101 Facts About El Salvador

1. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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2. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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3. El Salvador is small both in size and population, with just 6.5 million people.

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4. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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5. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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6. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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7. El Salvador has a decades-long history of migration to the US, and remittances made up 18 percent of the country's gross domestic product in 2017.

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8. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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9. El Salvador is a relatively small country similar in size to Israel.

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10. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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11. El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement—negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic—with the United States in 2004.

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12. El Salvador was unable to influence the outcome of the insurrection.

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13. El Salvador began a fourth term in 1944, but resigned in May after a general strike.

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14. El Salvador ruled from 1935 to 1939, then from 1939 to 1943.

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15. El Salvador thought he would easily defeat this new indigenous force since his Mexican allies and the Pipil of Cuzcatlan spoke a similar language.

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16. El Salvador has a lot to offer for such a small country.

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17. El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America by size and the only one with no access to the Atlantic Ocean.

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18. In 2015 El Salvador was the country with the most homicides in the world with the numbers exceeding murder rate in war zones.

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19. El Salvador has the highest homicide rate in the world for youth under 19, reports USAID.

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20. El Salvador is one of the richest surfing destinations in the world.

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21. El Salvador is one of the only countries to go to war with Honduras over a soccer game.

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22. El Salvador has some of the world's most active volcanoes.

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23. El Salvador has a rich history of famous people including Claribel Alegria a great writer of fiction.

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24. El Salvador holds one of the Unesco World heritage sites.

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25. In 2002, El Salvador was the premiere location for the Central American and Caribbean sports games.

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26. El Salvador is ranked 16th among 32 countries in the Americas region, and its overall score is above the regional and world averages.

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27. El Salvador used to be a Spanish colony but won its independence on Sept 15, 1821.

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28. El Salvador is the most densely populated country in Central America.

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29. El Salvador is 75 percent Roman Catholic but has a growing Protestant movement.

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30. El Salvador is a country of 8,260 square miles in Central America, between Guatemala and Honduras.

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31. El Salvador is known to have some of the most active volcanoes in Central America.

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32. El Salvador was the first Central American country to "dollarize" its economy, introducing the dollar as legal tender on January 1, 2001.

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33. El Salvador has signed the Hague Convention on the Legalization of Documents.

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34. El Salvador was a province under the administration of colonial authorities based in Guatemala.

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35. El Salvador has already signed free trade agreements with Mexico, Chile, the Dominican Republic and Panama, and increased its exports to those countries.

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36. El Salvador has the highest population density in Central America, averaging 725 people per square mile.

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37. El Salvador is on the western coast of Central America.

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38. El Salvador contains hundreds of tiny lakes, and a few larger ones.

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39. El Salvador is one of the most seismically active, hence earthquake-vulnerable areas in the Western Hemisphere.

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40. El Salvador is the smallest, most densely populated country in Middle America.

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41. El Salvador adopted the US dollar as its national currency in 2001.

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42. El Salvador signed separate free trade agreements with Chile, Mexico, and Panama, with negotiations underway for similar agreements with Canada and other American nations.

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43. El Salvador was one of only four Latin American nations to join the US-led coalition that invaded Iraq and by 2006 it was the only one of them that continued to maintain troops there.

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44. The Communist Party of El Salvador, organized in 1925, reflected more radical opposition, whose most outspoken representative was Agustin Farabundo Marti.

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45. El Salvador was the last of the Central American states to declare itself formally a separate, sovereign republic, in 1856.

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46. El Salvador is troubled by gang violence that has spilled over into Salvadoran neighborhoods in the United States.

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47. El Salvador is the largest consumer of geothermal energy in Central America.

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48. El Salvador has fewer mineral resources than any other Central American country.

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49. El Salvador is the world's main source of balsam, a medicinal gum.

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50. In the 1970s El Salvador was the most industrialized nation in Central America, although a dozen years of civil war eroded this position.

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51. El Salvador is divided into 14 departments and 262 municipalities.

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52. El Salvador had 283 kilometers of public-service railroad tracks in 2004.

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53. El Salvador has several lakes, the largest being Ilopango, Guija, and Coatepeque.

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54. El Salvador is a democratic country with a developing economy.

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55. El Salvador has already signed free trade agreements with Mexico, Chile, the Dominican Republic, and Panama, and increased its exports to those countries.

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56. El Salvador suffered from two earthquakes at the beginning of 2001 and from Hurricane Mitch in 1998.

