51 Facts About El Salvador


El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is a country in Central America.

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El Salvador's economy has historically been dominated by agriculture, beginning with the Spanish taking control of the indigenous cacao crop in the 16th century, with production centered in Izalco, along with balsam from the ranges of La Libertad and Ahuachapan.

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El Salvador has since reduced its dependence on coffee and embarked on diversifying its economy by opening up trade and financial links and expanding the manufacturing sector.

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The palaeontological site was discovered accidentally in 2000, and in the following year, an excavation by the Museum of Natural History of El Salvador revealed several remnants of Cuvieronius and 18 other species of vertebrates including giant tortoises, Megatherium, Glyptodon, Toxodon, extinct horses, paleo-llamas.

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El Salvador thought he would easily deal this new indigenous force since the Mexican allies on his side and the Pipil spoke a similar language.

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In 1821, El Salvador joined Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua in a union named the Federal Republic of Central America.

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El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries.

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Until 1913 El Salvador was politically stable, with undercurrents of popular discontent.

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El Salvador's government lasted only nine months before it was overthrown by junior military officers who accused his Labor Party of lacking political and governmental experience and of using its government offices inefficiently.

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El Salvador resigned six months prior to running for re-election, winning back the presidency as the only candidate on the ballot.

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El Salvador began a fourth term in 1944 but resigned in May after a general strike.

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On 22 January 1932, thousands of poorly armed peasants in the western part of the El Salvador revolted against the government Hernandez Martinez.

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El Salvador was unable to influence the outcome of the insurrection.

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Oscar Romero, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of San El Salvador, denounced injustices and massacres committed against civilians by government forces.

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El Salvador was considered "the voice of the voiceless", but he was assassinated by a death squad while saying Mass on 24 March 1980.

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On 16 January 1992, the government of El Salvador, represented by president Alfredo Cristiani, and the FMLN, represented by the commanders of the five guerrilla groups – Schafik Handal, Joaquin Villalobos, Salvador Sanchez Ceren, Francisco Jovel and Eduardo Sancho, all signed peace agreements brokered by the United Nations ending the 12-year civil war.

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El Salvador was the first former guerrilla to become the president of El Salvador.

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In October 2017, an El Salvador court ruled that former president Funes and one of his sons had illegally enriched themselves.

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El Salvador represented GANA, as he was denied participating with the newly formed Nuevas Ideas party.

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El Salvador has over 300 rivers, the most important of which is the Rio Lempa.

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El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons.

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El Salvador has over twenty volcanoes; two of them, San Miguel and Izalco, have been active in recent years.

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El Salvador is home to six terrestrial ecosystems: Central American montane forests, Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forests, Central American dry forests, Central American pine-oak forests, Gulf of Fonseca mangroves, and Northern Dry Pacific Coast mangroves.

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El Salvador has a democratic and representative government, whose three bodies are:.

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Political framework of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multiform, multi-party system.

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El Salvador is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies.

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El Salvador is a member of the World Trade Organization and is pursuing regional free trade agreements.

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In November 1950, El Salvador was the only country to help the newly empowered 14th Dalai Lama by supporting his Tibetan Government cabinet minister's telegram requesting an appeal before the General Assembly of the United Nations to stop the annexation of Tibet by the People's Republic of China.

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Armed Forces of El Salvador have three branches: the Salvadoran Army, the Salvadoran Air Force and the Navy of El Salvador.

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In 2017, El Salvador signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

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El Salvador is a party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

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El Salvador is divided into 14 departments, which in turn are subdivided into 262 municipalities .

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El Salvador's economy has been hampered at times by natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes, by government policies that mandate large economic subsidies, and by official corruption.

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In 2006, El Salvador was the first country to ratify the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement — negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic — with the United States.

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El Salvador leads the region in remittances per capita, with inflows equivalent to nearly all export income; in 2019 2.

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Remittances from Salvadorans living in the United States, sent to family members in El Salvador, are a major source of foreign income and offset the trade deficit.

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Nevertheless, El Salvador receives less FDI than other countries of Central America.

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However, El Salvador is the second most 'business friendly' country in South America in terms of business taxation.

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In 2008, El Salvador sought international arbitration against Italy's Enel Green Power, on behalf of Salvadoran state-owned electric companies for a geothermal project Enel had invested in.

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Four years later, Enel indicated it would seek arbitration against El Salvador, blaming the government for technical problems that prevent it from completing its investment.

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El Salvador's rating compares relatively well with Panama and Costa Rica .

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Airport serving international flights in El Salvador is Monsenor Oscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport.

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El Salvador's population is composed of mixed races as well as people of indigenous, European, or Afro-descendant ancestry among smaller diasporas of Middle and Far Eastern groups.

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Universities in El Salvador include a central public institution, the Universidad de El Salvador, and many other specialized private universities.

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El Salvador was ranked 96th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 108th in 2019.

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Since the early twenty-first century, El Salvador has experienced high crime rates, including gang-related crimes and juvenile delinquency.

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El Salvador had the highest murder rate in the world in 2012 but experienced a sharp decline in 2019 with a new centrist government in power.

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El Salvador finished the 2017 with an average of 11 homicides per day.

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Significant foreign personalities in El Salvador were the Jesuit priests and professors Ignacio Ellacuria, Ignacio Martin-Baro, and Segundo Montes, who were murdered in 1989 by the Salvadoran Army during the height of the civil war.

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Horchata from El Salvador has a very distinct taste and is not to be confused with Mexican horchata, which is rice-based.

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El Salvador's well known folk dance is known as Xuc which originated in Cojutepeque, Cuscatlan.

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