg – separated the city from most of its hinterland and reduced Hamburg's global trade.

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Since German reunification in 1990, and the accession of several Central European and Baltic countries into the European Union in 2004, the Port of Hamburg has restarted ambitions for regaining its position as the region's largest deep-sea port for container shipping and its major commercial and trading centre.

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Hamburg is seat of one of the three bishops of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany and seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hamburg.

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Hamburg is made up of seven boroughs and subdivided into 104 quarters (German: Stadtteile).

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The last large annexation was done through the Greater Hamburg Act of 1937, when the cities Altona, Harburg and Wandsbek were merged into the state of Hamburg.

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Hamburg-Mitte covers mostly the urban centre of the city and consists of the quarters Billbrook, Billstedt, Borgfelde, Finkenwerder, HafenCity, Hamm, Hammerbrook, Horn, Kleiner Grasbrook, Neuwerk, Rothenburgsort, St Georg, St Pauli, Steinwerder, Veddel, Waltershof and Wilhelmsburg.

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Hamburg-Nord contains the quarters Alsterdorf, Barmbek-Nord, Barmbek-Sud, Dulsberg, Eppendorf, Fuhlsbuttel, Groß Borstel, Hoheluft-Ost, Hohenfelde, Langenhorn, Ohlsdorf with Ohlsdorf cemetery, Uhlenhorst and Winterhude.

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Hamburg has more bridges inside its city limits than any other city in the world.

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Botanischer Garten Hamburg is a modern botanical garden maintained by the University of Hamburg.

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In 2014 Hamburg celebrated a birthday of park culture, where many parks were reconstructed and cleaned up.

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Hamburg has more than 40 theatres, 60 museums and 100 music venues and clubs.

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Hamburg has entered the European Green Capital Award scheme, and was awarded the title of European Green Capital for 2011.

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Hamburg is the birthplace of Johannes Brahms, who spent his formative early years in the city, and the birthplace and home of the famous waltz composer Oscar Fetras, who wrote the well-known "Mondnacht auf der Alster" waltz.

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Hamburg was an important center of rock music in the early 1960s.

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One of the members of the band Frumpy was the Hamburg-born singer and composer Inga Rumpf.

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The meeting point of the Hamburg School was long considered to be the Golden Pudel Club in Altona's old town near the Fischmarkt.

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Hamburg is home to many music labels, music distributors and publishers.

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Hamburg has a vibrant psychedelic trance community, with record labels such as Spirit Zone.

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Hamburg's festivals include the Elbjazz Festival, which takes place 2 days a year in Hamburg's harbor and HafenCity.

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Hamburg has long been a centre of alternative music and counter-culture movements.

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Hamburg has for centuries been a commercial centre of Northern Europe, and is the most important banking city of Northern Germany.

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Hamburg, along with Seattle and Toulouse, is an important location of the civil aerospace industry.

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Hamburg has one of the fastest-growing tourism industries in Germany.

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Typical Hamburg visit includes a tour of the city hall and the grand church St Michaelis, and visiting the old warehouse district (Speicherstadt) and the harbour promenade (Landungsbrucken).

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The Norddeutscher Rundfunk which includes the television station NDR Fernsehen is based in Hamburg, including the very popular news program Tagesschau, as are the commercial television station Hamburg 1, the Christian television station Bibel TV and the civil media outlet Tide TV.

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Hamburg was one of the locations for the James Bond series film Tomorrow Never Dies.

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Hamburg was shown in An American Tail where Fievel Mousekewitz and his family immigrate to America in the hopes to escape cats.

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Hamburg is a major transportation hub, connected to four Autobahnen and the most important railway junction on the route to Scandinavia.

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Hamburg Airport is the oldest airport in Germany still in operation.

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Hamburg has no trams or trolleybuses, but has hydrogen-fueled buses.

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Hamburg is a secondary hub for Lufthansa, which is the largest carrier at the airport, and the airline operates one of its biggest Lufthansa Technik maintenance facilities there.

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In June 2019 City of Hamburg introduced a law governing the phasing out of coal based thermal and electric energy production.

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Hamburg Freezers represented Hamburg until 2016 in the DEL, the premier ice hockey league in Germany.

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BCJ Hamburg played in the Basketball Bundesliga from 1999 to 2001.

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Hamburg is the nation's field hockey capital and dominates the men's as well as the women's Bundesliga.

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Hamburg Sea Devils is a team of European League of Football which is a planned professional league, that is set to become the first fully professional league in Europe since the demise of NFL Europe.

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Besides Hamburg owns the famous harness racing track "Trabrennbahn Bahrenfeld".

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The Hamburg Marathon is the biggest marathon in Germany after Berlin's.

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Hamburg is home to one of the oldest international schools in Germany, the International School of Hamburg.

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