17 Facts About Ancona


Ancona is the capital of the province of Ancona and of the region.

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Ancona is one of the main ports on the Adriatic Sea, especially for passenger traffic, and is the main economic and demographic centre of the region.

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Ancona was populated as a region by Picentes since the 6th century BC who developed a small town there.

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Ancona was attacked successively by the Goths and Lombards between the 3rd and 5th centuries, but recovered its strength and importance.

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An oligarchic republic, Ancona was ruled by six Elders, elected by the three terzieri into which the city was divided: S Pietro, Porto and Capodimonte.

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Ancona was usually allied with the Republic of Ragusa and the Byzantine Empire.

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In 1532 Ancona definitively lost its freedom and became part of the Papal States, under Pope Clement VII.

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Together with Rome and Avignon in southern France, Ancona was one of three cities in the Papal States in which the Jews were allowed to stay after 1569, living in the ghetto built after 1555.

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Ancona entered the Kingdom of Italy when Christophe Leon Louis Juchault de Lamoriciere surrendered here on 29 September 1860, eleven days after his defeat at Castelfidardo.

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Ancona was one of the most important Italian ports on the Adriatic Sea during the Great War.

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From 1300 and on, the Jewish community of Ancona grew steadily, most due to the city importance and it being a center of trade with the Levant.

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Jews of Ancona received full emancipation in 1848 with the election of Pope Pius IX.

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Climate of Ancona is humid subtropical and the city lies on the border between mediterranean and more continental regions.

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The average age of Ancona residents is 48, compared to the Italian average of 42.

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Ancona Cathedral, dedicated to Judas Cyriacus, was consecrated at the beginning of the 11th century and completed in 1189.

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Ancona is served by Ancona Airport, in Falconara Marittima and named after Raffaello Sanzio.

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Ancona is served by an urban and suburban bus network operated by Conerobus.

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