12 Facts About North Africa


North Africa or Northern Africa is a region encompassing the northern portion of the African continent.

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North Africa includes the Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla, and plazas de soberania and can be considered to include other Spanish, Portuguese and Italian regions such as Canary Islands, Madeira, Lampedusa and Lampione.

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The Islamic influence in the area is significant, and North Africa is a major part of the Muslim world.

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North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east.

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North Africa'sltered valleys in the Atlas Mountains, the Nile Valley and Delta, and the Mediterranean coast are the main sources of fertile farming land.

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Inhabitants of North Africa are roughly divided in a manner corresponding to the principal geographic regions of North Africa: the Maghreb, the Nile valley, and the Sahel.

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The largest ethnic groups in North Africa are Arabs, Berbers are considered the second largest ethnicity in north Africa in the west and the Arabs are a majority in the east approaching the Middle East.

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Diverse peoples of North Africa are usually categorized along ethno-linguistic lines.

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The Phoenicians colonized much of North Africa including Carthage and parts of present-day Morocco.

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North Africa's ingeniously devised a method to extend the cowhide to a high proportion, thus gaining a large territory.

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The loss of North Africa is considered a pinnacle point in the fall of the Western Roman Empire as Africa had previously been an important grain province that maintained Roman prosperity despite the barbarian incursions, and the wealth required to create new armies.

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The issue of regaining North Africa became paramount to the Western Empire, but was frustrated by Vandal victories.

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