39 Facts About Cyprus


Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.

FactSnippet No. 405,234

Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC.

FactSnippet No. 405,235

Cyprus was placed under the United Kingdom's administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by the UK in 1914.

FactSnippet No. 405,236

Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island, including its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone, with the exception of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which remain under the UK's control according to the London and Zurich Agreements.

FactSnippet No. 405,237

Water wells discovered by archaeologists in western Cyprus are believed to be among the oldest in the world, dated at 9, 000 to 10, 500 years old.

FactSnippet No. 405,238

Cyprus occupies an important role in Greek mythology, being the birthplace of Aphrodite and Adonis, and home to King Cinyras, Teucer and Pygmalion.

FactSnippet No. 405,239

The revolt was suppressed, but Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained inclined towards the Greek world.

FactSnippet No. 405,240

The Kingdoms of Cyprus enjoyed special privileges and a semi-autonomous status, but they were still considered vassal subjects of the Great King.

FactSnippet No. 405,241

In 1191, during the Third Crusade, Richard I of England captured the island from Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus He used it as a major supply base that was relatively safe from the Saracens.

FactSnippet No. 405,242

Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus massacred many Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.

FactSnippet No. 405,243

Ottoman rule of Cyprus was at times indifferent, at times oppressive, depending on the temperaments of the sultans and local officials, and the island began over 250 years of economic decline.

FactSnippet No. 405,244

Nationalistic slogans centred on the idea that "Cyprus is Turkish" and the ruling party declared Cyprus to be a part of the Turkish homeland that was vital to its security.

FactSnippet No. 405,245

On 16 August 1960, Cyprus attained independence after the Zurich and London Agreement between the United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey.

FactSnippet No. 405,246

The Republic of Cyprus considers their presence a violation of the Geneva Convention, whilst many Turkish settlers have since severed their ties to Turkey and their second generation considers Cyprus to be their homeland.

FactSnippet No. 405,247

On 1 May 2004 Cyprus joined the European Union, together with nine other countries.

FactSnippet No. 405,248

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia.

FactSnippet No. 405,249

Cyprus has a subtropical climate – Mediterranean and semi-arid type – Koppen climate classifications Csa and BSh, with very mild winters (on the coast) and warm to hot summers.

FactSnippet No. 405,250

Cyprus has one of the warmest climates in the Mediterranean part of the European Union.

FactSnippet No. 405,251

In 1974 Cyprus was divided de facto when the Turkish army occupied the northern third of the island.

FactSnippet No. 405,252

Republic of Cyprus is divided into six districts: Nicosia, Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos.

FactSnippet No. 405,253

Cyprus has four exclaves, all in territory that belongs to the British Sovereign Base Area of Dhekelia.

FactSnippet No. 405,254

Republic of Cyprus is a member of the following international groups: Australia Group, CN, CE, CFSP, EBRD, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ITUC, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, MIGA, NAM, NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO.

FactSnippet No. 405,255

Cyprus Police is the only National Police Service of the Republic of Cyprus and is under the Ministry of Justice and Public Order since 1993.

FactSnippet No. 405,256

In January 2011, the Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the question of Human Rights in Cyprus noted that the ongoing division of Cyprus continues to affect human rights throughout the island "including freedom of movement, human rights pertaining to the question of missing persons, discrimination, the right to life, freedom of religion, and economic, social and cultural rights".

FactSnippet No. 405,257

Chechi asserts joint Greek and Turkish Cypriot responsibility for the destruction of cultural heritage in Cyprus, noting the destruction of Turkish Cypriot heritage in the hands of Greek Cypriot extremists.

FactSnippet No. 405,258

Cyprus has been sought as a base for several offshore businesses for its low tax rates.

FactSnippet No. 405,259

Economic policy of the Cyprus government has focused on meeting the criteria for admission to the European Union.

FactSnippet No. 405,260

Cyprus is the last EU member fully isolated from energy interconnections and it is expected that it will be connected to European network via EuroAsia Interconnector, 2000 MW HVDC undersea power cable.

FactSnippet No. 405,261

In late 2013, the Cyprus Town Planning Department announced a series of incentives to stimulate the property market and increase the number of property developments in the country's town centres.

FactSnippet No. 405,262

Cyprus is one of only three EU nations in which vehicles drive on the left-hand side of the road, a remnant of British colonisation.

FactSnippet No. 405,263

Cyprus has several heliports and two international airports: Larnaca International Airport and Paphos International Airport.

FactSnippet No. 405,264

Outside Cyprus there are significant and thriving diasporas - both a Greek Cypriot diaspora and a Turkish Cypriot diaspora - in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, the United States, Greece and Turkey.

FactSnippet No. 405,265

Cyprus has a highly developed system of primary and secondary education offering both public and private education.

FactSnippet No. 405,266

Art history of Cyprus can be said to stretch back up to 10, 000 years, following the discovery of a series of Chalcolithic period carved figures in the villages of Khoirokoitia and Lempa.

FactSnippet No. 405,267

Cyprus was due to host the international art festival Manifesta in 2006 but this was cancelled at the last minute following a dispute between the Dutch organizers of Manifesta and the Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture over the location of some of the Manifesta events in the Turkish sector of the capital Nicosia.

FactSnippet No. 405,268

Traditional folk music of Cyprus has several common elements with Greek, Turkish, and Arabic Music, all of which have descended from Byzantine music, including Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot dances such as the sousta, syrtos, zeibekikos, tatsia, and karsilamas as well as the Middle Eastern-inspired tsifteteli and arapies.

FactSnippet No. 405,269

Local television companies in Cyprus include the state owned Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation which runs two television channels.

FactSnippet No. 405,270

The majority of local arts and cultural programming is produced by the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation and BRT, with local arts documentaries, review programmes and filmed drama series.

FactSnippet No. 405,271

Cyprus is well known for its desserts, including lokum and Soutzoukos.

FactSnippet No. 405,272