13 Facts About Borneo


Borneo ; is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,075

Borneo is home to one of the oldest rainforests in the world.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,076

Internationally it is known as Borneo, derived from European contact with the Brunei kingdom in the 16th century during the Age of Exploration.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,077

Borneo was formed through Mesozoic accretion of microcontinental fragments, ophiolite terranes and island arc crust onto a Paleozoic continental core.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,078

At the beginning of the Cenozoic Borneo formed a promontory of Sundaland which partly separated from Asian mainland by the proto-South China Sea.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,079

Borneo rainforest is estimated to be around 140 million years old, making it one of the oldest rainforests in the world.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,080

Borneo established a monarchy, and the Brooke dynasty ruled Sarawak for 100 years; the leaders were known as the White Rajahs.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,081

The region of northern Borneo came under the administration of North Borneo Chartered Company following the acquisition of territory from the Sultanates of Brunei and Sulu by a German businessman and adventurer named Baron von Overbeck, before it was passed to the British Dent brothers .

FactSnippet No. 1,326,082

The Dutch who already claimed the whole Borneo were asked by Britain to delimit their boundaries between the two colonial territories to avoid further conflicts.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,083

In 1895, Marcus Samuel received a concession in the Kutei area of east Borneo, and based on oil seepages in the Mahakam River delta, Mark Abrahams struck oil in February 1897.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,084

In May 1945, officials in Tokyo suggested that whether northern Borneo should be included in the proposed new country of Indonesia should be separately determined based on the desires of its indigenous people and following the disposition of Malaya.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,085

Brunei withdrew from being part of the new Federation of Malaysia due to some disagreements on other issues while political leaders in Sarawak and North Borneo continued to favour inclusion in a larger federation.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,086

Borneo's economy depends mainly on agriculture, logging and mining, oil and gas, and ecotourism.

FactSnippet No. 1,326,087