27 Facts About Spanish language


The oldest Latin texts with traces of Spanish come from mid-northern Iberia in the 9th century, and the first systematic written use of the language happened in Toledo, a prominent city of the Kingdom of Castile, in the 13th century.

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In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only but, the language from the Kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan.

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Spanish language'spania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.

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The written standard for this new Spanish language was developed in the cities of Toledo, in the 13th to 16th centuries, and Madrid, from the 1570s.

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In early Spanish language it merged with the consonant written b (a bilabial with plosive and fricative allophones).

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In modern Spanish language, there is no difference between the pronunciation of orthographic and, with some exceptions in Caribbean Spanish language.

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Typical of Spanish language, attributed by some scholars to a Basque substratum was the mutation of Latin initial into whenever it was followed by a vowel that did not diphthongize.

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Spanish language is spoken by immigrant communities in other European countries, such as the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany.

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Nationally, Spanish is the official language—either de facto or de jure—of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (co-official with 63 indigenous languages), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay (co-official with Guarani), Peru (co-official with Quechua, Aymara, and "the other indigenous languages"), Puerto Rico (co-official with English), Uruguay, and Venezuela.

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The Spanish language has a long history of presence in the United States due to early Spanish and, later, Mexican administration over territories now forming the southwestern states, Louisiana ruled by Spain from 1762 to 1802, as well as Florida, which was Spanish territory until 1821, and Puerto Rico which was Spanish until 1898.

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Spanish language is used in administration in the state of New Mexico.

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The language has a strong influence in major metropolitan areas such as those of Los Angeles, Miami, San Antonio, New York, San Francisco, Dallas, Tucson and Phoenix of the Arizona Sun Corridor, as well as more recently, Chicago, Las Vegas, Boston, Denver, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Salt Lake City, Atlanta, Nashville, Orlando, Tampa, Raleigh and Baltimore-Washington, D C due to 20th- and 21st-century immigration.

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Equatorial Guinea is the only Sub-Saharan Spanish language-speaking country, where it was introduced by the 19th century once the Spain's control over its colonies in the gulf of Guinea acquired in 1778 consolidated.

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Whereas Spanish is not the mother tongue of any of its speakers, Equatorial Guinea features a higher proportion of proficient speakers of the colonizing language relative to the respective metropolitan languages in other West and Central African nations.

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Spanish language is spoken by very small communities in Angola due to Cuban influence from the Cold War and in South Sudan among South Sudanese natives that relocated to Cuba during the Sudanese wars and returned for their country's independence.

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The varieties of Spanish language spoken in Ceuta and Melilla are closer to, respectively, Western and Eastern Andalusian speech patterns.

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Likewise, in line with the sociolinguistic situation in the adjoining territory, Spanish language is respectively in contact with Moroccan Arabic and Riffian (Melilla).

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Today, Spanish is present in the partially-recognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, where the Spanish-language teaching is largely preserved by Cuban educators.

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Gradually however, the American government began promoting the use of English at the expense of Spanish language, characterizing it as a negative influence of the past.

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Nevertheless, despite a significant decrease in influence and speakers, Spanish remained an official language of the Philippines upon independence in 1946, alongside English and Filipino, a standardized version of Tagalog.

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Spanish language was briefly removed from official status in 1973 under the administration of Ferdinand Marcos, but regained official status two months later under Presidential Decree No 155, dated 15 March 1973.

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However, the initiative failed to gain any traction, with the number of secondary schools at which the Spanish language is either a compulsory subject or offered as an elective remaining very limited.

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Spanish language syntax is considered right-branching, meaning that subordinate or modifying constituents tend to be placed after head words.

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Additionally, Spanish is the second most spoken language in the United States and is by far the most popular foreign language among students.

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Main morphological variations between dialects of Spanish language involve differing uses of pronouns, especially those of the second person and, to a lesser extent, the object pronouns of the third person.

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Virtually all dialects of Spanish language make the distinction between a formal and a familiar register in the second-person singular and thus have two different pronouns meaning "you": in the formal and either or in the familiar, with the choice of or varying from one dialect to another.

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Therefore, its relationship to Spanish is comparable with that of the Yiddish language to German.

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