50 Facts About Zurich


Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zurich.

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Zurich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic.

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Schauspielhaus Zurich is considered to be one of the most important theatres in the German-speaking world.

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Zurich is among the world's largest financial centres despite having a relatively small population.

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Zurich endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zurich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority.

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Zurich gained Imperial immediacy in 1218 with the extinction of the main line of the Zahringer family and attained a status comparable to statehood.

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The famous illuminated manuscript – described as "the most beautifully illumined German manuscript in centuries;" – was commissioned by the Manesse family of Zurich, copied and illustrated in the city at some time between 1304 and 1340.

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The second Jewish community of Zurich, formed towards the end of the 14th century, was short-lived, and Jews were expulsed and banned from the city from 1423 until the 19th century.

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Zurich was the presiding canton of the Diet from 1468 to 1519.

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Zurich was temporarily expelled from the confederacy in 1440 due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg .

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In 1648, Zurich proclaimed itself a republic, shedding its former status of a free imperial city.

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Zurich lost control of the land and its economic privileges, and the city and the canton separated their possessions between 1803 and 1805.

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When Jews began to settle in Zurich following their equality in 1862, the Israelitische Cultusgemeinde Zurich was founded.

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Zurich's was laid out in 1867, and the Zurich Stock Exchange was founded in 1877.

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In 1893, the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zurich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zurich.

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Canton of Zurich did not recognise the Jewish religious communities as legal entities until 2005.

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Blue and white coat of arms of Zurich is attested from 1389 and was derived from banners with blue and white stripes in use since 1315.

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The red on top of the banner had varying interpretations: For the people of Zurich, it was a mark of honour, granted by Rudolph I Zurich's neighbours mocked it as a sign of shame, commemorating the loss of the banner at Winterthur in 1292.

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Previous boundaries of the city of Zurich were more or less synonymous with the location of the old town.

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Two large expansions of the city limits occurred in 1893 and in 1934 when the city of Zurich merged with many surrounding municipalities, that had been growing increasingly together since the 19th century.

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Any resident of Zurich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council.

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Any resident of Zurich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council.

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Zurich is partnered with two sister cities: Kunming and San Francisco.

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Zurich has an oceanic climate, with warm summers and four distinct seasons.

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Decisive for the climate of Zurich are both the winds from westerly directions, which often result in precipitation and, on the other hand, the Bise, which is usually associated with high-pressure situations, but cooler weather phases with temperatures lower than the average.

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In November 2008 the people of Zurich voted in a public referendum to write into law the quantifiable and fixed deadline of one tonne of CO2 per person per annum by 2050.

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Zurich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, and air traffic.

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Zurich Hauptbahnhof is the largest and busiest station in Switzerland and is an important railway hub in Europe.

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Zurich Airport has its own railway station, which is located underground.

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Zurich Airport is served by more than 60 passenger airlines from around the world.

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The Mahmood Mosque Zurich, situated in Forchstrasse, is the first mosque built in Switzerland.

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The Synagoge Zurich Lowenstrasse is the oldest and largest synagogue of Zurich.

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The Greater Zurich Area is Switzerland's economic centre and home to many international companies.

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In particular, Zurich received high scores for work, housing, leisure, education and safety.

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Zurich is ranked the third most expensive city in the world, behind Hong Kong and Tokyo and ahead of Singapore.

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University of Zurich was founded in 1833, although its beginnings date back to 1525 when the Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli founded a college of theology.

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Zurich is one of the co-location centres of the Knowledge and Innovation Community of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology.

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Zurich Film Festival is an international film festival, lasting 11 days and featuring popular international productions.

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One of the largest and most popular annual events in Zurich is the Street Parade, which is one of the largest techno and dance music festivals in the world.

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Kunst Zurich is an international contemporary art fair with an annual guest city; it combines most recent arts with the works of well-established artists.

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Artists like Max Bill, Marcel Breuer, Camille Graeser or Richard Paul Lohse had their ateliers in Zurich, which became even more important after the takeover of power by the Nazi regime in Germany and World War II.

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Best known traditional holiday in Zurich is the Sechselauten, including a parade of the guilds and the burning of "winter" in effigy at the Sechselautenplatz.

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Traditional cuisine of Zurich reflects the centuries of rule by patrician burghers as well as the lasting imprint of Huldrych Zwingli's puritanism.

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The city is home to two major Swiss football teams; Grasshopper Club Zurich founded in 1886 and FC Zurich founded in 1896, both competing in Switzerland's highest league.

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Weltklasse Zurich, sometimes referred to as the one-day Olympics, is a one-day athletics meet held annually at the Letzigrund Stadium.

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Zurich Marathon is a popular sport event, inviting numerous athletes from every corner of the globe.

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The running course starts in Zurich and passes through Bahnhofstrasse, Bellevueplatz, Mythenquai, Quaibrucke, Talstrasse and Utoquai, and along Lake Zurich to several other places.

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Zurich was one of six venues of the 1954 FIFA World Cup and one of eight venues of the UEFA Euro 2008.

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Zurich hosted the UCI Track Cycling World Championships six times at the Oerlikon Velodrome.

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Zurich was host to the 2012 Men's World Floorball Championships.

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