60 Facts About Albania


Albania has been inhabited by different civilisations over time, such as the Illyrians, Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Venetians, and Ottomans.

FactSnippet No. 531,111

Albania provides universal health care and free primary and secondary education to its citizens.

FactSnippet No. 531,112

Albania is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, UNESCO, NATO, WTO, COE, OSCE, and OIC.

FactSnippet No. 531,113

Multiple artefacts from the Iron and Bronze Ages near tumulus burials have been unearthed in central and southern Albania, which has similar affinity with the sites in southwestern Macedonia and Lefkada.

FactSnippet No. 531,114

In 1272, he established the Kingdom of Albania and conquered regions back from the Despotate of Epirus.

FactSnippet No. 531,115

Albania thwarted every attempt by the Ottomans to regain Albania, which they envisioned as a springboard for the invasion of Italy and Western Europe.

FactSnippet No. 531,116

Albania's unequal fight against them won the esteem of Europe among others financial and military aid from the Papacy and Naples, Venice and Ragusa.

FactSnippet No. 531,117

Albania declared independence from the Ottoman Empire on 28 November 1912, accompanied with the establishment of the Senate and Government by the Assembly of Vlore on 4 December 1912.

FactSnippet No. 531,118

Albania was forced to adopt a policy of cooperation with Italy where a pact had been signed between both countries, whereby Italy gained a monopoly on shipping and trade concessions.

FactSnippet No. 531,119

Albania made donations of land to international organisations for the building of schools and hospitals.

FactSnippet No. 531,120

In October 1940, Albania served as a staging ground for an unsuccessful Italian invasion of Greece.

FactSnippet No. 531,121

Germans started to occupy the country in September 1943 and subsequently announced that they would recognise the independence of a neutral Albania and set about organising a new government, military and law enforcement.

FactSnippet No. 531,122

Unemployment has been steadily reduced, with Albania achieving the 4th lowest unemployment rate in the Balkans.

FactSnippet No. 531,123

Biodiversity hotspot, Albania possesses an exceptionally rich and contrasting biodiversity on account of its geographical location at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea and the great diversity in its climatic, geological and hydrological conditions.

FactSnippet No. 531,124

In terms of phytogeography, Albania is part of the Boreal Kingdom and stretches specifically within the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal and Mediterranean Region.

FactSnippet No. 531,125

Approximately 3, 500 different species of plants can be found in Albania which refers principally to a Mediterranean and Eurasian character.

FactSnippet No. 531,126

Albania has fifteen officially designated national parks scattered across its territory.

FactSnippet No. 531,127

Environmental issues in Albania include air and water pollution, climate change, waste management, biodiversity loss and nature conservation.

FactSnippet No. 531,128

Albania's ranking has however decreased since its highest placement at position 15 in the Environmental Performance Index of 2012.

FactSnippet No. 531,129

In 2019, Albania had a Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 6.

FactSnippet No. 531,130

Albania is a parliamentary constitutional republic and sovereign state whose politics operate under a framework laid out in the constitution wherein the president functions as the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government.

FactSnippet No. 531,131

Albania maintains strong ties with the United States ever after it supported the Albania's independence and democracy.

FactSnippet No. 531,132

In 2007, Albania welcomed George W Bush who became the first President of the United States ever to visit the country.

FactSnippet No. 531,133

Albania has been an active member of the United Nations since 1955.

FactSnippet No. 531,134

Albania is a full member of numerous international organisations inclusively the Council of Europe, International Organisation for Migration, World Health Organization, Union for the Mediterranean, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization and La Francophonie.

FactSnippet No. 531,135

Chief purpose of the armed forces of Albania is the defence of the independence, the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the country, as well as the participation in humanitarian, combat, non-combat and peace support operations.

FactSnippet No. 531,136

Albania has committed to increase the participations in multinational operations.

FactSnippet No. 531,137

Since February 2008, Albania has participated officially in NATO's Operation Active Endeavor in the Mediterranean Sea.

FactSnippet No. 531,138

Albania reduced the number of active troops from 65, 000 in 1988 to 14, 500 in 2009.

FactSnippet No. 531,139

Albania was one of three countries in Europe to record an economic growth in the first quarter of 2010 after the global financial crisis.

