37 Facts About Corfu


Corfu eventually fell under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars, and was eventually ceded to Greece by the British government along with the remaining islands of the United States of the Ionian Islands.

FactSnippet No. 562,686

Corfu is the origin of the Ionian Academy, the first university of the modern Greek state, and the Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfu, the first Greek theatre and opera house of modern Greece.

FactSnippet No. 562,687

Corfu is located near the Kefalonia geological fault formation; earthquakes have occurred.

FactSnippet No. 562,688

Corfu is a continental island; its fauna is similar to that of the opposite mainland.

FactSnippet No. 562,689

At a date no doubt previous to the foundation of Syracuse, Corfu was peopled by settlers from Corinth, probably 730 BC, but it appears to have previously received a stream of emigrants from Eretria.

FactSnippet No. 562,690

Corfu offered Corfu as dowry to his daughter Lanassa on her marriage to Pyrrhus, King of Epirus.

FactSnippet No. 562,691

In 551, during the Gothic War, the Ostrogoths raided the island and destroyed the city of Corfu, then known as Chersoupolis because of its location between Garitsa Bay and Kanoni.

FactSnippet No. 562,692

Indeed, traveller reports from throughout the middle Byzantine period make clear that Corfu was "an important staging post for travels between East and West".

FactSnippet No. 562,693

Indeed, the medieval name of Corfu first appears in Liutprand of Cremona's account of his 968 embassy to the Byzantine court.

FactSnippet No. 562,694

Corfu enjoyed relative peace and safety during the Macedonian dynasty, which allowed the construction of a monumental church to Saints Iason and Sosipatrus outside the city wall of Palaiopolis.

FactSnippet No. 562,695

Three times on the space of a century Corfu was the first target and served as a staging area for the Norman invasions of Byzantium.

FactSnippet No. 562,696

From 1386, Corfu was controlled by the Republic of Venice, which in 1401 acquired formal sovereignty and retained it until the French Occupation of 1797.

FactSnippet No. 562,697

Corfu became central for the propagation of the activities of the Filiki Etaireia among the Greek Diaspora and philhellenic societies across Europe, through nobles like Ioannis Kapodistrias and Dionysios Romas.

FactSnippet No. 562,698

Corfu repulsed several Ottoman sieges, before passing under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars.

FactSnippet No. 562,699

Will Durant claimed that Corfu owed to the Republic of Venice the fact that it was one of the few parts of Greece never conquered by the Ottomans.

FactSnippet No. 562,700

Second great siege of Corfu took place in 1716, during the last Ottoman–Venetian War.

FactSnippet No. 562,701

The repulse of the Ottomans was widely celebrated in Europe, Corfu being seen as a bastion of Western civilization against the Ottoman tide.

FactSnippet No. 562,702

From 1386 to 1797, Corfu was ruled by Venetian nobility; much of the city reflects this era when the island belonged to the Republic of Venice, with multi-storeyed buildings on narrow lanes.

FactSnippet No. 562,703

The Old Town of Corfu has clear Venetian influence and is amongst the World Heritage Sites in Greece.

FactSnippet No. 562,704

The Cathedral of St James and St Christopher in Corfu City is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Corfu, Zakynthos and Cephalonia.

FactSnippet No. 562,705

Corfu became the seat of the British Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands.

FactSnippet No. 562,706

Corfu was liberated by British troops, specifically the 40th Royal Marine Commando, which landed in Corfu on 14 October 1944, as the Germans were evacuating Greece.

FactSnippet No. 562,707

Old Town of Corfu city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

FactSnippet No. 562,708

City of Corfu stands on the broad part of a peninsula, whose termination in the Venetian citadel is cut off from it by an artificial fosse formed in a natural gully, with a seawater moat at the bottom, that now serves as a marina and is called the Contrafossa.

FactSnippet No. 562,709

Kardaki Temple is an Archaic Doric temple in Corfu, Greece, built around 500 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra, in what is known today as the location Kardaki in the hill of Analipsi in Corfu.

FactSnippet No. 562,710

Temple of Artemis is an Archaic Greek temple in Corfu, built in around 580 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra, in what is known today as the suburb of Garitsa.

FactSnippet No. 562,711

Temple of Hera or Heraion is an archaic temple in Corfu, built around 610 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra, in what is known today as Palaiopolis, and lies within the ground of the Mon Repos estate.

FactSnippet No. 562,712

Tomb of Menecrates or Monument of Menecrates is an Archaic cenotaph in Corfu, built around 600 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra.

FactSnippet No. 562,713

Castles of Corfu, located at strategic points on the island helped defend the island from many invaders and they were instrumental in repulsing repeated Turkish invasions, making Corfu one of the few places in Greece never to be conquered by the Ottomans.

FactSnippet No. 562,714

The phrase "applaudito in Corfu" was a measure of high accolade for an opera performed on the island.

FactSnippet No. 562,715

The Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfu was the first theatre and opera house of modern Greece and the place where the first Greek opera, Spyridon Xyndas' The Parliamentary Candidate was performed.

FactSnippet No. 562,716

Corfu was the capital city of a Venetian protectorate and it benefited from a unique musical and theatrical heritage.

FactSnippet No. 562,717

From 1720, Corfu became the possessor of the first theatre in post-1452 Greece.

FactSnippet No. 562,718

Corfu city is home to the three most prestigious bands – in order of seniority:.

FactSnippet No. 562,719

Corfu is one of the locations in the legend of Simon and Milo, where Simon falls in love temporarily.

FactSnippet No. 562,720

Corfu has ferry services both by traditional ferries to Gaios in the island of Paxoi and as far as Patras and both traditional ferries and advanced retractable airfoil, hydrodynamic-flow, high-speed ferries called "Flying Dolphins" to Igoumenitsa and Sarande in neighbouring Albania.

FactSnippet No. 562,721

Corfu is mostly planted with olive groves and vineyards and has been producing olive oil and wine since antiquity.

FactSnippet No. 562,722