63 Facts About Argentina


Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires.

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Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776.

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Almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh-wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century.

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Argentina is a regional power, and retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs.

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Argentina is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States.

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In English, the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language; however, the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian.

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Argentina means in Italian "(made) of silver, silver coloured", derived from the Latin "argentum" for silver.

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Name Argentina was probably first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto.

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Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.

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Until the period of European colonization, Argentina was relatively sparsely populated by a wide number of diverse cultures with different social organizations, which can be divided into three main groups.

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Argentina secured the allegiance of escaped Filipinos in San Blas who defected from the Spanish to join the Argentine navy, due to common Argentine and Philippine grievances against Spanish colonization.

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Argentina secured the diplomatic recognition of Argentina from King Kamehameha I of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

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Argentina was followed by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento and Nicolas Avellaneda; these three presidencies set up the basis of the modern Argentine State.

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Argentina enacted social and economic reforms and extended assistance to small farms and businesses.

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Argentina stayed neutral during World War I The second administration of Yrigoyen faced an economic crisis, precipitated by the Great Depression.

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Argentina stayed neutral during World War II, a decision that had full British support but was rejected by the United States after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

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Argentina was finally released under mounting pressure from both his base and several allied unions.

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Argentina nationalized strategic industries and services, improved wages and working conditions, paid the full external debt and claimed he achieved nearly full employment.

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Argentina pushed Congress to enact women's suffrage in 1947, and developed a system of social assistance for the most vulnerable sectors of society.

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Argentina encouraged investment to achieve energetic and industrial self-sufficiency, reversed a chronic trade deficit and lifted the ban on Peronism; yet his efforts to stay on good terms with both the Peronists and the military earned him the rejection of both and a new coup forced him out.

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Argentina suffered a final heart attack on Monday, 1 July 1974, and died at 13:15.

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Victims of the violence in Argentina alone included an estimated 15, 000 to 30, 000 left-wing activists and militants, including trade unionists, students, journalists, Marxists, Peronist guerrillas, and alleged sympathizers.

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Argentina received technical support and military aid from the United States government during the Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations.

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Argentina expelled Montoneros from the party and they became a clandestine organization.

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Argentina pardoned the officers who had been sentenced during Alfonsin's government.

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Argentina did not run for reelection, promoting instead the candidacy of his wife, senator Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, who was elected in 2007 and subsequently reelected in 2011.

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On 22 November 2015, after a tie in the first round of presidential elections on 25 October, center-right coalition candidate Mauricio Macri won the first ballotage in Argentina's history, beating Front for Victory candidate Daniel Scioli and becoming president-elect.

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Argentina took office on 10 December 2015 and inherited an economy with a high inflation rate and in a poor shape.

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Argentina ran for re-election in 2019 but lost by nearly eight percentage points to Alberto Fernandez, the Justicialist Party candidate.

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On 14 November 2021, the center-left coalition of Argentina's ruling Peronist party, Frente de Todos, lost its majority in Congress, for the first time in almost 40 years, in midterm legislative elections.

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Argentina is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world hosting one of the greatest ecosystem varieties in the world: 15 continental zones, 2 marine zones, and the Antarctic region are all represented in its territory.

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Argentina had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.

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In general, Argentina has four main climate types: warm, moderate, arid, and cold, all determined by the expanse across latitude, range in altitude, and relief features.

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Climate change in Argentina is predicted to have significant effects on the living conditions in Argentina.

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The climate of Argentina is changing with regards to precipitation patterns and temperatures.

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Argentina is a federation of twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires.

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In 2012 Argentina was elected again to a two-year non-permanent position on the United Nations Security Council and is participating in major peacekeeping operations in Haiti, Cyprus, Western Sahara and the Middle East.

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Argentina is a party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

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Argentina is a Major non-NATO ally since 1998 and an OECD candidate country since January 2022.

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Argentina's defense has historically been one of the best equipped in the region, even managing its own weapon research facilities, shipyards, ordnance, tank and plane factories.

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Argentina is the only Latin American country to maintain troops in Kosovo during SFOR operations where combat engineers of the Argentine Armed Forces are embedded in an Italian brigade.

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Benefiting from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, a diversified industrial base, and an export-oriented agricultural sector, the economy of Argentina is Latin America's third-largest, and the second largest in South America.

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Early in the 20th century Argentina achieved development, and became the world's seventh richest country.

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Argentina settled its long-standing debt default crisis in 2016 with the so-called vulture funds after the election of Mauricio Macri, allowing Argentina to enter capital markets for the first time in a decade.

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Argentina has been a major producer of wheat since before 1900.

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In wine, Argentina is usually among the 10 largest producers in the world.

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Argentina is a traditional meat exporter, having been, in 2019, the 4th world producer of beef, with a production of 3 million tons, the 4th world producer of honey, and the 10th world producer of wool, in addition to other relevant productions.

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However, Argentina has infrastructural deficiencies to carry out the transmission of electricity from uninhabited areas with a lot of wind to the great centers of the country.

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In 1957 Argentina was the first country in Latin America to design and build a research reactor with homegrown technology, the RA-1 Enrico Fermi.

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In 1983, the country admitted having the capability of producing weapon-grade uranium, a major step needed to assemble nuclear weapons; since then, however, Argentina has pledged to use nuclear power only for peaceful purposes.

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Argentina has its own satellite programme, nuclear power station designs and public nuclear energy company INVAP, which provides several countries with nuclear reactors.

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Argentina began the world's first regular radio broadcasting on 27 August 1920, when Richard Wagner's Parsifal was aired by a team of medical students led by Enrique Telemaco Susini in Buenos Aires' Teatro Coliseo.

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Argentina is in the midst of a demographic transition to an older and slower-growing population.

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In 2010, Argentina became the first country in Latin America, the second in the Americas, and the tenth worldwide to legalize same-sex marriage.

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In colonial times, the ethnic composition of Argentina was the result of the interaction of the pre-Columbian indigenous population with a colonizing population of Spanish origin and with sub-Saharan African slaves.

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Between 1857 and 1950 Argentina was the country with the second biggest immigration wave in the world, at 6.

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Argentina is home to a notable Asian population, the majority of whom are descended from either West Asians or East Asians (such as the Chinese, Koreans, and the Japanese).

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Argentina is a member of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance.

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Jorge Luis Borges, Argentina's most acclaimed writer and one of the foremost figures in the history of literature, found new ways of looking at the modern world in metaphor and philosophical debate and his influence has extended to authors all over the globe.

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Argentina was a friend and collaborator of Adolfo Bioy Casares, who wrote one of the most praised science fiction novels, The Invention of Morel.

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Argentina developed strong classical music and dance scenes that gave rise to renowned artists such as Alberto Ginastera, composer; Alberto Lysy, violinist; Martha Argerich and Eduardo Delgado, pianists; Daniel Barenboim, pianist and symphonic orchestra director; Jose Cura and Marcelo Alvarez, tenors; and to ballet dancers Jorge Donn, Jose Neglia, Norma Fontenla, Maximiliano Guerra, Paloma Herrera, Marianela Nunez, Inaki Urlezaga and Julio Bocca.

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Argentina has won seventeen Goya Awards for Best Spanish Language Foreign Film, being by far the most awarded country in Latin America with twenty-four nominations.

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Argentina has won the World Team Cup four times, in 1980, 2002, 2007 and 2010 and has reached the semifinals of the Davis Cup 7 times in the last 10 years, losing the finals against Russia in 2006 and Spain in 2008 and 2011; the Argentine team played the final in 1981, where they lost against the United States.

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