51 Facts About Riau Islands


The Riau Islands has a relatively large potential of mineral resources, energy, as well as marine resources.

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Riau Islands archipelago was once part of the Johor Sultanate, which was later partitioned between the Dutch East Indies and British Malaya after the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, in which the archipelago fell under Dutch influence.

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The Riau Islands separated from the province of Riau in September 2002, becoming Indonesia's third-youngest province.

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Free trade zone of the Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle, the Riau Islands has experienced rapid industrialisation since the 1970s.

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Population of the Riau Islands is heterogeneous and is highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language and religion.

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Riau Islands has for centuries been the home of Malay and Orang Laut people .

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The Riau archipelago was located aside the China-India maritime trading route, and was early in the 14th century, together with Temasek, recorded in Chinese maritime records as one of Riau archipelago's islands that was inhabited by Malay pirates.

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Riau Islands's realm was the Johor Sultanate, the successor of Malacca.

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In many ways, Riau Islands managed to recapture some of the old Malacca glory.

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The Dutch, who desired to control the Johor-Riau Islands Empire, feared losing momentum because of the absence of mere regalia.

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Under the treaty, Tengku Abdul Rahman was crowned as the Sultan of Riau Islands-Lingga, bearing the name of Sultan Abdul Rahman, with the royal seat in Daik, Lingga.

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Riau Islands later ceded Singapore to the British in return for their support during the dispute.

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The agreement further stipulated that the Riau Islands-Lingga Sultanate was a mere loan from the Dutch Government.

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Dutch direct rule over the Riau Islands Archipelago began in 1913, and the province was administered as part of the Residency of Riau Islands and Dependencies .

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Riau Islands later formed a group known as the Badan Kedaulatan Indonesia Riouw on 8 October 1945.

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The royalists however, maintained that Riau Islands was a Dutch territory and that only the Dutch could support it.

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On 23 January 1948, the states of the Bangka Council, the Belitung Council, and the Riau Islands Council merged to form the Bangka Belitung and Riau Islands Federation.

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The Geopolitical roots of the Riau Islands Archipelago had molded her nationalist position to be sandwiched between the kindred monarchist Peninsular Malay Nationalism observed across the border in British Malaya with the pro-republic and pan-ethnic Indonesian Nationalism manifested in her own Dutch East Indies domain.

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The Riau Islands rupiah was exchangeable as a foreign currency with the Indonesian rupiah.

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Since 1 July 1964, the Riau Islands rupiah was no longer a valid currency, being replaced by the Indonesian rupiah at a rate of 1 Riau Islands rupiah = 14.

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Usually the basic needs of the Riau Islands population are brought in more from Singapore than anywhere else in Indonesia.

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In 2002, after a short effort by the peoples of the archipelago, Riau Islands Province was created by an act of the People's Consultative Assembly with the capital of the former sultanate, Tanjung Pinang, as provincial capital.

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Province of Riau Islands Island is led by a governor who is elected directly by the people.

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The Riau Islands province includes the Lingga Islands to the south of the main Riau Archipelago, while to the northeast lies the Tudjuh Archipelago, between Borneo and mainland Malaysia; the Tudjuh Archipelago consists of four distinct groups – the Anambas Islands, Natuna Islands, Tambelan islands and Badas Islands — which were attached to the new province, though not geographically part of the Riau Archipelago.

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Riau Islands became one of the coral reef conservation sites in Indonesia.

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The Riau Islands has 2 nature reserves, namely Pulau Burung Nature Reserve and Pulau Laut Nature Reserve.

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Geographical position of the Riau Islands, which is close to neighboring countries located near the Strait of Malacca, which is one of the busiest shipping lane in the world, is a major factor in the need to increase competitiveness.

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Potential of natural wealth in the Riau Islands comes from mining and the manufacturing industries.

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Riau Islands is the largest bauxite producing region in Indonesia.

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Currently, the largest power plant in the Riau Islands is the Tanjung Kasam power plant in Batam, which has a capacity of 430 MW.

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Nonetheless, there are still many regions in the Riau Islands that has limited or no internet access, especially around the outlying regions of Anambas and Natuna Islands.

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In March 2019, XL Axiata inaugurated the 4G data network in the Anambas Riau Islands, by using the West Palapa Ring backbone, in collaboration with the Telecommunications and Information Accessibility Agency in using the West Palapa Ring network.

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The number of hospitals and clinics in the Riau Islands are still far below the ideal level, according to the Ombudsman of the Republic of Indonesia.

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Public universities in the Riau Islands falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Research and Technology or the Ministry of Religious Affairs for Islamic universities.

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Presently, the Riau Islands Island is one of the province in Indonesia that has the largest number of Chinese population.

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The Riau Islands are considered the birthplace of the modern Malay language, though it was the classical Malaccan Malay of the Johor court rather than Riau Malay that formed the basis of the standard Indonesian language.

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Road signs and government buildings signs in the Riau Islands are written in this script, usually written along the Latin script.

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The Riau Islands Hokkien is related to the Hokkien spoken in mainland Riau, such as the town of Bagansiapiapi and Selat Panjang, as well as the Hokkien spoken in Central and Southern Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.

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Culture of the Riau Islands is strongly influenced by the culture of the Malays and the Chinese people.

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However, as the Riau Islands is considered as the home of the Malay people and part of the Malay world, the culture of the Riau Islands mostly relate to the culture of the Malay people themselves.

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Riau Islands region has long been an area of trade traffic in neighboring countries, so Riau Islands has given birth to diverse cultural figures and colors.

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Riau Islands seems to be a field of association of various artistic potentials, in which there are cultural influences in neighboring countries and other Indonesian cultures.

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The flexibility of Malay culture is in line with the historical development and geographical location of Riau Islands, making Riau Islands very rich with a variety of artistic expressions.

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Therefore, the culture of the Riau Islands region has a lot in common with other indigenous Malay regions.

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Cuisine in the Riau Islands are mostly similar to the one in Peninsular Malaysia, owing to its similar culture.

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The Riau Islands cuisine is strongly influenced by the culture of the Malay, Indian and Chinese.

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One of the most popular dish in the Riau Islands is its variety of the Nasi lemak, with some notable differences compared to the variety found in neighboring Malaysia and Singapore.

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Lakse in the Riau Islands presented in several kinds, one of which is a typical Anambas lakse which is included in the category of lakse curry with a fatty and spicy sauce and rich in spices.

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Bak kut teh is another dish found in the Riau Islands, usually consumed by the Chinese people in the province.

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The condition of the Riau Islands, which is close to Malaysia and Singapore has made Teh Tarik to spread around the Riau Islands.

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Curry puff, known as epok-epok in the local Riau Islands Malay, is a famous local snack that can be commonly found everywhere in the province.

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