32 Facts About Paraguay


Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a landlocked country in South America.

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The Paraguay River was roughly the dividing line between the agricultural Guarani people to the east and the nomadic and semi-nomadic people to the west in the Gran Chaco.

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Catholicism in Paraguay was influenced by the indigenous peoples; the syncretic religion has absorbed native elements.

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Paraguay overthrew the local Spanish administration on 14 May 1811.

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Paraguay intended to create a utopian society based on the French theorist Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract.

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Paraguay cut off relations between Paraguay and the rest of South America.

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Paraguay signed a non-aggression pact with Argentina and officially declared independence of Paraguay in 1842.

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Between 1904 and 1954 Paraguay had thirty-one presidents, most of whom were removed from office by force.

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Paraguay was modernized to some extent under Stroessner's regime, although his rule was marked by extensive human rights abuses.

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Paraguay used national police and civilian vigilantes of the Colorado Party to break up demonstrations.

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Impeachment was quickly approved and the resulting trial in Paraguay's Senate, controlled by the opposition, ended with the removal of Lugo from office and Vice President Federico Franco assuming the duties of president.

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However, the Organization of American States, which sent a mission to Paraguay to gather information, concluded that the impeachment process was not a coup d'etat, as it had been carried out in accordance with the Constitution of Paraguay.

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Paraguay is divided by the Rio Paraguay into two well differentiated geographic regions.

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The eastern region ; and the western region, officially called Western Paraguay and known as the Chaco, which is part of the Gran Chaco.

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Paraguay contains six terrestrial ecoregions: Alto Parana Atlantic forests, Chaco, Cerrado, Humid Chaco, Pantanal, and Parana flooded savanna.

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Wildlife in Paraguay include marsh deer, monkeys, armadillos, anteaters, otters, wild boars, tapirs, jaguars, ocelots, bats, and the coypu.

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Paraguay is a representative democratic republic, with a multi-party system and separation of powers across three branches.

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Paraguay's constitution establishes the president of Paraguay as commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

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Paraguay has compulsory military service; all 18-year-old males, as well as 17-year-old males in the year of their 18th birthday, are liable for one year of active duty.

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Paraguay has partnered with Argentina, Brazil, and the United States in regional anti-terrorism and anti-narcotics efforts.

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Paraguay has an economic development policy based on exports and dependence on the Brazilian market prevails.

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In 2010 and 2013, Paraguay experienced the greatest economic expansion of South America, with a GDP growth rate of 14.

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In 2012, Paraguay's government introduced the MERCOSUR system in order to stimulate the economy and job growth through a partnership with both Brazil and Argentina.

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Paraguay is the sixth-largest soybean producer in the world, the second-largest producer of stevia and the ninth-largest exporter of beef.

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Paraguay put in place many incentives aimed to attract industries to the country.

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Paraguay is quickly supplanting foreign suppliers in meeting the country's drug needs.

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Paraguay was ranked 88th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 95th in 2019.

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In February 2022, Paraguay inaugurated 275 km of the road, connecting Carmelo Peralta, on the border with Brazil, to Loma Plata, in the center of the country.

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Paraguay has been implementing the country's first double highway: 149 km of the Route 2, which connects the capital Asuncion to Ciudad del Este, on the border with Brazil .

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All of Paraguay's electricity is generated by hydropower, making it one of the cleanest in the world.

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Average life expectancy in Paraguay is rather high given its poverty: as of 2006, it was 75 years, equivalent to far wealthier Argentina, and the eighth highest in the Americas according to World Health Organization.

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Sport in Paraguay is an important part of the country's national culture.

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