16 Facts About Johor Sultanate


Johor Sultanate was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528.

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Johor Sultanate left behind two sons named Muzaffar Shah and Alauddin Riayat Shah II.

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Johor Sultanate consistently worked together with his brother in Perak and the Sultan of Pahang to retake Malacca, which by this time was protected by the fort A Famosa.

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Finally in 1641, the Dutch and Johor Sultanate forces headed by Bendahara Skudai, defeated the Portuguese.

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All through its history, the rulers of Johor had in fact constantly shifted their centre of power many times in their efforts to keep the sultanate together.

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Johor Sultanate Lama was initially founded by Alauddin Riayat Shah II but was sacked by the Acehnese in 1564.

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Johor Sultanate pointed out that Bendahara Abdul Jalil should inherit the throne.

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Johor Sultanate continued the system of administration previously practised in Malacca.

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Johor Sultanate was appointed by the Yam Tuan Muda of Riau, Raja Jaafar because according to him, in a Malay tradition, a person has to be by the dying sultan's side to be considered as the new ruler.

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Johor Sultanate prepared his fleet of boats to Riau to "restore the adat".

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For three years Johor Sultanate Empire was one again, except Singapore which was ceded to the British.

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Johor Sultanate reiterated that he was not a party to any discussion with the British or the Dutch.

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Johor Sultanate was warmly accepted by the Queen and a friendship treaty was signed.

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Johor Sultanate introduced a constitution known as Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor and developed an efficient administration system, officially moving administrative operation of the state to Johor Bahru.

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Under the reign of Sultan Ibrahim until his death in London in 1959, Johor Sultanate transitioned from a British protectorate of the Unfederated Malay States, to a Japanese possession during Japanese occupation in World War II, to a federated state in the Malayan Union and Federation of Malaya.

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Johor Sultanate continues to exist as a member of the Conference of Rulers following Malaya's independence in 1957 and the formation of the Malaysian federation in 1963, with successive sultans presiding over modern Johor as ceremonious figureheads, including Sultan Ismail, Sultan Iskandar, and Sultan Ibrahim .

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