FactSnippet No. 531,140

Albania produces significant amounts of fruits, vegetables (potatoes, tomatoes, maize, onions, and wheat), sugar beets, tobacco, meat, honey, dairy products, traditional medicine and aromatic plants.

FactSnippet No. 531,141

Secondary sector of Albania have undergone many changes and diversification, since the collapse of the communist regime in the country.

FactSnippet No. 531,142

Albania has the second largest oil deposits in the Balkan peninsula after Romania, and the largest oil reserves in Europe.

FactSnippet No. 531,143

Albania is a significant minerals producer and is ranked among the world's leading chromium producers and exporters.

FactSnippet No. 531,144

Eagle, Vodafone and Telekom Albania are the leading telecommunications service providers in the country.

FactSnippet No. 531,145

Albania had only 500, 000 visitors in 2005, while in 2012 had an estimated 4.

FactSnippet No. 531,146

Highways and motorways in Albania are properly maintained and often still under construction and renovation.

FactSnippet No. 531,147

The specific location of this railway, connecting the most populated urban areas in Albania, merely makes it an important economic development project.

FactSnippet No. 531,148

Currently, the electricity generation sector of Albania is dependent on hydroelectricity simultaneously ranking fifth in the world in percentage terms.

FactSnippet No. 531,149

Water resources of Albania are particularly abundant in all the regions of the country and comprise lakes, rivers, springs and groundwater aquifers.

FactSnippet No. 531,150

Albania was ranked 84th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021.

FactSnippet No. 531,151

Vodafone Albania alone served more than 931, 000 mobile users, Telekom Albania had about 605, 000 users and Albtelecom had more than 272, 000 users.

FactSnippet No. 531,152

Albania recognises nine national or cultural minorities: Aromanian, Greek, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Serb, Roma, Egyptian, Bosnian and Bulgarian peoples.

FactSnippet No. 531,153

Albania is nevertheless ranked among the least religious countries in the world.

FactSnippet No. 531,154

Albania is a secular and religiously diverse country with no official religion and thus, freedom of religion, belief and conscience are guaranteed under the country's constitution.

FactSnippet No. 531,155

Some smaller Christian sects in Albania include Evangelicals and several Protestant communities including Seventh-day Adventist Church, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Jehovah's Witnesses.

FactSnippet No. 531,156

The first recorded Protestant of Albania was Said Toptani, who travelled around Europe and returned to Tirana in 1853, where he preached Protestantism.

FactSnippet No. 531,157

Flag of Albania is a red flag with a black double-headed eagle positioned in the centre.

FactSnippet No. 531,158

Artistic history of Albania has been particularly influenced by a multitude of ancient and medieval people, traditions and religions.

FactSnippet No. 531,159

Architecture of Albania reflects the legacy of various civilisations tracing back to the classical antiquity.

FactSnippet No. 531,160

Major cities in Albania have evolved from within the castle to include dwellings, religious and commercial structures, with constant redesigning of town squares and evolution of building techniques.

FactSnippet No. 531,161

Tave kosi is the national dish of Albania, consisting of lamb and rice baked under a thick, tart veil of yoghurt.

FactSnippet No. 531,162

Albania has a long and ancient history of wine production, and belongs to the Old World of wine producing countries.

FactSnippet No. 531,163

Albania was ranked 84th on the Press Freedom Index of 2020 compiled by the Reporters Without Borders, with its score steadily declining since 2003.

FactSnippet No. 531,164

Radio Televizioni Shqiptar is the national broadcaster corporation of Albania operating numerous television and radio stations in the country.

FactSnippet No. 531,165

Every cultural and geographical region of Albania has its own specific variety of costume that vary in style, material, colour, shape, detail, and form.

FactSnippet No. 531,166

Albania has been mentioned as a possible recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature several times.

FactSnippet No. 531,167

Albania participated at the Olympic Games in 1972 for the first time.

FactSnippet No. 531,168

Albania missed the next four games, two of them due to the 1980 and 1984 boycotts, but returned for the 1992 games in Barcelona.

FactSnippet No. 531,169

Albania normally competes in events that include swimming, athletics, weightlifting, shooting and wrestling.

FactSnippet No. 531,170