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57. El Salvador obtains concessional loans for development projects from the World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, the Bank for Central American Integration, and certain other international institutions.

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58. El Salvador ratified the agreement in December 2004, the first nation in Central America to do so.

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59. El Salvador will hold legislative and municipal elections on March 12, 2006.

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60. El Salvador has been a committed member of the coalition of nations fighting against terrorism and has sent 10 rotations of troops to Iraq to support Operation Iraqi Freedom.

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61. El Salvador is one of only two countries to maintain its embassy in Jerusalem.

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62. El Salvador is one of the smallest communities in Latin America.

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63. El Salvador is 75 percent Roman Catholic but has a growing Protestant movement.

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64. El Salvador has paid for these programs in part through generous foreign aid.

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65. El Salvador is a country of 8,260 square miles in Central America, between Guatemala and Honduras.

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66. El Salvador is the smallest Latin American republic and the most densely populated; overpopulation is a critical problem.

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67. El Salvador contains hundreds of tiny lakes and a few larger ones.

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68. El Salvador is one of the most seismically active, earthquake-vulnerable areas in the Western Hemisphere.

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69. El Salvador is divided into three geographic regions: the hot, narrow Pacific coastal belt; the central plateau; and the northern lowlands.

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70. El Salvador is located on the south side of the Central America isthmus.

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71. El Salvador needs to create a politically aware population in order to reorganize.

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72. The Constitution of El Salvador declared that elementary education was free and compulsory for all children between the ages of seven and fifteen.

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73. El Salvador was dominated by the Pipils, who were descendants of Nahua and Aztec.

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74. El Salvador is predominantly Roman Catholic, but a number of other churches are represented.

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75. El Salvador is not only Central America's smallest country, but it is the most densely populated country in the Western Hemisphere, with an average population of approximately 298 people per square kilometer.

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76. The University of El Salvador had a department of periodismo and was dedicated to creating professionals in the area of communication.

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77. The University of El Salvador offered both a master's and a 5-year Licenciatura in Journalism with an extremely well organized plan of study through the faculty of Science and Humanities.

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78. El Salvador had television stations on the Web, satellite television, and an international cable television network.

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79. El Salvador had an estimated population as of 2002 of over 6 million, a higher population density than India, and a gross national product of US$938 per capita.

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80. El Salvador refuses to join union with Mexico, insists on maintaining its independence.

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81. El Salvador is highly polluted and suffers from severe environmental degradation.

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82. El Salvador is dependent on the United States for a majority of its trade.

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83. El Salvador relies primarily on financial services and manufacturing for the generation of export revenue.

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84. In 2000, the population of El Salvador was about 6.2 million and was growing by approximately 2.1 percent a year.

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85. El Salvador officially uses the metric system of weights and measures but, because of its proximity to the US and the extensive trade between the two countries, US standards are fairly well known and used.

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86. The Union Church in San El Salvador has an extensive lending library of paperbacks; these can be purchased in the large hotels and from various bookshops.

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87. El Salvador has four commercial television channels that transmit in color.

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88. The American School in San El Salvador offers a two-year program in English.

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89. El Salvador is a democratic republic governed by a president and an 84-member unicameral Legislative Assembly.

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90. El Salvador is Central America's second most densely populated country, with an estimated 292 inhabitants per square mile.

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91. The National Zoological Park in San El Salvador, established in 1961, maintains a natural science museum.

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92. El Salvador received approximately $250 million in direct investments in 1999, the majority from the United States.

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93. El Salvador has no known exploitable reserves of fossil fuels.

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94. El Salvador accepts compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice with reservations.

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95. El Salvador was particularly supportive of the liberals and the rule of liberal Honduran Francisco Morazan, as opposed to the conservative Guatemalan Rafael Carrera.

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96. El Salvador is a land of mountains and once-fertile upland plains.

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97. El Salvador has historically been characterized by marked socioeconomic inequality.

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98. In 1969, El Salvador invaded Honduras after Honduran landowners deported several thousand Salvadorans.

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99. El Salvador is bounded by Honduras to the north and east, by the Pacific Ocean to the south, and by Guatemala to the northwest.

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100. El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated of the seven Central American countries.

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101. In 2006, El Salvador was the first country to ratify the Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement, which has bolstered the export of processed foods, sugar, and ethanol, and supported investment in the apparel sector amid increased Asian competition.

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