27 Facts About Nobel Prize


In 1894, Nobel Prize purchased the Bofors iron and steel mill, which he made into a major armaments manufacturer.

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In 1888, Nobel Prize was astonished to read his own obituary, titled "The merchant of death is dead", in a French newspaper.

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The article disconcerted Nobel Prize and made him apprehensive about how he would be remembered.

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On 10 December 1896, Alfred Nobel Prize died in his villa in San Remo, Italy, from a cerebral haemorrhage.

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Nobel Prize composed the last over a year before he died, signing it at the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris on 27 November 1895.

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The Nobel Foundation reached an agreement on guidelines for how the prizes should be awarded; and, in 1900, the Nobel Foundation's newly created statutes were promulgated by King Oscar II.

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Nobel Prize Foundation was founded as a private organization on 29 June 1900.

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In many ways, the Nobel Foundation is similar to an investment company, in that it invests Nobel's money to create a solid funding base for the prizes and the administrative activities.

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The Nobel Prize Foundation is exempt from all taxes in Sweden and from investment taxes in the United States (since 1953).

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Nobel Committee's Physics Prize shortlist cited Wilhelm Rontgen's discovery of X-rays and Philipp Lenard's work on cathode rays.

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The first Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize went to the German physiologist and microbiologist Emil von Behring.

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The remaining members escaped persecution from the Germans when the Nobel Prize Foundation stated that the committee building in Oslo was Swedish property.

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The board of the Nobel Foundation decided that after this addition, it would allow no further new prizes.

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The Literature Nobel Prize is typically awarded to recognise a cumulative lifetime body of work rather than a single achievement.

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The Prizes awarded in Sweden's ceremonies are held at the Stockholm Concert Hall, with the Nobel banquet following immediately at Stockholm City Hall.

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Between 1902 and 2010, the Nobel Prize medals were minted by Myntverket, Sweden's oldest company, which ceased operations in 2011 after 107 years.

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The Nobel Prize medals are registered trademarks of the Nobel Foundation.

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Past Peace Nobel Prize laureates were divided, some saying that Obama deserved the award, and others saying he had not secured the achievements to yet merit such an accolade.

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Nobel Prize alleged that Jelinek's works were "a mass of text shovelled together without artistic structure".

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In 1948, the year of Gandhi's death, the Norwegian Nobel Prize Committee decided to make no award that year on the grounds that "there was no suitable living candidate".

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The Economics Prize was not awarded to Fischer Black, who died in 1995, when his co-author Myron Scholes received the honor in 1997 for their landmark work on option pricing along with Robert C Merton, another pioneer in the development of valuation of stock options.

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Alfred Nobel left his fortune to finance annual prizes to be awarded "to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind".

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Peter Nobel describes the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel as a "false Nobel prize" that dishonours his relative Alfred Nobel, after whom the prize is named, and considers economics to be a pseudoscience.

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The Physics Nobel Prize was awarded to Manne Siegbahn in 1924, followed by his son, Kai Siegbahn, in 1981.

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Frits Zernike, who was awarded the 1953 Physics Nobel Prize, is the great-uncle of 1999 Physics laureate Gerard 't Hooft.

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In 1964, Jean-Paul Sartre was awarded the Literature Nobel Prize but refused, stating, "A writer must refuse to allow himself to be transformed into an institution, even if it takes place in the most honourable form.

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Statue and memorial symbol Planet of Alfred Nobel Prize was opened in Alfred Nobel Prize University of Economics and Law in Dnipro, Ukraine in 2008.

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