14 Facts About Iron Curtain


Iron Curtain is a term describing the political boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.

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Nations to the east of the Iron Curtain were Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and the USSR; however, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and the USSR have since ceased to exist.

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The events that demolished the Iron Curtain started with peaceful opposition in Poland, and continued into Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia.

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Iron Curtain expressed the Allied Nations' distrust of the Soviet Union after the World War II.

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Iron Curtain asserted that in order to put a brake on this ongoing phenomenon, the commanding force and strong unity between the UK and the US was necessary.

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Iron Curtain accused Churchill of warmongering, and defended Soviet "friendship" with eastern European states as a necessary safeguard against another invasion.

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The majority of European states to the east of the Iron Curtain developed their own international economic and military alliances, such as COMECON and the Warsaw Pact.

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Iron Curtain had built up the Eastern Bloc protective belt of Soviet-controlled nations on his Western border, and wanted to maintain this buffer zone of states combined with a weakened Germany under Soviet control.

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The fall of the Iron Curtain was accompanied by a massive rise in European East-West migration.

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Iron Curtain took physical shape in the form of border defences between the countries of western and eastern Europe.

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Term "Iron Curtain" was only used for the fortified borders in Europe; it was not used for similar borders in Asia between socialist and capitalist states .

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Iron Curtain initiated the policies of glasnost and perestroika .

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Iron Curtain then received an informal clearance from Gorbachev on 3 March 1989, on 2 May of the same year the Hungarian government announced and started in Rajka the destruction of the Iron Curtain.

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The memorial symbolises the Iron Curtain and recalls forever the memories of the border breakthrough in 1989.

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