17 Facts About Yugoslavia


Yugoslavia was renamed the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1945, when a communist government was established.

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From 1993 to 2017, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia tried political and military leaders from the former Yugoslavia for war crimes, genocide, and other crimes committed during those wars.

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Yugoslavia was the result of the Corfu Declaration, as a joint project of the Slovene and Croatian intellectuals and the Serbian Royal Parliament in exile and the Serbian royal Karadordevic dynasty, who became the Yugoslav royal dynasty following the foundation of the state.

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Yugoslavia hoped to curb separatist tendencies and mitigate nationalist passions.

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Yugoslavia imposed a new constitution and relinquished his dictatorship in 1931.

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Yugoslavia decided to abolish Yugoslavia's historic regions, and new internal boundaries were drawn for provinces or banovinas.

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On 25 November 1942, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia was convened in Bihac, modern day Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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On 31 January 1946, the new constitution of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, modelled after the constitution of the Soviet Union, established six republics, an autonomous province, and an autonomous district that were part of Serbia.

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Yugoslavia solved the national issue of nations and nationalities in a way that all nations and nationalities had the same rights.

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Yugoslav federation was constructed against a double background: an inter-war Yugoslavia which had been dominated by the Serbian ruling class; and a war-time division of the country, as Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany split the country apart and endorsed an extreme Croatian nationalist faction called the Ustase.

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However, the "Croatian Spring" protest in the 1970s was backed by large numbers of Croats who claimed that Yugoslavia remained a Serb hegemony and demanded that Serbia's powers be reduced.

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However, even if the absolute value of the growth rates was not as high as indicated by the official statistics, both the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia were characterized by surprisingly high growth rates of both income and education during the 1950s.

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The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia aspired to be a sole legal successor to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but those claims were opposed by the other former republics.

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Yugoslavia had always been a home to a very diverse population, not only in terms of national affiliation, but religious affiliation.

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Likewise, the Serbian Orthodox Church received favorable treatment, and Yugoslavia did not did not engage in anti-religious campaigns to the extent of other countries in the Eastern Bloc.

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Kingdom of Yugoslavia had unitary policies, suppressed autonomy and proclaimed the official ideology to be that Serbs, Croats, Bosniaks, Montenegrins, Macedonians and Slovenes were tribes of one nation of Yugoslavs, to the heavy disagreement and resistance from Croats and other ethnic groups; this was interpreted as gradual Serbianization of Yugoslavia's non-Serb population.

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The ruling Communist Party of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was ideologically opposed to ethnic unitarism and royal hegemony, and instead promoted ethnic diversity and social Yugoslavism within the notion of "brotherhood and unity", while organizing the country as a federation.

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