14 Facts About Teide


Teide, or Mount Teide, is a volcano on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Spain.

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Teide is an active volcano: its most recent eruption occurred in late 1909 from the El Chinyero vent on the northwestern Santiago rift.

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Teide is the most visited natural wonder of Spain, the most visited national park in Spain and Europe and – by 2015 – the eighth most visited in the world, with some 3 million visitors yearly.

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Teide was a sacred mountain for the aboriginal Guanches, so it was considered a mythological mountain, as Mount Olympus was to the ancient Greeks.

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The formation of the island and the development of the current Teide volcano took place in the five stages shown in the diagram on the right.

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Teide last erupted in 1909 from the El Chinyero vent, on the Santiago Ridge.

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Teide additionally is considered structurally unstable and its northern flank has a distinctive bulge.

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Teide described the two mountains as "two kings, one rising in the ocean and the other in the desert and steppes".

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The shadow has a perfectly triangular shape, even though Teide's silhouette does not; this is an effect of aerial perspective.

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Teide National Park is a useful volcanic reference point for studies related to Mars because of the similarities in their environmental conditions and geological formations.

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The Teide Observatory is operated by the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.

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Teide is the main symbol of Tenerife and the most emblematic natural monument of the Canary Islands.

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An image of Teide, gushing flames, appears at the centre of Tenerife's coat of arms.

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Teide has been depicted frequently throughout history, from the earliest engravings made by European conquerors to typical Canarian craft objects, on the back of 1000-peseta notes, in oil paintings and on postcards.

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